References of "Delvenne, Pierre"
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See detailMoving cells to the market: an inquiry into the circulation and valuation of stem cells
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Hendrickx, Kim ULiege; Parotte, Céline ULiege

Conference (2021, June 17)

Innovation in the life sciences in general and stem cell science in particular is driven by an interlinked set of market demands with regulatory arrangements. Predominant among these markets are research ... [more ▼]

Innovation in the life sciences in general and stem cell science in particular is driven by an interlinked set of market demands with regulatory arrangements. Predominant among these markets are research funding, scientific labor, research materials, clinical labor, venture capital, patenting and, last but not least, patients. In other words, biological materials and biomedical products have become key sites of capital accumulation and encapsulate huge hopes for new health therapies and economic growth. Yet very little scholarly attention has been paid to the movement of human tissues from the clinic to the market — the various steps from sampling to storage, packaging, transportation and commercialization — and the successive stages to ‘realize value’. To address this shortage, we suggest to empirically investigate stem cells not as objects in their own right, but as co-constituted with infrastructures that translate and valorize them. We develop a framework to detect multiple, potentially conflicting, notions of ‘value’ and focus on the difficulties and negotiations to objectify this multiplicity in standards of economic value (e.g. in financial terms such as price and reimbursement). Relying on prolonged ethnographic research conducted in parallel in a laboratory of gene and cell therapy at a university hospital and in a clinical stage pharmaceutical company, this presentation will empirically allow to question how, why and with what consequences stem cells circulate and gain value by following their journey from donors to the market. Informed by science and technology studies, valuation studies and the material turn in social science, our results will illuminate the mutual shaping of moving stem cells markets, medical and regulatory practices. [less ▲]

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See detailCells and researchers in motion: making sense of the circulation and valuation of stem cells through mobile and intersecting ethnographies
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Macq, Hadrien ULiege; Parotte, Céline ULiege

Conference (2021, February 15)

Novel entities like stem-cells and related medical therapies have become key sites of biomedical innovation and capital accumulation (Salter et al. 2015). Little attention has yet been paid to how ... [more ▼]

Novel entities like stem-cells and related medical therapies have become key sites of biomedical innovation and capital accumulation (Salter et al. 2015). Little attention has yet been paid to how biological materials circulate and acquire value, what kinds of value, and for whom. Following Appadurai (1986)’s methodological principle that things-in-motion illuminate their human and social context, we follow the trajectories and analyze the social life of human cells as they leave bodies to be stored, modified, transported, frozen or injected. [less ▲]

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See detailSpecial Section on Participatory Innovation
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Parotte, Céline ULiege; Macq, Hadrien ULiege

in Science as Culture (2021)

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See detailElaborer un protocole de déconfinement participatif au GIGA. Synthèse de l'enquête Delphi "cadrage" et "valider les mesures"
Parotte, Céline ULiege; Fallon, Catherine ULiege; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege et al

Report (2020)

How to deconfine safely? At present, many countries are considering a deconfinement strategy, with only few having implemented it. The "best practices", thus, still need to be defined. In this context ... [more ▼]

How to deconfine safely? At present, many countries are considering a deconfinement strategy, with only few having implemented it. The "best practices", thus, still need to be defined. In this context, the GIGA community would like to carry out "a deconfinement experience in real time". Concretely, the GIGA proposes to collectively define its "deconfinement" methods, and to deploy them, by designing and implementing a deconfinement protocol. The report presents the results on the online survey on "Community engagement in designing a modus operandi to lift GIGA's lockdown. Based on the Delphi Method, the GIGA community members have been invited to identify their expectations on the future protocol and suggested concrete measures for the deconfinement protocol. There were 381 people who completed the first round of the survey (56,70% participation rate) and 340 for the second round of the survey. [less ▲]

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See detailBreaking Bad with the Participatory Turn? Accelerating Time and Intensifying Value in Participatory Experiments
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Macq, Hadrien ULiege

in Science as Culture (2020), 29(2), 245-268

Science and technology studies (STS) scholars have long advocated a ‘participatory turn’ in science, technology and innovation. Decisively informed by STS, participatory experiments across the world have ... [more ▼]

Science and technology studies (STS) scholars have long advocated a ‘participatory turn’ in science, technology and innovation. Decisively informed by STS, participatory experiments across the world have sought to overcome the limitations of technocratic approaches and traditional innovation processes, to allow for new forms of democratic engagement. Yet the interplay between modes of participatory experiments and their wider political- economic ordering is significantly evolving. Alongside traditional deliberative experiments of the so-called ‘participatory turn,’ participation is now also organized in various collective experiments during which technologies are tested, e.g. in ‘living-labs’ or ‘hackathons.’ Currently, participatory experiments are shaped by a double trend of accelerating time and intensifying value; they are now often organized as intense events seeking to extract as much value as possible from participants. This trend indicates a broader shift in the way participatory experiments are imagined, designed and implemented, away from participation in decision-making to participation in innovation-making, as well as a shift from civic values to productivist values with the pervasive expectation that publics should increasingly act as innovators and entrepreneurs. The relative abandonment of democratization warrants STS co-productionist analyses that question the values and objectives of participatory experiments in addition to their formats, issues, and publics. [less ▲]

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See detailSuspended commodification: assetization and the politics of silobolsa in Argentine soybean agriculture
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

in Journal of Cultural Economy (2020)

Based on a rich empirical description of processes of soybean commodification in Argentina, the article puts a neglected technological device at the centre of the analysis: “silobolsas”, allowing farmers ... [more ▼]

Based on a rich empirical description of processes of soybean commodification in Argentina, the article puts a neglected technological device at the centre of the analysis: “silobolsas”, allowing farmers to conserve their harvest in plastic bags with specific properties. Rather than mere commodities, soybeans stored in “silobolsas” become temporary assets, resources having/gaining value as property. The politics of silobolsa exhibits that commodities and assets nestle beside each other, but also incorporate each other’s characteristics, change into each other, or confuse different actors about their commodity-versus-asset identities. Three particular contributions to the existing literature on commodities can be singled out: first, immobility can be as illuminating as movement to make sense of the sociotechnical context of commodities. Second, the lack of exchange is a form of politics that participates to the social practices configuring the value of commodities. Third, complex temporal processes of commodification and assetization can significantly mark the social life of the same ‘thing’. These findings speak to the most recent mutations of contemporary capitalism that is itself increasingly characterized by the (re)configuration of a range of things as assets or capitalized property. [less ▲]

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See detailEntre nécessité et opportunités : la digitalisation de la Justice belge par l’Ordre des avocats
Dubois, Christophe ULiege; Mansvelt, Valérie ULiege; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

in Droit et Société (2019), 103(3), 555-572

For twenty years, the public policies for the modernisation of the Belgian judicial system have essentially aimed to introduce managerial, IT and digital tools within the courts. Since 2016, a part of ... [more ▼]

For twenty years, the public policies for the modernisation of the Belgian judicial system have essentially aimed to introduce managerial, IT and digital tools within the courts. Since 2016, a part of this modernisation policy has been based on the cooperation of the legal professions. This is how French and Dutch-speaking Bar Associations are responsible for designing, developing and managing two platforms enabling the filing and exchange of documents. The article analyses how Bar Associations have gradually become the central and indispensable actors in a digitalisation process considered as “inevitable”. Our analysis sheds light on the interdependence of the strategies of the Bar Associations that, beyond the asymmetry of their resources, have managed to seize “windows of opportunity”. Finally, we highlight the triple position of political, financial and moral entrepreneurs that is shaping their legitimacy today. This triple posture characterizes the role and commitment of the Bar Associations in the digitalization policy of the judicial institution, which is part of the rise of discourse, tools and organizational and managerial practices presented as “necessary”. [less ▲]

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See detailImaginer à contre-courant : construisons une ère numérique politique et post-silicoloniale
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

Article for general public (2019)

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See detailAlibaba, un projet d’avenir pour la Wallonie ?
Alardeau, Marc; Charlier, Adélaïde; Culot, Charles et al

Article for general public (2019)

Dans la matinée du mercredi 5 décembre 2018, le gouvernement fédéral vacille. Le Premier ministre doit prendre la parole devant la Chambre, mais ce matin-là, Charles Michel est à l’aéroport de Liège, pour ... [more ▼]

Dans la matinée du mercredi 5 décembre 2018, le gouvernement fédéral vacille. Le Premier ministre doit prendre la parole devant la Chambre, mais ce matin-là, Charles Michel est à l’aéroport de Liège, pour la signature de l’arrivée du géant chinois du commerce en ligne, Alibaba, via sa filiale Cainiao. « Un jour historique », selon lui. [less ▲]

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See detailBalancing Engagement and Neutrality in Technology Assessment
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Grunwald, Armin

in TATuP. Zeitschrift für Technikfolgenabschätzung in Theorie und Praxis (2019), 28(1), 71-74

At the TA18 conference on “Technology Assessment and Normativity”, held in Vienna in June 2018, an equally spontaneous and memorable controversy arose between Armin Grunwald and Pierre Delvenne concerning ... [more ▼]

At the TA18 conference on “Technology Assessment and Normativity”, held in Vienna in June 2018, an equally spontaneous and memorable controversy arose between Armin Grunwald and Pierre Delvenne concerning the roles of neutrality and democracy in technology assessment (TA), its philosophical foundations, and TA’s obligation to be inclusive. How do TA’s obligation to democracy and its operational neutrality relate to each other, where do they interfere, and what are the practical consequences? And what does this imply for TA’s future? Should we shape TA today according to the ideals of a strong democracy that advocates value-oriented solutions while not shying away from conflicts? Or should we rather strive for a fundamental normative orientation toward democracy, which, however, for this very reason follows the neutrality principle in TA practice and does not favor certain pathways? As editors of TATuP’s special issue on normativity in technology assessment, our intention has been to make this debate accessible to a wider readership by confronting the two researchers once more with the core issues of their dispute. Interview by Linda Nierling (ITAS, KIT) and Helge Torgersen (ITA, Vienna). [less ▲]

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See detailBreaking the myth of neutrality: Technology Assessment has politics, Technology Assessment as politics
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Parotte, Céline ULiege

in Technological Forecasting and Social Change (2019), 139

This article aims at theoretically and pragmatically addressing the future roles of Technology Assessment (TA) communities in the challenging context of contemporary politics. Mobilizing Chantal Mouffe’s ... [more ▼]

This article aims at theoretically and pragmatically addressing the future roles of Technology Assessment (TA) communities in the challenging context of contemporary politics. Mobilizing Chantal Mouffe’s theory of pluralistic agonism, we argue that TA communities should break with the myth of neutrality to render their political identities explicit and to recognize that TA does not only have politics, it also is politics. To do so, the notion of ‘constitutive outside’ is mobilized as a guiding methodological principle to invent a politics of TA. Three sites of politics where to define such a ‘constitutive outside’ are suggested: the values, the visions of the future, and the hegemonic and counter-hegemonic practices. We conclude that with a full awareness of its politics, TA communities should be able, on the one hand, to gain the trust and active support of political actors committed to the same ideals of democracy and knowledge-based policy-making. On the other hand, TA communities will also be able to distinguish TA supporters and adversaries and, consequently, reinforce their power of influence on policy-making. In a time of political uncertainty and epistemic ambiguity, TA communities may become a bastion of democratic politics. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse socio-institutionnelle de l’Office parlementaire d’évaluation des choix scientifiques et technologiques (OPECST)
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

in Histoire de la Recherche Contemporaine: la Revue pour l'Histoire du CNRS (2019), VIII(1), 9-18

France was the first country in Europe to establish a parliamentary office of technology assessment. This article traces back the history of OPECST, details its modes of operation and explains the ... [more ▼]

France was the first country in Europe to establish a parliamentary office of technology assessment. This article traces back the history of OPECST, details its modes of operation and explains the specificities of the TA model which developed in France from the 1980s onwards. While the practice of TA in Europe often consists in delegating the production of knowledge to scientific experts, supposed to enlighten policy makers, in France the situation is different. Indeed, the members of the Office are entrusted, in addition to their usual activities as parliamentarians, with the delicate task of evaluating technological choices and integrating them into the decision-making process. The French TA model thus differ from those of the other TA offices because, over time, OPECST has been able to combine in its reports scientific rigor with a more political tone facilitating the reappropriation of its work by parliamentarians. [less ▲]

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See detailToward a political economy of frictions in the global bioeconomy
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Aarden, Erik

Conference (2019)

The notion of the bioeconomy, referring to the potential of commercial applications coming out of life sciences research, has become a prominent element in innovation and economic development strategies ... [more ▼]

The notion of the bioeconomy, referring to the potential of commercial applications coming out of life sciences research, has become a prominent element in innovation and economic development strategies. It does not only circulate widely around the world, it is also simultaneously imagined in terms of the global circulation of knowledge and technologies. Yet the global dimensions of the bioeconomic imaginary are simultaneously rooted in local manifestations of life science practices and the bioeconomy discourse and notions of the global. We propose to apply Anna Tsing’s concept of ‘friction’ to make sense of the connections between particulars and universals in the bioeconomy. Tsing proposes this concept to understand how situated historical practices render political-economic projects of seemingly universal appeal practically effective, enacting their global connections in contradictory ways. As it illuminates the relations between the local and the global, the concept can be brought in conversation with key issues in STS, including the assemblage of universals, the global circulation of technoscience, and sociotechnical imaginaries. We explore the potential of friction in the context of STS analysis of the bioeconomy by bringing together two cases; the bioeconomy of soy in Argentina, and the bioeconomy of human tissue in Singapore. In Argentina, policymakers instrumentally use ‘bioeconomy’ to entrench a networked form of agribusiness and transcend ideological patterns of classical Peronism. Through its frictional encounter with global biotechnological packages, the long-standing imaginary of Argentina as the granary of the world was significantly refreshed. In Singapore, a national biobank was established in 2001 to advance a national economic strategy rooted in biomedical research. Within this biobank, the global meaning of local research practices became contested and mediated through a national imagination of ‘Asianness’. In conclusion, we consider what a focus on frictions may contribute to STS analysis of the bioeconomy, and beyond. [less ▲]

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See detailFrictions in the global bioeconomy; Tracing sociotechnical connections in agriculture and biomedicine in Argentina and Singapore
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Aarden, Erik

Conference (2019)

The notion of the bioeconomy, referring to the potential of commercial applications coming out of life sciences research, has become a prominent element in innovation and economic development strategies ... [more ▼]

The notion of the bioeconomy, referring to the potential of commercial applications coming out of life sciences research, has become a prominent element in innovation and economic development strategies. It does not only circulate widely around the world, it is also simultaneously imagined in terms of the global circulation of knowledge and technologies. Yet the global dimensions of the bioeconomic imaginary are simultaneously rooted in local manifestations of life science practices and the bioeconomy discourse and notions of the global. We propose to apply Anna Tsing’s concept of ‘friction’ to make sense of the connections between particulars and universals in the bioeconomy. Tsing proposes this concept to understand how situated historical practices render political-economic projects of seemingly universal appeal practically effective, enacting their global connections in contradictory ways. As it illuminates the relations between the local and the global, the concept can be brought in conversation with key issues in STS, including the assemblage of universals, the global circulation of technoscience, and sociotechnical imaginaries. We explore the potential of friction in the context of STS analysis of the bioeconomy by bringing together two cases; the bioeconomy of soy in Argentina, and the bioeconomy of human tissue in Singapore. In Argentina, policymakers instrumentally use ‘bioeconomy’ to entrench a networked form of agribusiness and transcend ideological patterns of classical Peronism. Through its frictional encounter with global biotechnological packages, the long-standing imaginary of Argentina as the granary of the world was significantly refreshed. In Singapore, a national biobank was established in 2001 to advance a national economic strategy rooted in biomedical research. Within this biobank, the global meaning of local research practices became contested and mediated through a national imagination of ‘Asianness’. In conclusion, we consider what a focus on frictions may contribute to STS analysis of the bioeconomy, and beyond. [less ▲]

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See detailFlanders Ahead, Wallonia Behind (But Catching up): Reconstructing Communities Through Science, Technology and Innovation Policymaking
Van Oudheusden, Michiel ULiege; Charlier, Nathan ULiege; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

in Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society (2019)

Drawing on a documentary analysis of two socio-economic policy programs, one Flemish (“Vlaanderen In Actie”), the other Walloon (“Marshall Plans”), and a discourse analysis of how these programs are ... [more ▼]

Drawing on a documentary analysis of two socio-economic policy programs, one Flemish (“Vlaanderen In Actie”), the other Walloon (“Marshall Plans”), and a discourse analysis of how these programs are received in one Flemish and one Francophone quality newspaper, this article illustrates how Flanders and Wallonia both seek to become top- performing knowledge-based economies (KBEs). The paper discerns a number of discursive repertoires, such as “Catching up,” which policy actors draw on to legitimize or question the transformation of Flanders and Wallonia into KBEs. The “Catching up” repertoire places Flanders resolutely ahead of Wallonia in the global race towards knowledge, excellence, and growth, but suggests that Wallonia may, in due course, overtake Flanders as a top competitive region. Given the expectations and fears that “Catching up” evokes among Flemish and Walloon policy actors, the repertoire serves these actors as a flexible discursive resource to make sense of, and shape, their collective futures and their regional identities. The article’s findings underline the simultaneity of, and the interplay between, globalizing forces and particularizing tendencies, as Flanders and Wallonia develop with a global KBE in region-specific ways. [less ▲]

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See detailMaking the invisible visible: Normativities in and of Technology Assessment
Lucivero, Federica; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Van Oudheusden, Michiel ULiege

in TATuP. Zeitschrift für Technikfolgenabschätzung in Theorie und Praxis (2019), 28(1), 21-26

Technology assessment (TA) is an analytic and interactive practice that produces evaluative judgments about the societal implications of technology. Despite this distinct evaluative disposition ... [more ▼]

Technology assessment (TA) is an analytic and interactive practice that produces evaluative judgments about the societal implications of technology. Despite this distinct evaluative disposition, ‘normativities’ inherent in TA programs and practices often remain hidden. As a consequence, TA practice and outcomes often overlook a range of methodological, ethical, and political issues. In an attempt to remedy this shortcoming, this article explores how TA aims to improve political decision making in science and technology (meta-normativity) and is imbued with the values, norms and moral positions of both participants and TA practitioners (in-normativity). It provides recommendations to render the inherent normativities in TA more visible, and thereby amenable to reconsideration and change. [less ▲]

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See detailCo-Produced Legitimacies: Parliamentary Technology Assessment and Nuclear Waste Management in France
Parotte, Céline ULiege; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

in Science and Public Policy (2018), 45(6), 853-862

In this article we question the roles and engagement of the French Parliamentary office of Technology Assessment (PTA) in governing Nuclear Waste Management (NWM) over an extended timeframe (1990-2017 ... [more ▼]

In this article we question the roles and engagement of the French Parliamentary office of Technology Assessment (PTA) in governing Nuclear Waste Management (NWM) over an extended timeframe (1990-2017). We argue that the trajectories of the PTA and the NWM program are so intertwined that we gain analytical purchase from understanding them together. Our empirical analysis looks at three episodes of co-production of technological and political practices: (1) the PTA as an independent assessor (1990); (2) the PTA as a regular follower (1996-2005); (3) the PTA as a whistle-blower (2007-2017). We find that maintaining or redrawing boundaries between science and policy have increasingly been necessary but difficult in the course of the PTA’s mainstreaming into the policy-making landscape and the nuclear establishment. We conclude by examining the implications for PTAs of a possible shift from concerns about democratizing expertise to politicizing knowledge for policy. [less ▲]

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See detailDébat : Faut-il éduquer au numérique?
Hurel, Pierre-Yves ULiege; Vallaud-Belkacem, Najat; Coulée, Philippe et al

Diverse speeche and writing (2018)

"La révolution digitale a bouleversé tous les aspects de nos vies, mais souvent l’éducation peine à en embrasser pleinement les conséquences. Il ne suffit pas d’être « digital native » – comme le sont les ... [more ▼]

"La révolution digitale a bouleversé tous les aspects de nos vies, mais souvent l’éducation peine à en embrasser pleinement les conséquences. Il ne suffit pas d’être « digital native » – comme le sont les enfants aujourd’hui – pour maîtriser les outils numériques et leurs implications. Le numérique peut être une formidable opportunité, encore faut-il savoir la saisir. C’est pourquoi nous avons besoin d’une stratégie numérique éducative claire, n’idéalisant en rien cette révolution, mais ne cédant pas non plus au catastrophisme. Tirant les leçons de son expérience de Ministre de l’éducation, et dans la continuité des actions conduites jusqu’en 2017, Najat Vallaud-Belkacem plaide pour une école qui s’empare réellement du numérique, afin d’en prévenir les risques et d’en faire un levier d’émancipation et d’accès pour tous à la société de la connaissance." [less ▲]

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