References of "Delvenne, Pierre"
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See detailBecoming relatively relativists: engaging with truth in the case of genomics
Thoreau, François ULiege; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

in Engaging Science, Technology, and Society (2018)

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See detailCo-Produced Legitimacies: Parliamentary Technology Assessment and Nuclear Waste Management in France
Parotte, Céline ULiege; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

in Science and Public Policy (2018)

In this article we question the roles and engagement of the French Parliamentary office of Technology Assessment (PTA) in governing Nuclear Waste Management (NWM) over an extended timeframe (1990-2017 ... [more ▼]

In this article we question the roles and engagement of the French Parliamentary office of Technology Assessment (PTA) in governing Nuclear Waste Management (NWM) over an extended timeframe (1990-2017). We argue that the trajectories of the PTA and the NWM program are so intertwined that we gain analytical purchase from understanding them together. Our empirical analysis looks at three episodes of co-production of technological and political practices: (1) the PTA as an independent assessor (1990); (2) the PTA as a regular follower (1996-2005); (3) the PTA as a whistle-blower (2007-2017). We find that maintaining or redrawing boundaries between science and policy have increasingly been necessary but difficult in the course of the PTA’s mainstreaming into the policy-making landscape and the nuclear establishment. We conclude by examining the implications for PTAs of a possible shift from concerns about democratizing expertise to politicizing knowledge for policy. [less ▲]

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See detailQuel(s) futur(s) la "révolution numérique" nous promet-elle ? Quelles conséquences pour l'enseignement ?
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Macq, Hadrien ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2018)

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See detailQuels futurs pour la fabrication de pièces métalliques ?
Habraken, Anne ULiege; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Elsen, Catherine ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

Les processus de fabrication des pièces métalliques sont au cœur de nombreux enjeux technologiques, sociopolitiques et économiques. Ces dernières années, des procédés tels le 3D Printing ou encore le ... [more ▼]

Les processus de fabrication des pièces métalliques sont au cœur de nombreux enjeux technologiques, sociopolitiques et économiques. Ces dernières années, des procédés tels le 3D Printing ou encore le formage incrémental ont apporté un renouveau possible face aux méthodes de fabrication traditionnelles. Si le premier est, à présent, bien connu du grand public, le formage incrémental mérite encore quelques explications. Ce procédé, relativement lent, est de mieux en mieux maîtrisé. Il permet de réaliser des pièces métalliques aussi diverses qu’une prothèse, un panneau de façade ou de porte de boeing, un évier de cuisine, ... Il comporte de multiples variantes et est progressivement exploité par l’industrie pour du prototypage de pièces uniques et des petites séries. A l’ère de la révolution numérique, où les Fablabs, Repair Cafés et autres Hackers Labs permettent aux citoyens de créer leurs propres pièces et de devenir acteurs de l’innovation, ce procédé ouvre ainsi de nouvelles portes pour la conception de pièces métalliques. [less ▲]

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See detailIntelligence artificielle, et si rien n’était déterminé ?
Macq, Hadrien ULiege; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

Article for general public (2017)

A travers cette carte blanche, nous tentons de prendre du recul face à la perspective erronée d'un déterminisme technologique, exercice nécessaire selon nous afin d'injecter dans les débats relatifs au ... [more ▼]

A travers cette carte blanche, nous tentons de prendre du recul face à la perspective erronée d'un déterminisme technologique, exercice nécessaire selon nous afin d'injecter dans les débats relatifs au développement de l'intelligence artificielle les dimensions éthiques, morales et politiques dont ils manquent cruellement. [less ▲]

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See detailL’intelligence artificielle et la tragique persistance de l’imaginaire de la Silicon Valley
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Macq, Hadrien ULiege

Article for general public (2017)

Dans cette carte blanche publiée, nous essayons de prendre du recul sur la fascination exercée par l'intelligence artificielle, et sur le pourquoi il nous semble important de développer une pensée ... [more ▼]

Dans cette carte blanche publiée, nous essayons de prendre du recul sur la fascination exercée par l'intelligence artificielle, et sur le pourquoi il nous semble important de développer une pensée critique quand beaucoup d'acteurs rêvent d'une Silicon Valley en Belgique ou en Wallonie. [less ▲]

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See detailCo-producing sociotechnical solutions in difficult times: the art of governing nuclear wastes in France
Parotte, Céline ULiege; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

Conference (2017, June 29)

Radioactive wastes and their management are posing pressing political and epistemic issues to modern societies such as, for instance, how shall we design sociotechnical solutions to deal with an object ... [more ▼]

Radioactive wastes and their management are posing pressing political and epistemic issues to modern societies such as, for instance, how shall we design sociotechnical solutions to deal with an object with a half-life of more than 100.000 years? This paper’s starting point is the so-called “participatory turn” in the nuclear waste management (NWM) in France, when tensions appeared concerning claims of epistemic authority of national nuclear agencies. In 1990, in the aftermath of violent contestations and citizen mobilization in four Departments, the then Prime Minister of France, Michel Rocard, decided to impose a one-year moratorium on the research conducted by the national nuclear waste management organization (ANDRA). A not so well-known parliamentary technology assessment (PTA) institution, OPECST (the French Office Parlementaire d’Evaluation des Choix Scientifiques et Technologiques), was called to the rescue to clear up a difficult situation and to restore trust between state and scientific agencies and a critical population. We find that OPECST played a surprisingly central role in defining the French NWM program. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Technology Assessment Agenda in Europe: From Institutional to Knowledge Deficit
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Rosskamp, Benedikt

Conference (2017)

When addressing the continuation of Technology Assessment (TA) institutionalization, two assumptions need to be empirically confronted and conceptually revisited. The first consists of a linear expansion ... [more ▼]

When addressing the continuation of Technology Assessment (TA) institutionalization, two assumptions need to be empirically confronted and conceptually revisited. The first consists of a linear expansion of single, national and specialized TA organizations in an increasing number of countries. The second concerns the “opening up” and “broadening out” of the scope and depth of assessments, notably by encouraging the development of participatory TA. Drawing on a European project that thrived on such views, we confront the project’s normative goal of “increasing the capacity and enhancing the institutional foundation for knowledge-based policy-making on issues involving science, technology and innovation, mainly based upon the diversity of practices in Parliamentary Technology Assessment” to empirical data collected in three European fieldworks where such attempts were (unsuccessfully) conducted. Our results interrogate these failures under the light of an evolving deficitary vocabulary. We show that, instead of endorsing the above-mentioned “knowledge-based policy-making” ideal, the respective TA developments are placed under the banner of “evidence-based governance”. In the face of the difficulties to resorb the institutional absences (creating new TA institutions in newcomer countries), the narrative of institutional deficit mutates into one of a knowledge deficit (making TA knowledge available to a wider number of countries). The implications of this evolving deficitary narrative are explored and related to the rise of a more positivistic and uncultured conception of TA knowledge and to a transformation of the regime of epistemic subsidiarity (Jasanoff 2013, 2014), departing from a mode of coexistence towards greater cosmopolitanism. [less ▲]

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See detailEmbedded Promissory Futures: The Rise of Networked Agribusiness in Argentina’s Bioeconomy
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

in Pavone, Vincenzo; Goven, Joanna (Eds.) Bioeconomies: Life, Technology, and Capital in the 21st Century (2017)

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See detailOn the Disruptive Potential of 3D Printing
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Vigneron, Lara

in Bowman, Diana; Rip, Arie; Stokes, Elen (Eds.) Embedding New Technologies into Society: A Regulatory, Ethical and Societal Perspective (2017)

This chapter seeks to describe a variety of contexts in which 3D printing technologies are expected to emerge over the next 15 years and exert their so-called disruptive potential. We first provide a ... [more ▼]

This chapter seeks to describe a variety of contexts in which 3D printing technologies are expected to emerge over the next 15 years and exert their so-called disruptive potential. We first provide a brief introduction to 3D printing and we explain how it actually works. Then, we describe the paradigmatic change allowed by 3D printing in the industrial sector with a shift toward mass customisation. In particular, we focus on the biomedical sector, which is an interesting case in point because of the important number of innovations and the growth of 3D printed biomedical parts, a trend that is expected to continue in the future. To account for the dramatic, transversal, and transformative potential that 3D printing has in that whole sector, we first concentrate on 3D printing of biomedical instruments and implants for patients and, second, on additive bio- manufacturing of human tissues and organs. Then, we address the expectations raised by 3D printing to empowering users in non-industrial domains (such as in fabrication laboratories or with desktop 3D printers at home). In the last section, we turn to discussing the impact of 3D printing on the governance actors and we raise important issues for further research in the political economy of 3D printing technologies. [less ▲]

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See detailResponsible research and innovation as a travesty of technology assessment?
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

in Journal of Responsible Innovation (2017)

The relation between technology assessment (TA) and responsible research and innovation (RRI) is a very topical (and controversial) issue, as TA is clearly enveloped in broader science, technology and ... [more ▼]

The relation between technology assessment (TA) and responsible research and innovation (RRI) is a very topical (and controversial) issue, as TA is clearly enveloped in broader science, technology and innovation (STI) processes, such as the EU-wide shift towards RRI. In this short response to van Lente et al.’s [Van Lente, Harro, Tsjalling Swierstra, and Pierre-Benoit̂ Joly. 2017. “Responsible Innovation as a Critique of Technology Assessment.” Journal of Responsible Innovation] essay, I first stress that this contribution has several merits; for example, it points to pervasive challenges for TA communities, such as the issue of including normative concerns when assessing innovations, it opens these challenges to debate, without shying away from engaging TA communities. However, I disagree with the authors’ claim that RRI would be ‘a next step of TA’ or even a ‘form of TA’. In my essay, I explain why I believe RRI is different from TA and why, rather than a critique of TA, RRI could instead lead to a travesty of TA, threatening the vitality and the uniqueness of TA institutions in the long-term. Under the spell of RRI, TA risks being reduced to a role of mere provider of ex-ante impact assessments. I conclude that following the money attached to RRI has a price that TA institutions should carefully, critically and reflexively consider before they pay. [less ▲]

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See detailDancing without listening to the music: learning from some failures of the ‘national innovation systems’ in Latin America
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Thoreau, François ULiege

in Kuhlmann, Stefan; Ordóñez-Matamoros, Gonzalo (Eds.) Research Handbook on Innovation Governance for Emerging Economies (2017)

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See detailWorld-System Analysis 2.0: Globalized Science in Centers and Peripheries
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Kreimer, Pablo

in Tyfield, David; Lave, Rebecca; Randalls, Samuel (Eds.) et al Handbook of the Political Economy of Science (2017)

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See detailLe futur du travail à l'ère digitale
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

Cette présentation aborde de manière critique les changements qui s'opèrent dans le monde du travail sous l'impulsion des technologies digitales (robotisation, automatisation, objets connectés, etc). Dans ... [more ▼]

Cette présentation aborde de manière critique les changements qui s'opèrent dans le monde du travail sous l'impulsion des technologies digitales (robotisation, automatisation, objets connectés, etc). Dans une perspective interdisciplinaire, à l'aide de nombreux exemples, elle aborde les interactions entre la technologie, l'économie, la société et le politique et examine les conditions d'émergences et les conséquences des changements en cours sur le monde du travail. Elle invite à prendre urgemment la pleine mesure de la rupture qui s'opère avec la digitalisation et formule des recommandations concrètes. [less ▲]

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See detailEmbedded promissory futures: a socio-historical analysis of Argentina’s bioeconomy of GM soy
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

Scientific conference (2016, November 30)

The concept of the “bioeconomy” emphasizes the importance of the creation, appropriation and distribution of value generated by the incorporation of new forms of biological resources and organisms into ... [more ▼]

The concept of the “bioeconomy” emphasizes the importance of the creation, appropriation and distribution of value generated by the incorporation of new forms of biological resources and organisms into the global capitalist system of production, trade and finance. The bioeconomy is relatively new in Argentina as a concept and a political project. This presentation will aim at understanding the bioeconomy’s situated emergence and at anticipating its future as a national political project. I will examine four decades of co-produced transformations at the political and technoscientific levels. In particular, I will address the “bioeconomy” of genetically modified (GM) soy in Argentina, the world’s third leading producer and exporter of GM crops. GM soy production is a central source of extraction of economic value, which has provided the economic oxygen to the country since it declared a partial default on its national debt in 2001. As of 2014, soy sector exports represented 28 percent of total Argentine exports and accounted for USD 20 billion in foreign income. The presentation is based on fieldwork carried out between 2010 and 2016, as well as secondary sources (press articles, regulatory and legal documents). Fieldwork included 62 semi-structured interviews carried out with individuals in Buenos Aires and Rosario who are involved in the GM soy complex or who have had a say in the public discussion around it (including members of academia, public administration, seed and agrochemical companies, agricultural production, regulation, distribution sectors, financial investors, managers of sowing pools, and related civil society organizations). I will argue that the bioeconomy is at the center of intense imaginative activities to re-think agriculture as-we-knew-it, and to re-name it as “agro-industry”. These developments are evidence of an attempt to reject the idea of agriculture as the reactionary stronghold of a backward bourgeoisie and instead embrace agriculture as generative of an industrial avant-garde that promises political-economic transcendence. [less ▲]

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See detailFast and not furious: an inquiry into the current low-risk/high-gain configuration of public participation
Rosskamp, Benedikt ULiege; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Charlier, Nathan ULiege et al

Conference (2016, June 29)

For several years scholars pointed at the development of a “participatory turn” in science, technology and innovation (STI). Decisively informed by STS, “public involvement” and then “public engagement” ... [more ▼]

For several years scholars pointed at the development of a “participatory turn” in science, technology and innovation (STI). Decisively informed by STS, “public involvement” and then “public engagement” with STI have been enacted in a broad array of participatory experiments across Europe. These experiments were usually informed by rhetoric of citizen empowerment and distributed governance, against the limitations of technocratic approaches and traditional innovation processes, in order to “enrich”, “deepen”, “broaden” the knowledge base of our democracies. As “embarked researchers”, STS scholars played a crucial role in facilitating and legitimizing the organization of participatory events engaging a variety of publics. This paper will rely on the knowledge and expertise we gathered when organizing multiple participatory events over the last decade, while still trying maintain a critical distance with regard to our own engagement and the types of participation we contributed to enact. More specifically, we propose to draw on the lessons learnt from two recent projects, the organization of a citizens’ summit (Europe Wide Views on Sustainable Consumption) and a prospective study to gauge the potential of involving users in a Living Lab in the health sector in Wallonia. These two projects produced different publics (“citizens-consumers” or “users”), were informed by different political rationales (“sustainability” or “inclusive innovation”), took place in diverse settings (a European FP7 project or a project funded by the Walloon Region) and connected to several narratives of public empowerment through participation (“being heard in policymaking” or “accelerating and improving health”). Our contribution maps and compares the different instrumental and strategic framings of the engagement of publics in those two projects, emphasizing the roles attributed to fabricated publics but also the construction of categories such as the “state” and the “economy”. It unpacks some critical issues related to the methods and techniques used in the concrete implementation of participatory exercises such as, for example, the relation between the assigned tasks, the allowed forms of dialogue between the participants, the room for engagement with the issue(s) at stake and the broader understanding of processes these inputs were supposed to contribute to. Our analysis highlights a tension between the justificatory rationales for public engagement and its specific enactments. In these fast and optimized exercises, participants and their inputs become resources that need to be methodologically maximized and from which “value” may be extracted for instrumental use, i.e. innovation or policy-making. In this configuration in which, we argue, most participation experiments are stuck, the increasing involvement of publics in either policy-making or innovation will only be likely to produce low risk and high gain for powerful actors, who manage to take the best advantage of unpaid and uncritical labour from participants. Due attention (including self-reflexive critique) will be paid to alternative framings and critical insights, which were methodologically eliminated or ‘tamed’ to avoid threatening the design of the overall participatory exercise. By externalizing critique to favour unconditional compliance with imposed notions of the “greater good”, we scrutinize the risk for participation to become a mere space of experimentation for the sake of innovation and economic growth. Furthermore, we argue that critical scholarly work should help to move beyond this particular division of labour and responsibilities between the spheres of science, society and the state in order to avoid re-enacting traditional conceptions of the policy-making process and innovation pathways. [less ▲]

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See detailEmerging Hybridities under Networked Agribusiness in Argentina
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

Conference (2016, June 24)

Science and Technology Studies (STS) are paying greater attention to the interactions between new technologies and politico-economic orders. Dynamics of promises and expectations with regard to ... [more ▼]

Science and Technology Studies (STS) are paying greater attention to the interactions between new technologies and politico-economic orders. Dynamics of promises and expectations with regard to technological developments, and their uptake, play a major role in shaping political-economic policies, institutional practices and wider societal mutations. Informed by the theoretical perspective of co-production (Jasanoff 2004), this paper addresses the political economy of GM soy agriculture in Argentina as both epistemic and social orders. We engage ‘micro’ perspectives looking at situated social experiments with farmers and their interrelations with ‘macro’ phenomena such as capital-labour relations and forms of ‘neoliberalism’. We find that the emerging hybridities in present time’s Argentina are caught between the promissory futures of agroindustrial innovation and the historical, political and material conditions of agricultural production that give rise to these presents in the first place. Looking at three of such hybridities (the blurring of boundaries between modern/national, agriculture/industry and leasing/ownership), we highlight the ways in which elements of political-economic structures and human agency got bound up with technoscientific advances (Jasanoff 2015). Our contribution reveals the importance of the concept of ‘network’ to make sense of the dominant logic of agribusiness and it amounts to ‘rugged’ approach to networks with due attention to the complex topographies of circulating power and morality. [less ▲]

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See detailRevers lifté et coup droit "à plat" : le (néo)libéralisme en débat
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Rossignol, Nicolas ULiege

Article for general public (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (4 ULiège)