References of "Delvenne, Pierre"
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See detailBalancing Engagement and Neutrality in Technology Assessment
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Grunwald, Armin

in TATuP. Zeitschrift für Technikfolgenabschätzung in Theorie und Praxis (2019), 28(1), 71-74

At the TA18 conference on “Technology Assessment and Normativity”, held in Vienna in June 2018, an equally spontaneous and memorable controversy arose between Armin Grunwald and Pierre Delvenne concerning ... [more ▼]

At the TA18 conference on “Technology Assessment and Normativity”, held in Vienna in June 2018, an equally spontaneous and memorable controversy arose between Armin Grunwald and Pierre Delvenne concerning the roles of neutrality and democracy in technology assessment (TA), its philosophical foundations, and TA’s obligation to be inclusive. How do TA’s obligation to democracy and its operational neutrality relate to each other, where do they interfere, and what are the practical consequences? And what does this imply for TA’s future? Should we shape TA today according to the ideals of a strong democracy that advocates value-oriented solutions while not shying away from conflicts? Or should we rather strive for a fundamental normative orientation toward democracy, which, however, for this very reason follows the neutrality principle in TA practice and does not favor certain pathways? As editors of TATuP’s special issue on normativity in technology assessment, our intention has been to make this debate accessible to a wider readership by confronting the two researchers once more with the core issues of their dispute. Interview by Linda Nierling (ITAS, KIT) and Helge Torgersen (ITA, Vienna). [less ▲]

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See detailBreaking the myth of neutrality: Technology Assessment has politics, Technology Assessment as politics
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Parotte, Céline ULiege

in Technological Forecasting and Social Change (2019), 139

This article aims at theoretically and pragmatically addressing the future roles of Technology Assessment (TA) communities in the challenging context of contemporary politics. Mobilizing Chantal Mouffe’s ... [more ▼]

This article aims at theoretically and pragmatically addressing the future roles of Technology Assessment (TA) communities in the challenging context of contemporary politics. Mobilizing Chantal Mouffe’s theory of pluralistic agonism, we argue that TA communities should break with the myth of neutrality to render their political identities explicit and to recognize that TA does not only have politics, it also is politics. To do so, the notion of ‘constitutive outside’ is mobilized as a guiding methodological principle to invent a politics of TA. Three sites of politics where to define such a ‘constitutive outside’ are suggested: the values, the visions of the future, and the hegemonic and counter-hegemonic practices. We conclude that with a full awareness of its politics, TA communities should be able, on the one hand, to gain the trust and active support of political actors committed to the same ideals of democracy and knowledge-based policy-making. On the other hand, TA communities will also be able to distinguish TA supporters and adversaries and, consequently, reinforce their power of influence on policy-making. In a time of political uncertainty and epistemic ambiguity, TA communities may become a bastion of democratic politics. [less ▲]

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See detailFlanders Ahead, Wallonia Behind (But Catching up): Reconstructing Communities Through Science, Technology and Innovation Policymaking
Van Oudheusden, Michiel ULiege; Charlier, Nathan ULiege; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

in Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society (2019)

Drawing on a documentary analysis of two socio-economic policy programs, one Flemish (“Vlaanderen In Actie”), the other Walloon (“Marshall Plans”), and a discourse analysis of how these programs are ... [more ▼]

Drawing on a documentary analysis of two socio-economic policy programs, one Flemish (“Vlaanderen In Actie”), the other Walloon (“Marshall Plans”), and a discourse analysis of how these programs are received in one Flemish and one Francophone quality newspaper, this article illustrates how Flanders and Wallonia both seek to become top- performing knowledge-based economies (KBEs). The paper discerns a number of discursive repertoires, such as “Catching up,” which policy actors draw on to legitimize or question the transformation of Flanders and Wallonia into KBEs. The “Catching up” repertoire places Flanders resolutely ahead of Wallonia in the global race towards knowledge, excellence, and growth, but suggests that Wallonia may, in due course, overtake Flanders as a top competitive region. Given the expectations and fears that “Catching up” evokes among Flemish and Walloon policy actors, the repertoire serves these actors as a flexible discursive resource to make sense of, and shape, their collective futures and their regional identities. The article’s findings underline the simultaneity of, and the interplay between, globalizing forces and particularizing tendencies, as Flanders and Wallonia develop with a global KBE in region-specific ways. [less ▲]

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See detailMaking the invisible visible: Normativities in and of Technology Assessment
Lucivero, Federica; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Van Oudheusden, Michiel ULiege

in TATuP. Zeitschrift für Technikfolgenabschätzung in Theorie und Praxis (2019), 28(1), 21-26

Technology assessment (TA) is an analytic and interactive practice that produces evaluative judgments about the societal implications of technology. Despite this distinct evaluative disposition ... [more ▼]

Technology assessment (TA) is an analytic and interactive practice that produces evaluative judgments about the societal implications of technology. Despite this distinct evaluative disposition, ‘normativities’ inherent in TA programs and practices often remain hidden. As a consequence, TA practice and outcomes often overlook a range of methodological, ethical, and political issues. In an attempt to remedy this shortcoming, this article explores how TA aims to improve political decision making in science and technology (meta-normativity) and is imbued with the values, norms and moral positions of both participants and TA practitioners (in-normativity). It provides recommendations to render the inherent normativities in TA more visible, and thereby amenable to reconsideration and change. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse socio-institutionnelle de l’Office parlementaire d’évaluation des choix scientifiques et technologiques (OPECST)
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

in Histoire de la Recherche Contemporaine: la Revue pour l'Histoire du CNRS (2019), VIII(1),

France was the first country in Europe to establish a parliamentary office of technology assessment. This article traces back the history of OPECST, details its modes of operation and explains the ... [more ▼]

France was the first country in Europe to establish a parliamentary office of technology assessment. This article traces back the history of OPECST, details its modes of operation and explains the specificities of the TA model which developed in France from the 1980s onwards. While the practice of TA in Europe often consists in delegating the production of knowledge to scientific experts, supposed to enlighten policy makers, in France the situation is different. Indeed, the members of the Office are entrusted, in addition to their usual activities as parliamentarians, with the delicate task of evaluating technological choices and integrating them into the decision-making process. The French TA model thus differ from those of the other TA offices because, over time, OPECST has been able to combine in its reports scientific rigor with a more political tone facilitating the reappropriation of its work by parliamentarians. [less ▲]

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See detailCo-Produced Legitimacies: Parliamentary Technology Assessment and Nuclear Waste Management in France
Parotte, Céline ULiege; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

in Science and Public Policy (2018), 45(6), 853-862

In this article we question the roles and engagement of the French Parliamentary office of Technology Assessment (PTA) in governing Nuclear Waste Management (NWM) over an extended timeframe (1990-2017 ... [more ▼]

In this article we question the roles and engagement of the French Parliamentary office of Technology Assessment (PTA) in governing Nuclear Waste Management (NWM) over an extended timeframe (1990-2017). We argue that the trajectories of the PTA and the NWM program are so intertwined that we gain analytical purchase from understanding them together. Our empirical analysis looks at three episodes of co-production of technological and political practices: (1) the PTA as an independent assessor (1990); (2) the PTA as a regular follower (1996-2005); (3) the PTA as a whistle-blower (2007-2017). We find that maintaining or redrawing boundaries between science and policy have increasingly been necessary but difficult in the course of the PTA’s mainstreaming into the policy-making landscape and the nuclear establishment. We conclude by examining the implications for PTAs of a possible shift from concerns about democratizing expertise to politicizing knowledge for policy. [less ▲]

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See detailConjuring bioeconomies through frictions
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

Conference (2018, August)

Bioeconomy as a political-economic project generates and performs distinctive distributions of value, power and agency. Under neoliberalism, bioeconomy not only turns nature and knowledge into new ... [more ▼]

Bioeconomy as a political-economic project generates and performs distinctive distributions of value, power and agency. Under neoliberalism, bioeconomy not only turns nature and knowledge into new fictitious commodities (Pavone and Goven 2014, 2017), it also triggers fictional expectations about the future (Beckert 2016). As a narrative package, however well dramatized, the bioeconomy project cannot simply take over the world. To be effective, it needs to be activated and enacted in different and contradictory ways. Following Anna Tsing (2004), I argue that bioeconomy is made through “friction” between a global project originating in Western conjuring centers (European Commission, OECD) and “the sticky materiality of practical encounters” at the peripheries. Focusing on the case study of genetically modified (GM) soy in Argentina, I will analyze bioeconomy as a site of struggles, as much to make sociotechnical futures as to recapitulate the past. In my situated inquiry of agricultural bioeconomy in Argentina, struggles materialize in attempts to re-think agriculture as-we-knew-it, and to re-name it as “agro-industry” (Delvenne 2017). The presentation will explore these developments as evidence of an attempt to reject the idea of agriculture as the reactionary stronghold of a backward bourgeoisie and instead embrace agriculture as generative of an industrial avant-garde that promises political-economic transcendence. I will conclude with stressing theoretical and methodological challenges for STS scholarship to carry out ethnographies of global connections within and across bioeconomies. [less ▲]

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See detailImaginarios de innovación que viajan: Nuevas practicas experimentales de co-creación en Wallonia (Bélgica)
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Macq, Hadrien ULiege

Conference (2018, July 20)

Desde el fin de los años 2000, nuevas formas de producir innovación empezaron a ser promovidas por las autoridades públicas. Espacialmente en la Unión Europea, varias autoridades empezaron a promover y ... [more ▼]

Desde el fin de los años 2000, nuevas formas de producir innovación empezaron a ser promovidas por las autoridades públicas. Espacialmente en la Unión Europea, varias autoridades empezaron a promover y establecer prácticas de co-creación de innovación, que consisten en incluir diversos públicos (que pueden ser llamados, en los discursos públicos, ‘usuarios’, ‘stakeholders’, ‘sociedad civil’ o ‘ciudadanos’) directamente en los procesos de producción de innovación. Estas prácticas están arraigadas en conceptos como ‘innovación abierta’ o ‘ciencias participativas’. Están desarrolladas en lugares como Living Labs, Fab Labs o Hackerspaces, que son concebidos como laboratorios locales de innovación. Las prácticas de co-creación son frecuentemente analizadas, en la literatura científica, a la luz de sus facultades a producir innovaciones más rentables, más aceptables o más responsables. Pero faltan investigaciones que consideren las visiones y representaciones sociales y políticas que estas prácticas traen. Por lo tanto, el objetivo de esta ponencia es de analizar la relación de estas prácticas con los imaginarios socio-técnicos que influyen su promoción. Más precisamente, esta ponencia propone analizar los discursos por los cuales las autoridades públicas promueven las prácticas de co-creación de innovación para caracterizar a los imaginarios de innovación más largos que sustentan a estas prácticas. Al hacerlo, permite aprehender los futuros deseados que están prometidos por estas nuevas formas de producir innovación. A través de un análisis comparativo entre la Comisión Europea y la región de Wallonia, basado sobre discursos oficiales y entrevistas con autoridades y actores de terreno, esta ponencia muestra que las prácticas de co-creación están incluidas, en ambos casos, en imaginarios más largos que insistan en el imperativo de la innovación para la salud económica y social de los territorios. Pero también muestra que estas prácticas están justificadas de manera diferente en ambos casos, lo que pone en evidencia particulares locales en la manera por la cual estás prácticas y los imaginarios que las acompañan se conciben. De esta manera, la ponencia se inscribe en la línea de trabajos recientes en el campo de los estudios de Ciencia, Tecnología y Sociedad. Subraya tan las prácticas de participación pública en los procesos de innovación como los imaginarios que son articulados localmente y que influyan la construcción de las políticas públicas de innovación. [less ▲]

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See detailParticipation as a lab and a democratic experiment
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Macq, Hadrien ULiege; Parotte, Céline ULiege

Conference (2018, June 30)

In the last two decades, STS scholars pointed at a “participatory turn” in science, technology and innovation (Irwin 2001, Jasanoff 2003, Wynne 2006). Decisively informed by STS, participatory experiments ... [more ▼]

In the last two decades, STS scholars pointed at a “participatory turn” in science, technology and innovation (Irwin 2001, Jasanoff 2003, Wynne 2006). Decisively informed by STS, participatory experiments across the world were usually framed against the limitations of technocratic approaches and traditional innovation processes, to allow for new forms of democratic engagement. Informed by a co-productionist perspective on participation (Jasanoff 2004, Felt and Fochler 2010, Chilvers and Longhurst 2016, Laurent 2017), this paper builds on, and expands, a paradigm shift in technologies of participation, toward what has been labelled “lab participation”. In short, participation as a lab experiment can be characterized as a form of participation organized by professional participation specialists, taking place under controlled conditions (Bogner 2012). We point at a significant extension of lab participation, not anymore limited to the retreat of participation into spaces insulated from the real-world, but now also including the variety of collective experiments where technologies are tested in real-world conditions, i.e. in ‘Living-Labs’, ‘Fab-Labs’ or ‘test beds'. This paper draws on several years of ethnographic fieldwork across different sites where technologies of lab participation were deployed. We compare two contrasted projects, the organization of a European citizens’ summit on sustainable consumption and the creation of a Living-Lab to involve end-users to co-create innovations in the health sector in Wallonia. While the former project is an ‘instant democracy’ (Sloterdijk and von der Haegen 2005) experiment, responding to sophisticated methodological standards and taking place in a closed environment, the latter is a society-as-a-lab experiment oriented toward ‘innovation-making’ and economic growth. We stress that publics’ involvement in either policy-making or innovation responds to imperatives of intensification and acceleration in order to extract “value” from participants. We conclude by examining the implications of this deepened shift toward lab participation for the performance of democratic orders. [less ▲]

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See detailL’ULiège demain : 12 travaux pour la future équipe rectorale
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

Diverse speeche and writing (2018)

Après deux tours d’élections rectorales n’ayant pas permis de dégager un consensus sur le futur leadership de notre institution, le moment est opportun pour relancer le débat d’idées sur l’avenir de ... [more ▼]

Après deux tours d’élections rectorales n’ayant pas permis de dégager un consensus sur le futur leadership de notre institution, le moment est opportun pour relancer le débat d’idées sur l’avenir de l’ULiège. En tant que chercheurs impliqués dans l’institution, mais n’appartenant à aucune équipe candidate à l’élection, nous souhaitons attirer l’attention de la communauté universitaire sur certains des défis qui nous semblent prioritaires pour le futur de notre institution universitaire. Nous ne prétendons en aucun cas à l’exhaustivité. Notre démarche se veut propositionnelle et non contestataire. Ce document ne peut être qu’un point de départ, qui reste forcément ancré dans les réalités de nos trajectoires professionnelles respectives. Notre objectif vise donc essentiellement à contribuer à un débat constructif sur l’avenir de notre institution. Nous espérons que cette base de travail sera élargie à de nouvelles idées et que chaque candidat(e) qui portera un projet pour l’ULiège demain aura à cœur de se prononcer par rapport à ces différents éléments. [less ▲]

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See detailAnticiper les changements technologiques pour ne plus les subir
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Charlier, Nathan ULiege; Chefneux, Luc et al

Article for general public (2018)

Carte blanche pour l'instauration en Wallonie d'un "Institut d'évaluation des technologies" : allons-nous encore nous contenter de subir les développements technologiques ou allons-nous choisir de les ... [more ▼]

Carte blanche pour l'instauration en Wallonie d'un "Institut d'évaluation des technologies" : allons-nous encore nous contenter de subir les développements technologiques ou allons-nous choisir de les débattre, les questionner et participer de manière concertée à orienter leur trajectoire ? [less ▲]

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See detailQuel(s) futur(s) la "révolution numérique" nous promet-elle ? Quels enjeux pour l'enseignement ?
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Macq, Hadrien ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2018)

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See detailTemporary decommodification? Sorting things out in the capitalist value chain of soy in Argentina
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

Conference (2018)

STS theorists usually characterize bioeconomic processes as commodity-based, stressing that the value of “bio”-products is derived from the production and commercialization of biological commodities. By ... [more ▼]

STS theorists usually characterize bioeconomic processes as commodity-based, stressing that the value of “bio”-products is derived from the production and commercialization of biological commodities. By contrast, others have emphasized the importance of attending to asset-based processes in any understanding of the bioeconomy. Based on fieldwork carried out between 2010 and 2016, this paper analyzes the “bioeconomy” of genetically modified soy in Argentina, the world’s third leading producer and exporter of GM crops. GM soy production is a central source of extraction of economic value, which has provided the economic oxygen to the country since it declared a partial default on its national debt in 2001. In the last decade, however, multiple conflicts arose between the government and farmers about the level of tax incomes from soy exports. In addition, to face the sharp drop of the price of soy on international markets, farmers increasingly use the (cheap) technology of “silo bolsas” to conserve their harvest and wait for better times to sell it to export. Rather than a narrow focus on technologies associated with GM soy production, I adopt a broader perspective that also includes the strategic use of “silo bolsas” during the commercialization phase. I show that for a limited period of time, soybeans in “silo bolsas” become assets, resources having/gaining value as property. I argue that not only do commodities and assets nestle beside each other, but they also incorporate each other’s characteristics, change into each other, or confuse different actors about their commodity-versus-asset identities. [less ▲]

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See detail(Re)making bioeconomic past and futures
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

Conference (2018)

Bioeconomy as a political-economic project generates and performs distinctive distributions of value, power and agency. Under neoliberalism, bioeconomy not only turns nature and knowledge into new ... [more ▼]

Bioeconomy as a political-economic project generates and performs distinctive distributions of value, power and agency. Under neoliberalism, bioeconomy not only turns nature and knowledge into new fictitious commodities (Pavone and Goven 2014, 2017), it also triggers fictional expectations about the future (Beckert 2016). As a narrative package, however well dramatized, the bioeconomy project cannot simply take over the world. To be effective, it needs to be activated and enacted in different and contradictory ways. Following Anna Tsing (2004), I argue that bioeconomy is made through “friction” between a global project originating in Western conjuring centers (European Commission, OECD) and “the sticky materiality of practical encounters” at the peripheries. Focusing on the case study of genetically modified (GM) soy in Argentina, I will analyze bioeconomy as a site of struggles, as much to make sociotechnical futures as to recapitulate the past. In my situated inquiry of agricultural bioeconomy in Argentina, struggles materialize in attempts to re-think agriculture as-we-knew-it, and to re-name it as “agro-industry” (Delvenne 2017). The presentation will explore these developments as evidence of an attempt to reject the idea of agriculture as the reactionary stronghold of a backward bourgeoisie and instead embrace agriculture as generative of an industrial avant-garde that promises political-economic transcendence. I will conclude with stressing theoretical and methodological challenges for STS scholarship to carry out ethnographies of global connections within and across bioeconomies. [less ▲]

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See detailBreaking the myth of neutrality: contemporary politics and normativities in and of technology assessment
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

Conference (2018)

This presentations aims at theoretically and pragmatically addressing the future roles of Technology Assessment (TA) communities in the challenging context of contemporary politics. Mobilizing Chantal ... [more ▼]

This presentations aims at theoretically and pragmatically addressing the future roles of Technology Assessment (TA) communities in the challenging context of contemporary politics. Mobilizing Chantal Mouffe’s theory of pluralistic agonism, we argue that TA communities should break with the myth of neutrality to render their political identities explicit and to recognize that TA does not only have politics, it also is politics. To do so, the notion of ‘constitutive outside’ is mobilized as a guiding methodological principle to invent a politics of TA. Three sites of politics where to define such a ‘constitutive outside’ are suggested: the values, the visions of the future, and the hegemonic and counter-hegemonic practices. We conclude that with a full awareness of its politics, TA communities should be able, on the one hand, to gain the trust and active support of political actors committed to the same ideals of democracy and knowledge-based policy-making. On the other hand, TA communities will also be able to distinguish TA supporters and adversaries and, consequently, reinforce their power of influence on policy-making. In a time of political uncertainty and epistemic ambiguity, TA communities may become a bastion of democratic politics. [less ▲]

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See detailQuels futurs pour la fabrication de pièces métalliques ?
Habraken, Anne ULiege; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Elsen, Catherine ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

Les processus de fabrication des pièces métalliques sont au cœur de nombreux enjeux technologiques, sociopolitiques et économiques. Ces dernières années, des procédés tels le 3D Printing ou encore le ... [more ▼]

Les processus de fabrication des pièces métalliques sont au cœur de nombreux enjeux technologiques, sociopolitiques et économiques. Ces dernières années, des procédés tels le 3D Printing ou encore le formage incrémental ont apporté un renouveau possible face aux méthodes de fabrication traditionnelles. Si le premier est, à présent, bien connu du grand public, le formage incrémental mérite encore quelques explications. Ce procédé, relativement lent, est de mieux en mieux maîtrisé. Il permet de réaliser des pièces métalliques aussi diverses qu’une prothèse, un panneau de façade ou de porte de boeing, un évier de cuisine, ... Il comporte de multiples variantes et est progressivement exploité par l’industrie pour du prototypage de pièces uniques et des petites séries. A l’ère de la révolution numérique, où les Fablabs, Repair Cafés et autres Hackers Labs permettent aux citoyens de créer leurs propres pièces et de devenir acteurs de l’innovation, ce procédé ouvre ainsi de nouvelles portes pour la conception de pièces métalliques. [less ▲]

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See detailIntelligence artificielle, et si rien n’était déterminé ?
Macq, Hadrien ULiege; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

Article for general public (2017)

A travers cette carte blanche, nous tentons de prendre du recul face à la perspective erronée d'un déterminisme technologique, exercice nécessaire selon nous afin d'injecter dans les débats relatifs au ... [more ▼]

A travers cette carte blanche, nous tentons de prendre du recul face à la perspective erronée d'un déterminisme technologique, exercice nécessaire selon nous afin d'injecter dans les débats relatifs au développement de l'intelligence artificielle les dimensions éthiques, morales et politiques dont ils manquent cruellement. [less ▲]

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See detailL’intelligence artificielle et la tragique persistance de l’imaginaire de la Silicon Valley
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Macq, Hadrien ULiege

Article for general public (2017)

Dans cette carte blanche publiée, nous essayons de prendre du recul sur la fascination exercée par l'intelligence artificielle, et sur le pourquoi il nous semble important de développer une pensée ... [more ▼]

Dans cette carte blanche publiée, nous essayons de prendre du recul sur la fascination exercée par l'intelligence artificielle, et sur le pourquoi il nous semble important de développer une pensée critique quand beaucoup d'acteurs rêvent d'une Silicon Valley en Belgique ou en Wallonie. [less ▲]

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See detailCo-producing sociotechnical solutions in difficult times: the art of governing nuclear wastes in France
Parotte, Céline ULiege; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

Conference (2017, June 29)

Radioactive wastes and their management are posing pressing political and epistemic issues to modern societies such as, for instance, how shall we design sociotechnical solutions to deal with an object ... [more ▼]

Radioactive wastes and their management are posing pressing political and epistemic issues to modern societies such as, for instance, how shall we design sociotechnical solutions to deal with an object with a half-life of more than 100.000 years? This paper’s starting point is the so-called “participatory turn” in the nuclear waste management (NWM) in France, when tensions appeared concerning claims of epistemic authority of national nuclear agencies. In 1990, in the aftermath of violent contestations and citizen mobilization in four Departments, the then Prime Minister of France, Michel Rocard, decided to impose a one-year moratorium on the research conducted by the national nuclear waste management organization (ANDRA). A not so well-known parliamentary technology assessment (PTA) institution, OPECST (the French Office Parlementaire d’Evaluation des Choix Scientifiques et Technologiques), was called to the rescue to clear up a difficult situation and to restore trust between state and scientific agencies and a critical population. We find that OPECST played a surprisingly central role in defining the French NWM program. [less ▲]

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See detailLe Roi est nu
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

Article for general public (2017)

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