References of "Detrembleur, Christophe"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFast and facile one-pot one-step preparation of non-isocyanate polyurethane hydrogels in water at room temperature
Bourguignon, Maxime ULiege; Thomassin, Jean-Michel ULiege; Grignard, Bruno ULiege et al

in ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering (in press)

Since the discovery of polyurethanes (PU) by Otto Bayer in 1937, PU hydrogels are still commonly produced by the polyaddition of nasty and toxic polyisocyanates with polyols in organic solvents or in the ... [more ▼]

Since the discovery of polyurethanes (PU) by Otto Bayer in 1937, PU hydrogels are still commonly produced by the polyaddition of nasty and toxic polyisocyanates with polyols in organic solvents or in the bulk, followed by their swelling in water. Their direct one-pot one-step synthesis in water is not possible due to the fast hydrolysis of isocyanates. The attractive greener variant for PU that consists in the polyaddition of poly(5-membered cyclic carbonate)s with polyamines is also suffering for a similar drawback (the hydrolysis of the cyclic carbonates), but also for the low reactivity of the reagents at room temperature. Herein, we report the first synthesis of PU hydrogels by a non-isocyanate route in water at room temperature from easily accessible CO2-sourced 5-membered cyclic carbonates (5CCs) and a commercially available polyamine. We demonstrate that PU hydrogels are now formed with impressive short gel times (15-20 min) provided that the pH is adjusted in the 10.5-11.5 range in order to limit 5CCs hydrolysis. Hydrogels of good mechanical properties and high swelling ability are prepared in a facile one-pot process. The robustness of the process is also illustrated by dispersing clays (natural or synthetic) or a natural hydrosoluble polymer (gelatin) in the formulation. These additives do not perturb the polymerization and enable to modulate the mechanical properties of the hydrogel. This works opens enormous perspectives in the design of elusive PU-based materials in water from largely accessible 5- membered cyclic carbonates. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA switchable domino process for the construction of novel CO2- sourced sulfur-containing building blocks and polymers
Ouhib, Farid; Grignard, Bruno ULiege; Van den Broeck, Elias et al

in Angewandte Chemie International Edition (in press)

alpha-alkylidene cyclic carbonates (aCCs) recently emerged as attractive CO2-sourced synthons for the construction of complex organic molecules. Herein, we report the transformation of aCCs into novel ... [more ▼]

alpha-alkylidene cyclic carbonates (aCCs) recently emerged as attractive CO2-sourced synthons for the construction of complex organic molecules. Herein, we report the transformation of aCCs into novel families of sulfur-containing compounds by organocatalyzed chemoselective addition of thiols, following a domino process that is switched on/off depending on the desired product. The process is extremely fast, versatile in substrate scope, provides selectively linear thiocarbonates or elusive tetrasubstituted ethylene carbonates with high yields following a 100% atom economy reaction, and valorizes CO2 as a renewable feedstock. It is also exploited to produce a large diversity of unprecedented functional polymers. It constitutes a robust platform for the design of new sulfur-containing organic synthons and important families of polymers. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOrganocobalt complexes as sources of carbon-centered radicals for organic and polymer chemistries
Demarteau, Jérémy; Debuigne, Antoine ULiege; Detrembleur, Christophe ULiege

in Chemical Reviews (in press)

Organocobalt(III) complexes (R-CoIII), defined as cobalt complexes featuring a carbon−cobalt bond, are largely used to produce carbon-centered radicals by homolytic cleavage of their C−Co bond under mild ... [more ▼]

Organocobalt(III) complexes (R-CoIII), defined as cobalt complexes featuring a carbon−cobalt bond, are largely used to produce carbon-centered radicals by homolytic cleavage of their C−Co bond under mild conditions. They are key compounds in cutting-edge developments in the fields of organic chemistry, biochemistry, medical research, radical reactions, and organometallic chemistry. This is the first Review of the use of R-CoIII in both organic and polymer chemistries. Although pioneering works in organic synthesis have largely contributed to the implementation of R-CoIII in polymer design, the two fields have evolved independently, with many breakthroughs on both sides. The main motivation of this Review is to confront both fields to stimulate cross-fertilization. It notably describes the most important synthetic pathways for R-CoIII, the influence of the ligand structure and the environment of the complex on the C−Co bond strength, the modes of formation of the radicals, and the most relevant R-CoIII-promoted radical reactions, with a focus on the main reaction mechanisms. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (12 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAnti-biofouling activity of Ranaspumin-2 bio-surfactant immobilized on catechol-functional PMMA thin layers prepared by atmospheric plasma deposition
Czuba, Urszula; Quintana, Robert; Lassaux, Patricia ULiege et al

in Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces (2019), 178

The deposition of polymeric thin layers bearing reactive functional groups is a promising solution to provide functionality on otherwise inert surfaces, for instance, for bioconjugation purposes ... [more ▼]

The deposition of polymeric thin layers bearing reactive functional groups is a promising solution to provide functionality on otherwise inert surfaces, for instance, for bioconjugation purposes. Atmospheric pressure plasma (AP plasma) deposition technology offers many advantages, such as fast deposition rates, low costs, low waste generation and suitability for coating various kind of material surfaces. In this work, the AP plasma-assisted copolymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) with a vinyl derivative of L-DOPA was studied in order to deposit coatings with reactive catechol/quinone groups suitable for protein covalent immobilization. The effect of adding a chemical cross-linker, between 0 and 2 mol%, to the monomer mixture is also studied in order to prepare robust plasma PMMA-based layers in liquid physiological media. The layer prepared with 0.2 mol% of cross-linker shows the best balance between stability in saline-buffered media and surface functionalization. Bioconjugation via the grafting of Ranaspumin-2 recombinant, a naturally occurring surfactant protein, is carried out in a single step after plasma deposition. Protein immobilization is corroborated by Quartz Crystal Microbalance with Dissipation (QCM-D) and Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) analyses and confirmed via Epicocconone staining, X-Ray Photoemission Spectroscopy (XPS) and Time of Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) measurements and surface wettability characterizations. The bio-functionalized layers presented an enhanced activity against the adhesion of Human Serum Albumin (HSA), indicating the grafting potential of the Ranaspumin-2 bio-surfactant to produce anti-biofouling functional coatings. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (6 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCO2-sourced polycarbonates as solid electrolytes for room temperature operation lithium battery
Ouhib, Farid; Meabe, Leire; Mahmoud, Abdelfattah ULiege et al

in Journal of Materials Chemistry A (2019), 7(16), 9844-9853

In the last years, polycarbonates have been identified as alternatives to poly(ethylene oxide) as polymer electrolytes for lithium battery applications. In this work, we show the design of CO2-sourced ... [more ▼]

In the last years, polycarbonates have been identified as alternatives to poly(ethylene oxide) as polymer electrolytes for lithium battery applications. In this work, we show the design of CO2-sourced polycarbonates for its use in a room temperature lithium battery. Novel functional polycarbonates alternating oxo-carbonate moieties and polyethylene oxide segments are synthesized by the facile room temperature (rt) organocatalyzed polyaddition of CO2-sourced bis(?-alkylidene carbonate)s (bis-?CCs) with polyethylene oxide diols. The effect of the polyethylene oxide molar mass on the ionic conductivity and on the thermal properties of the poly(oxo-carbonate)s is investigated. The best candidate shows a low glass temperature of -44°C and a high ionic conductivity of 3.75 * 10-5 S cm-1 at rt when loaded with 30 wt% bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide salt (LiTFSI) without any solvent. All solid semi-interpenetrated network polymer electrolyte (SIN-SPE) is then fabricated by UV-cross-linking of a mixture containing a specifically designed poly(oxo-carbonate) bearing methacrylate pendants, diethylene glycol diacrylate and the previously described poly(oxo-carbonate) containing LiTFSI. The resulting self-standing membrane exhibits a high oxidation stability up to 5 V (vs Li/Li+), an ionic conductivity of 1.1 * 10-5 S cm-1 at rt (10-4 S cm-1 at 60°C) and promising mechanical properties. Assembled in a half cell configuration with LiFePO4 (LFP) as cathode and lithium as anode, the all-solid cell delivers a discharge capacity of 161 mAh g-1 at 0.1C and 60°C, which is very close to the theoretical capacity of LFP (170 mAh g-1). Also, a stable reversible cycling capacity over 400 cycles with high coulombic efficiency of 99 % is noted at 1C. Similar results are obtained at rt provided that 10 wt% of tetraglyme as plastisizer were added to SIN-SPE. I. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (17 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailStraightforward synthesis of well-defined poly(vinylidene fluoride) and its block copolymers by cobalt-mediated radical polymerization
Falireas, Panagiotis G.; Ladmiral, Vincent; Debuigne, Antoine ULiege et al

in Macromolecules (2019), 52(3), 1266-1276

The organometallic-mediated radical polymeriza- tion (OMRP) of vinylidene fluoride (VDF) using an alkyl cobalt(III) compound as initiator was recently proven successful for the controlled synthesis ofPVDF ... [more ▼]

The organometallic-mediated radical polymeriza- tion (OMRP) of vinylidene fluoride (VDF) using an alkyl cobalt(III) compound as initiator was recently proven successful for the controlled synthesis ofPVDF (Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 2018, 57, 2934−2937). However, the required synthesis of the organometallic initiator renders this method labor-intensive and time-consuming. This article reports the straightforward synthesis of well-defined poly(VDF) and its block copolymers via OMRP performed using a two-component initiating system from readily available compounds. First, PVDF was obtained by redox initiation using the combination of a peroxide initiator and bis(acetylacetonato)cobalt(II) (Co(acac)2). This step was optimized in terms of the initiator choice, polymerization temperature, and reactant molar ratio. The best results regarding the molar mass control and the dispersities were obtained using bis(tert-butylcyclohexyl) peroxydicarbonate as initiator at 60 °C. The polymerization followed first-order kinetics, and the molar masses ofPVDF increased linearly up to a 27% conversion to reach 11 800 g/mol with low dispersities (Đ = 1.35). Chain extension of the resulting PVDF-Co(acac)2 with vinyl acetate (VAc) led to three diblock copolymers of various chain lengths. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (6 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPlant-based non-activated olefins: a new class of renewable monomers for controlled radical polymerisation
Scholten, Philip ULiege; Detrembleur, Christophe ULiege; Meier, Michael A. R.

in ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering (2019), 7(2), 2751-2762

In light of fossil fuel depletion and a general necessity for sustainable development, the synthesis of polymers from renewable resources is gaining more and more importance. Yet, industrially relevant ... [more ▼]

In light of fossil fuel depletion and a general necessity for sustainable development, the synthesis of polymers from renewable resources is gaining more and more importance. Yet, industrially relevant radical polymerisations still struggle with the incorporation of renewable resources as the number of natural molecules containing suitable double bonds is limited. Herein, we present the sustainable synthesis of non-activated allylic and olefinic carbonate monomers from renewable resources in a solventless one-pot transesterification reaction. We subsequently confirm the first controlled radical copolymerisation of such challenging non-activated monomers with vinyl acetate, in which molecular weights above 10,000 g.mol-1 were reached. The controlled nature of the copolymerisations was verified by the low dispersities obtained and the linear increase in molecular weights with conversion. The so-prepared copolymers were purified using sustainable extractions by supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2), which allowed to recover unused monomer in up to 58%. Using FT-IR and NMR spectroscopy, the incorporation of the renewable monomers into the copolymer in up to 49 mol% was confirmed, which is the highest reported to date. The combination of a sustainable double bond functionalisation pathway with controlled radical polymerisations highlights the potential of radical polymerisations in the quest for renewable polymers and introduces a new set of monomers for this technique. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (9 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCO2-sourced non-isocyanate poly(urethane)s with pH-sensitive imine linkages
Gennen, Sandro; Grignard, Bruno ULiege; Jérôme, Christine ULiege et al

in Advanced Synthesis and Catalysis (2019), 361(2), 355-365

Carbon dioxide is a renewable C1‐feedstock that is exploited for the production of polymers. In this work, we report on the conversion of CO2 into novel bis(oxo‐carbamate)s that are then exploited for the ... [more ▼]

Carbon dioxide is a renewable C1‐feedstock that is exploited for the production of polymers. In this work, we report on the conversion of CO2 into novel bis(oxo‐carbamate)s that are then exploited for the synthesis of degradable non‐isocyanate polyurethanes (NIPUs) bearing acid‐sensitive imine functions within the polymer backbone. Two CO2‐sourced bis(oxo‐carbamate)s were first prepared by the facile catalyst‐free and regioselective aminolysis of an α‐alkylidene cyclic carbonate (prepared by carboxylative coupling of CO2 with a propargylic alcohol) with two secondary diamines, piperazine and N,N’‐dimethyl‐1,6‐hexanediamine. A large diversity of poly(urethane‐co‐ imine)s (PUIs) with molar masses ranging from 4500 to 8500 g/mol were then prepared by polycondensation of bis(oxo‐carbamate)s with various primary diamines, and by using Ti(OEt)4 as catalyst and drying agent. Finally, the pH‐responsiveness of PUIs was demonstrated by immersing a representative polymer in aqueous solutions at different pH. This work illustrates that hydrolytically degradable NIPUs can be constructed by polycondensation of novel CO2‐sourced monomers with diamines. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (13 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPoly(ionic liquid)-derived N-doped carbons with hierarchical porosity for lithium- and sodium-ion batteries
Alkarmo, Walid ULiege; Ouhib, Farid ULiege; Aqil, Abdelhafid ULiege et al

in Macromolecular Rapid Communications (2019), 40(1), 1800545

The performance of lithium‐ and sodium‐ion batteries relies notably on the accessibility to carbon electrodes of controllable porous structure and chemical composition. This work reports a facile ... [more ▼]

The performance of lithium‐ and sodium‐ion batteries relies notably on the accessibility to carbon electrodes of controllable porous structure and chemical composition. This work reports a facile synthesis of well‐defined N‐doped porous carbons (NPCs) using a poly(ionic liquid) (PIL) as precursor, and graphene oxide (GO)‐stabilized poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) nanoparticles as sacrificial template. The GO‐stabilized PMMA nanoparticles are first prepared and then decorated by a thin PIL coating before carbonization. The resulting NPCs reach a satisfactory specific surface area of up to 561 m2 g−1 and a hierarchically meso‐ and macroporous structure while keeping a nitrogen content of 2.6 wt%. Such NPCs deliver a high reversible charge/discharge capacity of 1013 mA h g−1 over 200 cycles at 0.4 A g−1 for lithium‐ion batteries, and show a good capacity of 204 mA h g−1 over 100 cycles at 0.1 A g−1 for sodium‐ion batteries. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (14 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPolymers bearing catechol pendants as universal hosts for aqueous rechargeable H+, Li-ion, and post-Li-ion (mono‑, di‑, and trivalent) batteries
Patil, Nagaraj; Mavrandonakis, Andreas; Jérôme, Christine ULiege et al

in ACS Applied Energy Materials (2019)

Organic electrode materials capable of reversible coordination/uncoordination of both mono- and multivalent ions in aqueous electrolytes are desired to develop safe, sustainable, and cost-effective water ... [more ▼]

Organic electrode materials capable of reversible coordination/uncoordination of both mono- and multivalent ions in aqueous electrolytes are desired to develop safe, sustainable, and cost-effective water-based batteries. Here, we demonstrate the universality of bioinspired redox-active polymers bearing catechol pendants to reversibly coordinate/uncoordinate numerous cations including H+ and Li+ to Zn2+ and Al3+ with fast kinetics and ultralong cyclability. This unprecedented versatility is based on a catecholato–metal cation complex (Cat2–(mMn+)) charge storage mechanism that dictates the overall electrochemistry: formation of stronger complexes in M+ < M2+ < M3+ order resulted in a huge redox potential increment that might be used to tune the operating voltage of the battery. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (3 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCatechol containing polyhydroxyurethanes as high-performance coatings and adhesives
Panchireddy, Satyannarayana ULiege; Grignard, Bruno ULiege; Thomassin, Jean-Michel ULiege et al

in ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering (2018), 6(11), 14936-14944

Green routes for the synthesis of high-performance isocyanate-free polyurethane coatings and adhesives are intensively searched for. In this article, we report a solvent- and isocyanate-free formulation ... [more ▼]

Green routes for the synthesis of high-performance isocyanate-free polyurethane coatings and adhesives are intensively searched for. In this article, we report a solvent- and isocyanate-free formulation for novel poly(hydroxyurethane) glues bearing strongly adherent catechol groups. These adhesives are prepared by the polyaddition of a CO2-sourced tricyclic carbonate, hexamethylene diamine, and a catecholamine (dopamine). The role of the catechol functions on the PHU curing and on the final PHU properties are investigated. Although the dopamine slows down the curing of the formulation, this catecholamine added at only 3.9 mol % impressively improves the mechanical and adhesion performances of PHU. The lap shear adhesion of our product surpasses those of PHU that do not contain the catechols. We also demonstrate that the catechol-bearing PHU glues are competing with the adhesion performances of commercial PU glues, at least when a thermal curing is implemented to overcome the low reactivity of cyclic carbonate with amines. The use of renewable feedstocks, the solvent-free process, the atom economy polyaddition reaction, and the absence of any toxic reagent benefit the sustainability of the final product. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (4 ULiège)
See detailA robust and versatile process for converting CO2 into new families of regioregular and functional polymers
Detrembleur, Christophe ULiege

Conference (2018, October 05)

Polycarbonates (PCs) and polyurethanes (PUs) belong to some of the world-leading polymers found in many of our daily life applications. PCs are most often produced by polycondensation of alkylcarbonates ... [more ▼]

Polycarbonates (PCs) and polyurethanes (PUs) belong to some of the world-leading polymers found in many of our daily life applications. PCs are most often produced by polycondensation of alkylcarbonates with diols at high temperature, or by ring-opening polymerization of 5- or 6-membered cyclic carbonates under milder reaction conditions. PUs are industrially made by polyaddition of diisocyanates with diols, also under mild experimental conditions. Some recent developments in the PUs field deal with the polyaddition of dicyclic 5-membered carbonates with diamines, but this polymerization is much slower compared to the isocyanate route and low molar mass polymers are most often obtained. The polyaddition of dicyclic carbonates with diols would also be attractive to prepare PCs but is not largely exploited due to the poor reactivity of the 5-membered cycles towards alcohols. Although these drawbacks, the 5-membered cyclic carbonates are highly attractive monomers because they can be easily produced at low cost by coupling CO2 with di-epoxides that can be partially or totally bio-sourced (for instance from epoxidized vegetable oils). Until very recently, it was however extremely challenging to produce both PUs and PCs from a single 5-membered dicyclic carbonate under mild experimental conditions. In this talk, we will describe an innovative process for the preparation of new families of PCs and PUs by the facile organocatalyzed polyaddition of novel CO2-sourced bis(5-membered cyclic carbonate)s with diols (for PCs) or diamines (for PUs) under ambient conditions. These novel cyclic carbonates are prepared by organocatalyzed carboxylative coupling of CO2 with dialkynols. Although PCs require some organocatalyst to be produced at room temperature, PUs do not require any activation. Moreover, this process allows the synthesis of functional polymers with a high regioregularity, no side reaction, and high molar masses can be obtained (Mn up to 100 kg/mol in some cases). The origin of this unprecedented reactivity will be explained as well as its impact on the polymer structure. We will also show that these novel CO2-sourced monomers can also be exploited for the production of other functional polymers, by tuning the nature of the comonomer and the catalyst. We believe that this family of monomers is opening new perspectives in the facile production of important polymers that cannot be produced by the current techniques. Some preliminary applications of these polymers will be discussed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (2 ULiège)
See detailSynthesis of functional copolymers from cyclic carbonates using controlled radical polymerisation
Scholten, Philip ULiege; Meier, Michael A. R.; Detrembleur, Christophe ULiege

Poster (2018, October 03)

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (2 ULiège)
See detailSynthesis of functional copolymers from cyclic carbonates using controlled radical polymerisation
Scholten, Philip ULiege; Detrembleur, Christophe ULiege; Meier, Michael A. R.

Conference (2018, October 02)

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (4 ULiège)
See detailSynthesis and controlled raddical copolymerisation of renewably-sourced carbonates
Scholten, Philip ULiege; Detrembleur, Christophe ULiege; Meier, Michael A. R.

Conference (2018, September 19)

Non-phosgene derived carbonates are an extremely promising and attractive class of molecules that have found numerous applications. Especially in polymer chemistry, ROP or polyadditions of carbonate ... [more ▼]

Non-phosgene derived carbonates are an extremely promising and attractive class of molecules that have found numerous applications. Especially in polymer chemistry, ROP or polyadditions of carbonate monomers are extremely effective for the synthesis of poly(carbonate)s or non-isocyanate poly(urethane)s. Yet these polymerisation pathways utilise the carbonate functionality for the synthesis of the copolymer backbone and thus exclude post-polymerisation modifications on the carbonate functionality. A strategy for retaining the carbonate is to attach a double bond to the carbonate and perform a radical polymerisation which results in copolymers containing pendant carbonates available for post-polymerisation functionalisation. However, few examples of this approach can be found in the literature, one of the reasons being that efficient and sustainable synthetic pathways for the combination of carbonates and double bonds are still rare. Additionally, such molecules often contain double bonds, which are extremely challenging to control by most CRP techniques. Herein we report on the one-pot synthesis of several allylic carbonate monomers from sustainable resources and, for the first time, report on the controlled radical polymerisation (CRP) of these novel allylic monomers with less activated monomers (LAMs), such as vinyl acetate. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (5 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIntegration of redox-active catechol pendants into poly(ionic liquid) for the design of high-performance lithium-ion battery cathodes
Patil, Nagaraj; Aqil, Mohamed ULiege; Ouhib, Farid ULiege et al

in Chemistry of Materials (2018), 30(17), 5831-5835

Detailed reference viewed: 60 (11 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPolymer ionic liquid bearing radicals as an active material for organic batteries with ultrafast charge-discharge rate
Aqil, Mohamed ULiege; Ouhib, Farid ULiege; Aqil, Abdelhafid ULiege et al

in European Polymer Journal (2018), 106

We report on the synthesis of a new polymer ionic liquid (PIL) based on polyvinylimidazolium bearing a pendent nitroxide radical on each monomer unit. Firstly, the quaternization of 1 vinylimidazole by a ... [more ▼]

We report on the synthesis of a new polymer ionic liquid (PIL) based on polyvinylimidazolium bearing a pendent nitroxide radical on each monomer unit. Firstly, the quaternization of 1 vinylimidazole by a brominated alkoxyamine, i.e. a protected tetramethylpiperidinyloxy (TEMPO) nitroxide, was achieved. Then, the bromide anion was substituted by anion exchange reaction for the bis(trifluoro-methanesulfonyl)imide (TFSI) anion. The as-obtained monomer was successfully polymerized by free radical polymerization at low temperature (40 °C) by using 2,2′-azobis(4 methoxy-2.4-dimethyl valeronitrile) as initiator. Finally, the CO bond of the alkoxyamine pendant groups was thermally cleaved releasing the redox-active TEMPO nitroxide radicals. The PIL bearing TEMPO groups was coated onto a carbon nanotubes buckypaper and tested as cathode in a lithium ion battery. Such battery remarkably exhibits a high charge/discharge rate capability, e.g. at 60C the full charge is reached in 1 min and a high cycling stability; 100% of the initial capacity 60 mA h/g is kept after 1300 cycles. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (9 ULiège)
See detailMultifunctional poly(ionic liquid)s: from precision synthesis to applications in energy
Detrembleur, Christophe ULiege; Cordella, Daniela; Patil, Nagaran et al

Conference (2018, August 29)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (2 ULiège)
See detailPrecision synthesis of poly(ionic liquid)s
Detrembleur, Christophe ULiege

Conference (2018, August 27)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailNanoreservoirs
Oury, Cécile ULiege; Lancellotti, Patrizio ULiege; Jérôme, Christine ULiege et al

Patent (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (5 ULiège)