References of "Dethier, Fanny"
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See detailThe Driving Forces of Nonprofits’ Online Transparency Practices
Dethier, Fanny ULiege

Conference (2020, July)

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See detailNonprofits’ online transparency: conceptualization and operationalization
Dethier, Fanny ULiege

Conference (2019, July)

This study develops a reflective online transparency scale, following the recommended methodological steps and precautions of a scale development process. This new scale brings clarity among existing ... [more ▼]

This study develops a reflective online transparency scale, following the recommended methodological steps and precautions of a scale development process. This new scale brings clarity among existing measurement tools of web NPOs' transparency and disclosure. Preliminary to the scale construction, concepts such as transparency, disclosure and accountability are identified and differentiated in order to clearly establish what the scale assesses. A review of literature of existing measurement tools also highlights the necessity to propose a new valid and reliable transparency scale. The latter results from an exploratory factor analysis applied on a database collected from the websites of 216 philanthropic organizations collaborating with Donorinfo, a foundation working for the transparency of the Belgian philanthropic sector. The database gathers binary variables measuring the presence or absence on websites of elements of information, called items. This exploratory step refines the preliminary list of items deduced from field experts' opinion as well as a review of literature of existing measurement tools. This step also induces the dimensions of the transparency scale and the weights of each items. Normative judgements from field experts, collected through an online survey, support this exploratory step. Next, the scale is purified thanks to a confirmatory factor analysis applied on a database related to the websites of a random sample of Belgian NPOs, comparable to the Donorinfo sample. A final nomological validation step brings legitimacy to the proposed scale. As a result, the paper provides a reliable and valid online transparency scale, a measurement tool to approach online transparency in private donors' eyes. Most important references: DeVellis, R. F. (2003). Scale development: theory and applications (2nd ed). Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage Publications. Dumont, G. E. (2013). Nonprofit Virtual Accountability. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 42(5), 1049–1067. Fox, J. (2007). The Uncertain Relationship between Transparency and Accountability. Development in Practice, 17(4/5), 663–671. Gandía, J. L. (2011). Internet Disclosure by Nonprofit Organizations: Empirical Evidence of Nongovernmental Organizations for Development in Spain. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 40(1), 57–78. Michener, G., & Bersch, K. (2013). Identifying transparency. Information Polity, 18(3), 233–242. Saxton, G. D., & Guo, C. (2011). Accountability Online: Understanding the Web-Based Accountability Practices of Nonprofit Organizations. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 40, 270. [less ▲]

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See detailThe effects of workers’ participation in governance, ownership and profit sharing on the survival of worker cooperatives - An empirical analysis of 2500 French SCOP
Dethier, Fanny ULiege; Périlleux, Anais; Defourny, Jacques ULiege

Conference (2019, June 26)

Research question and review of literature: The paper answers the following question: “How does the level of workers’ participation in governance, ownership and profit sharing affect the expected survival ... [more ▼]

Research question and review of literature: The paper answers the following question: “How does the level of workers’ participation in governance, ownership and profit sharing affect the expected survival of worker cooperatives?”. As such, this research focuses on the nexus between workers’ participation and worker cooperatives (WCs)’ performance. Theory identifies three channels through which workers’ participation affects, either positively or negatively, company's performance: the workers’ productive capacity (Park, Kruse, & Sesil, 2004), the workers’ effort (Bonin, Jones, & Putterman, 1993) and the company’s organizational effectiveness (Hansmann, 2000). From an empirical point of view, in comparison with conventionally owned firms (CFs), previous studies have generally assessed that early survival of WCs meets or exceeds CFs’ and that they demonstrate a median lifespan as long or longer than CFs (Pérotin, 2004 and Burdín, 2014). Various studies also tend to suggest a positive effect of workers’ participation on productivity. However, like CFs, WCs suffer from an elevated probability of not-surviving in their early years (Olsen, 2013) and the positive effect of workers' participation on productivity seems to vary depending on the type of workers’ participation analyzed. Moreover, evidence of a lower economic performance of WCs does exist as well, especially for undercapitalized WCs and in certain industries (Defourny, 1990). Heterogeneity of the studies contexts and methods as well as divergences in results support the necessity of further research on WCs’ performance and expected survival. Methodological approach: The methodology used consists in the estimation of a survival function for more than 2500 French WCs from 2006 to 2012. By including independent variables measuring the level of workers’ participation in governance, in ownership and in profit sharing, estimations explain the relation between the various types of workers’ participation and the probability to survive of a WC. Only few authors, among which Pérotin (2004), Olsen (2013) and Burdín (2014), have used the estimation of a survival function in the framework of WCs’ performance. Main argument: In comparison with the method generally used to evaluate the productivity of WCs, i.e. the estimation of a production function “augmented” by variables apprehending the different forms of participation, the estimation of a survival function avoids the problem of endogeneity between performance and level of involvement. Therefore, the research conducted improve the robustness of the observed effects. Main conclusions and their relevance to an international audience: Through the research, we apprehend better potential advantages and weaknesses of the specificities of the WC system and in particular, the effects of workers’ participation in governance, ownership and profit-sharing on their cooperative’s survival and performance. In an overall search for a greater pluralism of economic models, the progress of the ongoing debate on the effects of workers’ involvement appears to be crucial. Main references: Bonin, J. P., Jones, D. C., & Putterman, L. (1993). Theoretical and empirical studies of producer cooperatives: will ever the twain meet? Journal of Economic Literature, 31(3), 1290–1320. Burdín, G. (2014). Are Worker-Managed Firms More Likely to Fail Than Conventional Enterprises? Evidence from Uruguay. Industrial & Labor Relations Review, 67(1), 202–238. Defourny, J. (1990). Financial Equilibrium And Risk Aversion In French Workers’ cooperatives. Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, 61(2‑3), 331–351. Hansmann, H. (2000). The ownership of enterprise. Harvard University Press. Olsen, E. K. (2013). The Relative Survival of Worker Cooperatives and Barriers to Their Creation. In D. Kruse (Éd.), Advances in the Economic Analysis of Participatory & Labor-Managed Firms (Vol. 14, p. 83‑107). Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Park, R., Kruse, D., & Sesil, J. (2004). Does employee ownership enhance firm survival? In Employee participation, firm performance and survival (p. 3–33). Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Pérotin, V. (2004). Early cooperative survival: the liability of adolescence. In Employee Participation, Firm Performance and Survival (Vol. 8, p. 67‑86). Emerald Group Publishing Limited. [less ▲]

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See detailMeasuring NPOs’ Online Disclosure: Development of a Scale
Dethier, Fanny ULiege

Conference (2018, November 17)

This study develops a reflective online disclosure scale, following the recommended methodological steps and precautions of a scale development process. This new scale brings clarity among existing ... [more ▼]

This study develops a reflective online disclosure scale, following the recommended methodological steps and precautions of a scale development process. This new scale brings clarity among existing measurement tools of web NPOs’ transparency and disclosure. The scale results from an exploratory factor analysis applied on a database collected from the websites of 216 organizations collaborating with Donorinfo, a foundation working for the transparency of the Belgian philanthropic sector. Normative judgements from field experts support this exploratory phase. The scale is purified thanks to a confirmatory factor analysis applied on a database related to a random sample of Belgian NPOs, comparable to the Donorinfo sample. Consultation of real donors’ opinion validate the proposed scale. As a result, the paper provides a reliable and valid online disclosure scale, a measurement tool to approach private donors’ perception of transparency. [less ▲]

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See detailMEASURING VOLUNTARY INFORMATION DISCLOSURE BY NPOs: PROPOSITION OF AN E-TRANSPARENCY INDEX
Dethier, Fanny ULiege; Defourny, Jacques ULiege

Conference (2018, July 13)

By proposing a new e-transparency index, this paper aims to improve the understanding and the measurement of the concept of transparency of the NPOs. The index is built carefully, following the ... [more ▼]

By proposing a new e-transparency index, this paper aims to improve the understanding and the measurement of the concept of transparency of the NPOs. The index is built carefully, following the recommended methodological steps and precautions during the construction process of a composite indicator. In particular, three different weighting methods are compared, deep sensitive analyses are carried and the validity of the index is confirmed. The index results from applications of statistical methods combined with normative judgements from field experts. The proposed index is calculated for the 250 organizations collaborating with Donorinfo, a foundation working for the transparency of the Belgian philanthropic sector. The index values obtained from collected data are confronted to real donors’ perception of the transparency of the same tested websites. As a result, the paper provides a methodologically valid e-transparency index, a measurement tool of transparency ready to use and well conceptualized. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of Uruguay’s recent pioneering laws and the Latin American discourse: perspective from norms advocacy
Dethier, Fanny ULiege

Master's dissertation (2016)

This research studies the regional influence Small States can achieve through norms promotion. Scandinavian states are already recognized by the literature as increasing their influence in the European ... [more ▼]

This research studies the regional influence Small States can achieve through norms promotion. Scandinavian states are already recognized by the literature as increasing their influence in the European Union using a strategy of norms advocacy. The present research evaluates whether Uruguay plays the same role in Latin America as Scandinavian countries in the European Union. For that purpose, the study reviews the influence of three Uruguayan recent polemical laws, namely the legalization of abortion, same-sex marriage and cannabis, on the Latin American discourse. This research finds that Uruguay actually became a norm entrepreneur within Latin America and that, consequently, its role and importance in the region increased. [less ▲]

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See detailAutogestion des travailleurs et performance économique Une analyse empirique des SCOP françaises
Dethier, Fanny ULiege

Master's dissertation (2014)

The 2008 economic crisis has highlighted the shortcomings of our current economic system based on the supremacy of capital and shareholder. This thesis aims at analyzing the credibility of the worker ... [more ▼]

The 2008 economic crisis has highlighted the shortcomings of our current economic system based on the supremacy of capital and shareholder. This thesis aims at analyzing the credibility of the worker cooperative as a company model that embodies non-capitalist methods, and in particular, the impact of employee participation on the company’s economic performance. First, we set the context of our subject by briefly tracing back the history of the cooperative and the self-management movements. Then, we analyze the behavior of self-managed companies thanks to the predictions of economic theory. Finally, we conduct our own study of the economic performance of worker participation by relying, in a first step, on previous theoretical and empirical studies. In a second step, we realize our own study with data provided by the Confédération Générale des Scop for the years 2006, 2009 and 2012, for more than 1,500 French Sociétés Coopératives et Participatives. Our main methodology consists in constructing and in estimating a production function "augmented" by variables that capture the different forms of participation. Our approach allows us to demonstrate unequivocally that profit and ownership worker participations are two mechanisms that significantly and positively influence the company’s performance, mainly through the additional effort that labor supplies hoping to receive extra income. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (2 ULiège)