References of "Diepart, Jean-Christophe"
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See detailUnderstanding the drivers of deforestation and agricultural transformations in the Northwestern uplands of Cambodia
Kong, Rada; Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULiege; Castella, Jean-Christophe et al

in Applied Geography (2019), 102

At the end of the 1990s, the Northwestern uplands of Cambodia were one of the last forest frontiers of the country. In a region that was the last Khmer Rouge stronghold, the opening of former conflict ... [more ▼]

At the end of the 1990s, the Northwestern uplands of Cambodia were one of the last forest frontiers of the country. In a region that was the last Khmer Rouge stronghold, the opening of former conflict zones after a peace agreement initiated a vast movement of agricultural colonization. This movement was economically triggered by high market demand for agricultural commodities such as maize and cassava and fueled by a massive flow of spontaneous in-migration of land-poor farmers from lowland regions around the entire country. Focused on four upland districts along a pioneer front of Northwestern Cambodia, we analyzed historical trajectories of land use/cover changes using a chronological series of Landsat data from 1976 to 2016. We identified key drivers of deforestation using demographic data and qualitative information from local actors and other relevant stakeholders. We found a 65 percent forest cover loss due to conversion by smallholders into agricultural land for maize and cassava cultivation over a period of 15 years. The underlying mechanisms of land use change were further investigated to understand the diversity of individual farm trajectories and decision-making processes in relation to land conversion. These elements of diagnosis are essential to engage farming communities in innovative land use systems and to develop sustainable alternatives to boom crops that have led to the current situation of land degradation and economic instability. [less ▲]

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See detailCambodge: Élections, clientélisme et soutien chinois
Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULiege; Prigent, Steven

in Cabasset, Christine; Thi-Liên Tran, Claire (Eds.) L’Asie du Sud-Est 2019: Bilan, enjeux et perspectives (2019)

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See detailLarge-Scale Land Acquisitions for Agricultural Development in Myanmar: A Review of Past and Current Processes
San Thein; Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULiege; Hlwan Moe et al

E-print/Working paper (2018)

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See detailState of Land in the Mekong Region
Ingalls, Micah; Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULiege; Truong, N. et al

Book published by Bern Open Publishing - 1st (2018)

The Mekong region is in the midst of profound social and environmental change. Despite rapid urbanization, the region remains predominantly rural with more than 60 percent of its population living in ... [more ▼]

The Mekong region is in the midst of profound social and environmental change. Despite rapid urbanization, the region remains predominantly rural with more than 60 percent of its population living in rural areas, the vast majority of whom are engaged in agriculture. This population not only continues to grow, but is also disproportionately poor and reliant on land and forest resources. Due to the rapid growth of its agricultural sector, the Mekong region has become a global centre of production and trade for commodities such as rubber, rice, cassava, wood, sugar cane and oil palm. While accelerated flows of global investment and the trade of land-intensive commodities have contributed to growing GDP and the enrichment of some societal actors, outcomes have been highly unequal. The benefits of development have largely accrued to the urban elite, while costs have largely been borne by the rural poor, transforming rural land relations and presenting new insecurities for land tenure. The Mekong region may be at a tipping-point, and transformational change is imperative to sustainably address the needs of agricultural smallholders. Data and information are urgently needed to understand these changes, to inform more equitable and innovative decision-making, and to monitor the outcomes of these decisions. The State of Land in the Mekong Region thus brings together key data and information on current status and trajectories of change with regard to land resources, their social distribution, and the conditions of governance that shape them. [less ▲]

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See detailFarming Systems Analysis: A guidebook for researchers and development practitioners in Myanmar
Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULiege; Allaverdian, Céline

E-print/Working paper (2018)

This guidebook was written for students, researchers and development practitioners engaged in supporting family farmers in Myanmar and other areas of Southeast Asia. It provides detailed methodological ... [more ▼]

This guidebook was written for students, researchers and development practitioners engaged in supporting family farmers in Myanmar and other areas of Southeast Asia. It provides detailed methodological guidance to carry out farming systems analyses. The guidebook provides key concepts and tools for a better understanding of farmers’ decisions and practices. The guidebook helps nurture a professional dialogue between farmers and rural development practitioners, to effectively support family farmers’ productive activities and their future aspirations. The guidebook was developed by GRET in partnership with Yezin Agricultural University. It is based on 18 months of experience conducting farming systems research in five States and Regions of Myanmar. [less ▲]

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See detailCambodian peasantry and formalisation of land right: Historical perspectives and current issues. 2nd Edition
Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULiege; Sem, Thol

Book published by French Technical Committee on Land Tenure and Development (AFD-MEAE) - 2nd ed. (2018)

A first version of this working paper was published in 2015 by GRAESE (Research Group on East and Southeast Asia). The objective of this second edition is to update the picture we drew in 2015 with the ... [more ▼]

A first version of this working paper was published in 2015 by GRAESE (Research Group on East and Southeast Asia). The objective of this second edition is to update the picture we drew in 2015 with the latest figures and information available to us. The general intention remains the same. We conceive this document as a resource for students and researchers aiming to understand Cambodian land issues and their historical background. [less ▲]

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See detailLes communs fonciers à l’ère d’internet au Cambodge, une approche par les conflits
Mellac, Marie; Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULiege

in Netcom (2017), 31(1/2), 129-152

Résumé - Depuis les années 2000, la vie politique cambodgienne est marquée par des conflits majeurs provoqués par la destruction de communs fonciers, ruraux et urbains. Ces conflits jaillissent dans un ... [more ▼]

Résumé - Depuis les années 2000, la vie politique cambodgienne est marquée par des conflits majeurs provoqués par la destruction de communs fonciers, ruraux et urbains. Ces conflits jaillissent dans un contexte où la violence et les relations clientélistes propres à l’exercice du pouvoir d’Etat cambodgien limitent la formation de contre-pouvoirs. Des espaces de résistance existent néanmoins et les possibilités d’internet les transforment ou les amplifient. A travers les conflits fonciers, cet article examine les mobilisations du web et montre qu’elles apportent une dimension informationnelle aux dynamiques sociales de protection des communs fonciers. La mise à disposition de données et informations foncières sur internet par des acteurs de la société civile bouscule le rôle central de l’Etat en la matière. Toutefois, le lien entre les interventions du numérique et la gouvernance foncière ne va pas de soi et reste une piste à explorer. Abstract - Since the years 2000, political life in Cambodia has been deeply marked by land conflicts, brought about by the destruction of rural and urban commons. These conflicts occur in a context where violence and patronage, which are at the core of Cambodian State formation practises, limit approaches to counter power. However, spaces of resistance exist and are actively transformed by the internet. Through the prism of land conflicts, this article examines how different mobilizations of the Web bring an informational dimension to the social dynamics of protecting land-based commons. The release of land-related data and information on the internet by civil society actors shakes up the central role of the State as data gatekeeper. Yet, the link between these intervention on the Web and land governance is not obvious and remain to be explored. Keywords - Land tenure ; Commons ; Internet ; Governance ; Conflict [less ▲]

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See detailLarge-Scale Land Acquisition for Agricultural Development in the Mekong Region (CLMV): An Update
Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULiege; Ngin, Chanrith; Vongphaisit, Chansamone et al

Scientific conference (2017, November 15)

The presentation aims to frame LSLA historically and regionally by presenting: i) trade/investment flows within Mekong countries and with China ii) updated data on LSLA as of 2017 (See State of Land ... [more ▼]

The presentation aims to frame LSLA historically and regionally by presenting: i) trade/investment flows within Mekong countries and with China ii) updated data on LSLA as of 2017 (See State of Land report for more updates) iii) the multiple impacts of LSLA [less ▲]

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See detailTransparency Under Scrutiny. Information disclosure by the Parliamentary Land Investigation Commission in Myanmar
San Thein; Pyae Sone; Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

This case study presents a country-wide quantitative analysis of a Parliamentary Commission established in 2012 in Myanmar to examine ‘land grab’ cases considered and to propose solutions towards ... [more ▼]

This case study presents a country-wide quantitative analysis of a Parliamentary Commission established in 2012 in Myanmar to examine ‘land grab’ cases considered and to propose solutions towards releasing the land to its original owners, in most cases smallholder farming families. The study analyses the information contained in four reports released to the public, but also aims to elicit information they do not reveal. First of all, the paper suggests the commission has failed to provide detailed information about land grabs by the military. Second, the Commission seems to have targeted urban areas and urbanization projects and has underestimated land grab cases in rural areas. Third, by contrasting the locations of land confiscation cases with those of agro-industrial concessions as of 2011, the paper also shows how the Commission has evaded, rather than tackled, some very critical land confiscation issues driven by these concessions. Eventually, the authors argue for a mechanism that gathers, manages and releases relevant data on land confiscation and redistribution in a manner that allows for full disclosure. [less ▲]

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See detailRelations between peasantry and state in contemporary Cambodia: A critical journey from lowland to upland regions
Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULiege

in The Newsletter of the International Institute for Asian Studies (2017), 78

In the early eighties, after a decade of civil war and violence, and in the context of post-war reconstruction and international isolation, the Cambodian peasantry and state were faced with the ... [more ▼]

In the early eighties, after a decade of civil war and violence, and in the context of post-war reconstruction and international isolation, the Cambodian peasantry and state were faced with the overwhelming task of attaining food security and laying the foundations for agricultural development. Access to land was relatively equitable and smallholder farmers took center stage in these reconstruction efforts. Within a decade, resilient peasants managed to ensure a reasonable degree of food and land tenure security. However, in the nineties the balance of power between the peasantry and the state shifted with the re-emergence and consolidation of large-scale forest and fisheries concessions serving the centralization of power. In the early years of 2000, the modernization of agrarian systems imagined by the government, the advisers of the ruling party and international advisers, triggered dramatic transformations in the rural landscape of Cambodia. The approaches and impacts were furthermore geographically differentiated between the lowland central plain and the upland areas. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Commons in the Tonle Sap Flood Plain: Insights from community fisheries management
Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULiege; Oeur, Il; Mellac, Marie

Scientific conference (2016, November 08)

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See detailLe rôle du numérique dans les conflits fonciers au Cambodge
Mellac, Marie; Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULiege

Scientific conference (2016, November)

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See detailThey will need land! The current land tenure situation and future land allocation needs of smallholder farmers in Cambodia
Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

The objective of this background paper is to provide a succinct description of the land tenure situation in Cambodia and, on that basis, discuss the needs smallholder farmers have for land, projected up ... [more ▼]

The objective of this background paper is to provide a succinct description of the land tenure situation in Cambodia and, on that basis, discuss the needs smallholder farmers have for land, projected up to the year 2030. The main problem it examines lies at the intersection between, on one hand, the demographic increase in the rural smallholder population and its associated need for land in the future (the demand side) and, on the other hand, the possibility offered by the different land tenure regimes to meet this demand (the supply side); the central question focuses on how supply can meet demand.By looking first at how much land is available under different categories (the supply side), the paper succinctly presents and maps the different land tenure regimes with updated statistics and discusses their main outcomes and shortcomings. On that basis, we present a preliminary assessment of land distribution by main land tenure systems in Cambodia. The land under cultivation by smallholders represents 19 percent of the total area of the national territory and is itself sub-divided into agricultural land with land titles (systematic land registration, 6 percent and land covered by the Order 01, 6 percent), under Social Land Concession arrangements (1 percent) and untitled (6 percent). The forest cover includes forest concessions (10 percent), Community Forestry (2 percent), Protected Areas and Protection Forests (20 percent) and an unclassified forest cover area (14 percent). Economic Land Concessions under operation represent 12 percent while cancelled concessions represent 2 percent of the total territory. The actual tenure of a large non-forested area (14 percent) remains undetermined and further updates are needed to shed light on this issue. The paper suggests that the central problem of the current Cambodian land reform is its ineffectiveness in coordinating the processes of land rights security and formalization in lowland and upland areas, although both regions are closely linked through land-driven migration movements that have intensified over the past 20 years. This has been particularly contentious given the fact that in a parallel process, and driven by a strong, state-based political economy, large land deals have been concentrated in the uplands of the entire country along processes that are exclusionary in nature. The overlap of competing land claims has created a widespread conflict situation in all uplands region of the country. By looking at how much land is needed for family farmers in the future (the demand side), the paper anticipates the land requirements of smallholder farmers by 2030 based on the projected demographic increase in the economically active population in rural Cambodia and on two sets of scenarios i) the transfer of unskilled labour from the agricultural to the secondary and tertiary sectors (industries and services) and ii) the provision of land for smallholder farmers. The analysis suggests that by the year 2030, the transfer of unskilled labour from agriculture to the secondary and tertiary sectors will lag behind the demographic increase in the active rural population. With 2015 as a baseline, the scenarios suggests that by 2030 smallholder farmers will need an additional land area ranging from 320,600 ha (+10 percent in relation to the actual area at the present time) to 1,962,400 (+64 percent), with an average desirable scenario of 1,622.000 ha based on an allocation of 1ha per active labourer (in accordance with the present social concession policy) and on the continuation of the present transfer rate of unskilled manpower from agriculture to the secondary and tertiary sectors (i.e. the transfer of 40.000 workers per year). So the question that needs to be formulated does not revolve around whether or not the rural population will need land in the future, but rather around how this can occur. Along these lines, the paper discusses different options, which are not mutually exclusive, to allocate this land without further impact on the forest cover: i) by redistribution of land from cancelled Economic Land Concessions, ii) through a firmer recognition of swidden agriculture inside Protected Areas, iii) through a far more ambitious Social Land Concession programme and iv) through further reform of the forest concession system. The paper concludes by stressing the need for relevant ministries to engage in open and constructive research-based discussion so that these options can materialize into concrete actions. [less ▲]

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See detailFragmented Territories: Incomplete Enclosures and Agrarian Change on the Agricultural Frontier of Samlaut District, North-West Cambodia
Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULiege; Sem, Thol

in Journal of Agrarian Change (2016)

In Cambodia, the interactions between large-scale land investment and land titling gathered particular momentum in 2012–13, when the government initiated an unprecedented upland land titling programme in ... [more ▼]

In Cambodia, the interactions between large-scale land investment and land titling gathered particular momentum in 2012–13, when the government initiated an unprecedented upland land titling programme in an attempt to address land tenure insecurity where large-scale land investment overlaps with land appropriated by peasants. This paper is based on a spatially explicit ethnography of land rights conducted in the Samlaut district of north-west Cambodia – a former Khmer Rouge resistance stronghold – in a context where the enclosures are both incomplete and entangled with post-war, socially embedded land tenure systems. We discuss how this new pattern of fragmentation affects the prevailing dynamics of agrarian change. We argue that it has introduced new forms of exclusion and a generalized perception of land tenure uncertainty that is managed by peasants through the actualization of hybrid land tenure arrangements borrowing from state rules and local consensus. In contrast with common expectations about land formalization, the process reinforces the patterns of social differentiation initiated by land rent capture practices of early migrants and pushes more vulnerable peasants into seeking wage labour and resorting to job migration. [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduction to the Cambodian Spatial Planning System
Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULiege; Koditek, Walter; Hänert, Thomas et al

Report (2016)

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See detailProvincial Spatial Planning Handbook
Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULiege; Koditek, Walter; Hänert, Thomas et al

Report (2016)

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See detailDistrict & Municipal Land Use Master Plan and Land Use Plan Handbook
Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULiege; Koditek, Walter; Hänert, Thomas et al

Report (2016)

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See detailFisheries reforms and right-based fisheries: insights from community fisheries across Cambodia
Chap, Sreyphea; Touch, Panha; Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

The working paper uses a right-based approach to examine recent wave of reforms in the Cambodian fisheries sector and what these reforms mean for community fisheries management.

Detailed reference viewed: 101 (2 ULiège)