References of "Denoël, Vincent"
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See detailFirst passage time as an analysis tool in experimental wind engineering [under review]
Vanvinckenroye, Hélène ULiege; Andrianne, Thomas ULiege; Denoël, Vincent ULiege

in Journal of Wind Engineering & Industrial Aerodynamics (in press)

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See detailValidated assessment of gait sub-phase durations in older adults using an accelerometer-based ambulatory system
Boutaayamou, Mohamed ULiege; GILLAIN, Sophie ULiege; Schwartz, Cédric ULiege et al

in Proceedings of the 11th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies (BIOSTEC 2018) (in press)

Validated extraction of gait sub-phase durations using an ambulatory accelerometer-based system is a current unmet need to quantify subtle changes during the walking of older adults. In this paper, we ... [more ▼]

Validated extraction of gait sub-phase durations using an ambulatory accelerometer-based system is a current unmet need to quantify subtle changes during the walking of older adults. In this paper, we describe (1) a signal processing algorithm to automatically extract not only durations of stride, stance, swing, and double support phases, but also durations of sub-phases that refine the stance and swing phases from foot-worn accelerometer signals in comfortable walking of older adults, and (2) the validation of this extraction using reference data provided by a gold standard system. The results show that we achieve a high agreement between our method and the reference method in the extraction of (1) the temporal gait events involved in the estimation of the phase/sub-phase durations, namely heel strike (HS), toe strike (TS), toe-off (TO), maximum of heel clearance (MHC), and maximum of toe clearance (MTC), with an accuracy and precision that range from ‒3.6 ms to 4.0 ms, and 6.5 ms to 12.0 ms, respectively, and (2) the gait phase/sub-phase durations, namely stride, stance, swing, double support phases, and HS to TS, TO to MHC, MHC to MTC, and MTC to HS sub-phases, with an accuracy and precision that range from ‒4 ms to 5 ms, and 9 ms to 15 ms, respectively, in comfortable walking of a thirty-eight older adults ( (mean ± standard deviation) 71.0 ± 4.1 years old). This demonstrates that the developed accelerometer-based algorithm can extract validated temporal gait events and phase/sub-phase durations, in comfortable walking of older adults, with a promising degree of accuracy/precision compared to reference data, warranting further studies. [less ▲]

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See detailHow much do we rely on additivity and linearity of aerodynamic and aeroelastic loading models ?
Denoël, Vincent ULiege

Scientific conference (2018, December 14)

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See detailExperimental Evidence of the Existence of Different First Passage Time Regimes in Forced and Parametrically Excited Systems
Delhez, Elise ULiege; Golinval, Jean-Claude ULiege; Denoël, Vincent ULiege

in Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Noise and Vibration Engineering (2018, September)

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See detailWhich tool for a tennis serve evaluation? A review
Tubez, François ULiege; Schwartz, Cédric ULiege; Paulus, Julien ULiege et al

in International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport (2018)

For coaches, the most common and easiest way to analyse the tennis serve is to refer to their own vision. However, human vision is insufficient to observe high-speed motion with great precision. With the ... [more ▼]

For coaches, the most common and easiest way to analyse the tennis serve is to refer to their own vision. However, human vision is insufficient to observe high-speed motion with great precision. With the improvement of technology, it is now possible to study the gesture from a quantitative point of view. The quantitative evaluation of the tennis serve focuses on the kinematics and kinetics of the player but also on the stroke result, which includes the ball speed and the ball trajectory. This review aims to highlight the current tools available for players, coaches, medical staffs and biomechanical researchers, to evaluate the tennis serve. This overview will provide information to the player’s entourage in order to choose the right tools depending on their specific purposes. All of these tools can be applied in performance improvement and injury prevention. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental evidences of high frequency and short wavelength VIV on long stay cables
Denoël, Vincent ULiege

Scientific conference (2017, December 15)

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See detailNormalizing shoulder EMG: an optimal set of maximum isometric voluntary contraction tests considering reproducibility
Schwartz, Cédric ULiege; Tubez, François ULiege; WANG, François-Charles ULiege et al

in Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology (2017), 37

Normalization of the electromyography (EMG) signal is often performed relatively to maximal voluntary activations (MVA) obtained during maximum isometric voluntary contraction (MVIC). The first aim was to ... [more ▼]

Normalization of the electromyography (EMG) signal is often performed relatively to maximal voluntary activations (MVA) obtained during maximum isometric voluntary contraction (MVIC). The first aim was to provide an inter-session reproducible protocol to normalize the signal of eight shoulder muscles. The protocol should also lead to a level of activation >90% of MVA for >90% of the volunteers. The second aim was to evaluate the influence of the method used to extract the MVA from the EMG envelope on the normalized EMG signal. Thirteen volunteers performed 12 MVICs twice (one-week interval). Several time constants (100 ms to 2 s) were compared when extracting the MVA from the EMG envelope. The EMG activity was also acquired during an arm elevation. Our results show that a combination of nine MVIC tests was required to meet our requirements including reproducibility. Both the number of MVIC tests and the size of the time constant influence the normalized EMG signal during the dynamic activity (variations up to 15%). A time constant of 1 s was a good compromise to extract the MVA. These findings are valuable to improve the reproducibility of EMG signal normalization. [less ▲]

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See detailA gait cycle partitioning method using a foot-worn accelerometer system
Boutaayamou, Mohamed ULiege; Bruls, Olivier ULiege; Denoël, Vincent ULiege et al

Conference (2017, November 30)

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See detailA gait cycle partitioning method using a foot-worn accelerometer system
Boutaayamou, Mohamed ULiege; Bruls, Olivier ULiege; Denoël, Vincent ULiege et al

Conference (2017, November 30)

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See detailReliability of unipodal and bipodal counter movement jump landings in a recreational male population
Schwartz, Cédric ULiege; Forthomme, Bénédicte ULiege; Paulus, Julien ULiege et al

in European Journal of Sport Science (2017), 17(9), 1143-1152

Movement patterns during landing have been suggested to be related to injury risk. The purpose of this study was to determine the inter-session reliability of kinematic variables and ground reaction ... [more ▼]

Movement patterns during landing have been suggested to be related to injury risk. The purpose of this study was to determine the inter-session reliability of kinematic variables and ground reaction forces during landing in a population of male recreational athletes after a counter movement jump. Both unipodal and bipodal landings were evaluated. Furthermore, the possibility to improve landing reliability with a verbal instruction was also studied. Twenty- four male volunteers with no history of lower-extremity trauma were randomly assigned to two groups (with and without verbal landing instruction). An optoelectronic 3D system and force plates were used to measure the lower-limb joint angles and the ground reaction forces during landing. Intraclass correlation values show moderate to excellent inter-session reliability for the bipodal task (ICC average: 0.80, range: 0.46 to 0.97) and poor to excellent reliability for the unipodal task (ICC average: >0.75, range: 0.20 to 0.95). However, large standard errors of measurement values at the ankle joint at impact (27.6 ± 11.5°) and for the vertical ground reaction forces (394 ± 1091 N) show that some variables may not be usable in practice. The verbal instruction had a negative effect on the reliability of unipodal landing but improved the reliability of bipodal landing. These findings show that the reliability of a landing task is influenced by its motor complexity as well as the instruction given to the subject. [less ▲]

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See detailBeam-to-column joints, column bases and joint components under impact loading
Demonceau, Jean-François ULiege; Vanvinckenroye, Hélène ULiege; D'Antimo, Marina ULiege et al

in Proceeding of Eurosteel 2017 conference (2017, September)

Recent events such as natural catastrophes or terrorist attacks have highlighted the necessity to ensure the structural integrity of buildings under exceptional events. For more than 10 years, the ... [more ▼]

Recent events such as natural catastrophes or terrorist attacks have highlighted the necessity to ensure the structural integrity of buildings under exceptional events. For more than 10 years, the University of Liege is strongly involved in researches on the response of structures further to such exceptional events through participations to national or European research projects. In particular, the University of Liege has contributed very recently to a European research project entitled ROBUSTIMPACT investigating the behaviour of steel or steel-concrete composite building structures subjected to impact loading and proposing simplified procedures to predict the response of such structures under the considered scenario. As a contribution to this research project, an experimental test campaign was realised in Liège; the objective was to study the behaviour of beam-to-column joints, of column bases and of most of their constitutive components under impact loading and, in particular, to highlight the influence of the strain rate effects on the response of the studied joints and components. The proposed paper first describes the conducted test campaign with all the required details about the tested specimens and the testing setup; then the analysis of the so-obtained experimental results is presented. Finally authors’ views on how to account for the strain rate effects in analytical approaches for joint design is briefly expressed. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental and numerical investigation of the nonlinear dynamics of compliant mechanisms for deployable structures
Dewalque, Florence ULiege; Schwartz, Cédric ULiege; Denoël, Vincent ULiege et al

in Mechanical Systems & Signal Processing (2017), 101

This paper studies the dynamics of tape springs which are characterised by a highly geometrical nonlinear behaviour including buckling, the formation of folds and hysteresis. An experimental set-up is ... [more ▼]

This paper studies the dynamics of tape springs which are characterised by a highly geometrical nonlinear behaviour including buckling, the formation of folds and hysteresis. An experimental set-up is designed to capture these complex nonlinear phenomena. The experimental data are acquired by the means of a 3D motion analysis system combined with a synchronised force plate. Deployment tests show that the motion can be divided into three phases characterised by different types of folds, frequencies of oscillation and damping behaviours. Furthermore, the reproducibility quality of the dynamic and quasi-static results is validated by performing a large number of tests. In parallel, a nonlinear finite element model is developed. The required model parameters are identified based on simple experimental tests such as static deformed configurations and small amplitude vibration tests. In the end, the model proves to be well correlated with the experimental results in opposite sense bending, while in equal sense, both the experimental set-up and the numerical model are particularly sensitive to the initial conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailA Novel Accelerometer-Based Method for Stride Length Estimation
Boutaayamou, Mohamed ULiege; Schwartz, Cédric ULiege; Denoël, Vincent ULiege et al

Poster (2017, July 14)

We demonstrate the feasibility of accurately and precisely estimating the left/right average stride length from measured heel/toe accelerations in the gait of healthy, old adults. Our approach relies on ... [more ▼]

We demonstrate the feasibility of accurately and precisely estimating the left/right average stride length from measured heel/toe accelerations in the gait of healthy, old adults. Our approach relies on (1) a novel method that uses only accelerometer data without the need of additional data from, e.g., gyroscopes and/or magnetometers, and on (2) the validation of the results using reference 3D optoelectronic system data. [less ▲]

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See detailMaximal voluntary isometric contraction tests for normalizing surface EMG of scapular stabilizers muscles
Schwartz, Cédric ULiege; Tubez, François ULiege; Soulier, Maxime et al

Conference (2017, July 04)

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See detailAverage first-passage time of a quasi-Hamiltonian Mathieu oscillator with parametric and forcing excitations
Vanvinckenroye, Hélène ULiege; Denoël, Vincent ULiege

in Journal of Sound and Vibration (2017)

A linear oscillator simultaneously subjected to stochastic forcing and parametric excitation is considered. The time required for this system to evolve from a low initial energy level until a higher ... [more ▼]

A linear oscillator simultaneously subjected to stochastic forcing and parametric excitation is considered. The time required for this system to evolve from a low initial energy level until a higher energy state for the first time is a random variable. Its expectation satisfies the Pontryagin equation of the problem, which is solved with the asymptotic expansion method developed by Khasminskii. This allowed deriving closed-form expressions for the expected first passage time. A comprehensive parameter analysis of these solutions is performed. Beside identifying the important dimensionless groups governing the problem, it also highlights three important regimes which are called incubation, multiplicative and additive because of their specific features. Those three regimes are discussed with the parameters of the problem. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental characterisation of tape spring nonlinear compliant mechanisms
Dewalque, Florence ULiege; Schwartz, Cédric ULiege; Denoël, Vincent ULiege et al

Conference (2017, June 29)

Tape springs are compliant mechanisms used as alternative to kinematic joints, for example, in deployable space structures. To reach a detailed understanding of their highly nonlinear behaviour, involving ... [more ▼]

Tape springs are compliant mechanisms used as alternative to kinematic joints, for example, in deployable space structures. To reach a detailed understanding of their highly nonlinear behaviour, involving buckling, the formation of folds, nonlinear vibrations and hysteresis, an experimental set-up is designed. Dynamic and quasi-static tests are performed, as well as small amplitude vibration tests and large amplitude deployments in order to collect data in a broad variety of cases. The acquisition equipment consists of a 3D motion analysis system which triangulates the position of active markers and a force plate. The reproducibility of the acquisitions is assessed and the parameters affecting the measurements are identified. In the end, a finite element model is developed and correlated with the experimental results. [less ▲]

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See detailRelevance of early stretching in overhead athletes
Schwartz, Cédric ULiege; Tubez, François ULiege; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULiege et al

Conference (2017, June 16)

Overhead athletes often develop, over time, a tightness of the posterior structures of the shoulder, which may be associated with injuries. Ten symptomatic (with pain) and ten asymptomatic players with a ... [more ▼]

Overhead athletes often develop, over time, a tightness of the posterior structures of the shoulder, which may be associated with injuries. Ten symptomatic (with pain) and ten asymptomatic players with a tight shoulder were compared and the effect of a self-applied stretching program was evaluated. Before and after the stretching program, pain and stiffness of the shoulder were evaluated. Our results demonstrate that risk factors for shoulder pain such as glenohumeral internal rotation deficit and total range of motion deficit may only be limited in symptomatic athletes. The mobility of the shoulder was significantly improved after the stretching program for both groups. Pain was reduced when present. Because of the limited differences between the symptomatic and asymptomatic athletes, clinicians may find it advantageous to initiate early prevention or rehabilitation programs. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of the laboratory context and the size of the markers set on the tennis serve evaluation
Tubez, François ULiege; Forthomme, Bénédicte ULiege; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULiege et al

Conference (2017, June 15)

The purpose of this study was to identify the influence on the tennis serve evaluation of 1/ the test environment and 2/ the number of the markers placed of the player. Two different studies were ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study was to identify the influence on the tennis serve evaluation of 1/ the test environment and 2/ the number of the markers placed of the player. Two different studies were performed. The first compared a 4 vs. 28 marker set in a laboratory the same day. The second compared a 4 markers test in a laboratory with a 4 markers test on an official tennis court one week apart. We observed similar results between the different tests of both studies. [less ▲]

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See detailEccentric training for tendon healing after lesion: a rat model
Kaux, Jean-François ULiege; Libertiaux, Vincent ULiege; Leprince, Pierre ULiege et al

in American Journal of Sports Medicine (2017), 45(6), 1440-1446

BACKGROUND:The tendon is a dynamic entity that remodels permanently. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection has been shown to have a beneficial effect on tendon healing after lesion in rats. Furthermore ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND:The tendon is a dynamic entity that remodels permanently. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection has been shown to have a beneficial effect on tendon healing after lesion in rats. Furthermore, eccentric exercise seems to improve the mechanical quality of the tendon. HYPOTHESIS:A combination of PRP injection and eccentric training might be more effective than either treatment alone. STUDY DESIGN:Controlled laboratory study. METHODS:Adult male rats were anesthetized, an incision was performed in the middle of their left patellar tendon and an injection of physiological fluid (PF) or homologous PRP was randomly made at the lesion level. The rats were then divided into 2 groups: the eccentric group, undergoing eccentric training 3 times a week, and the untrained group, without any training. Thus, 4 groups were compared. After 5 weeks, the tendons were removed and their ultimate tensile strength and energy were measured. Tendons were frozen for proteomic analyses when all biomechanical tests were completed. Statistical analysis was performed with linear mixed effect models. RESULTS:No significant difference was found between the treatments using PF injection or PRP injection alone. However, the value of the ultimate tensile force at rupture was increased by 4.5 N (108% of control, P = .006) when eccentric training was performed. An intragroup analysis revealed that eccentric training significantly improved the ultimate force values for the PRP group. Proteomic analysis revealed that eccentric training led to an increase in abundance of several cytoskeletal proteins in the PF group, while a decrease in abundance of enzymes of the glycolytic pathway occurred in the PRP treated groups, indicating that this treatment might redirect the exercise-driven metabolic plasticity of the tendon. CONCLUSION: Eccentric training altered the metabolic plasticity of tendon and led to an improvement of injured tendon resistance regardless of the treatment injected (PF or PRP). CLINICAL RELEVANCE:This study demonstrates the necessity of eccentric rehabilitation and training in cases of tendon lesion regardless of the treatment carried out. [less ▲]

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