References of "Dardenne, Benoît"
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See detailDiagnosis threat and underperformance: The threat must be relevant and implicit
Fresson, Megan ULiege; Dardenne, Benoît ULiege; Meulemans, Thierry ULiege

in Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology (2018)

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See detailOverdiagnosis of ADHD in boys: Stereotype impact on neuropsychological assessment
Fresson, Megan ULiege; Meulemans, Thierry ULiege; Dardenne, Benoît ULiege et al

in Applied Neuropsychology: Child (2018)

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See detailInteractions between stereotype threat, subjective aging, and memory in older adults
Marquet, Manon ULiege; Missotten, Pierre ULiege; Dardenne, Benoît ULiege et al

in Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition (2017)

This study examined whether the effects of stereotype threat on memory and subjective age were moderated by positive age stereotypes and self-perceptions of aging among older adults. Perceived threat as a ... [more ▼]

This study examined whether the effects of stereotype threat on memory and subjective age were moderated by positive age stereotypes and self-perceptions of aging among older adults. Perceived threat as a mechanism underlying these effects was also explored. Results showed that stereotype threat (high vs. low threat) did not affect the dependent variables. Moreover, self-perceptions of aging did not moderate the effect of stereotype threat on the dependent variables. However, for people with more positive age stereotypes, older people under high threat perceived more threat than people under low threat. This could be explained by an effect of age stereotypes in the high-threat group: the more positive age stereotypes held by participants, the more they perceived threat, which in turn decreased their memory performance and made them feel mentally older. We hypothesized that age group identity is stronger in people with more positive age stereotypes, which increase perceived threat. [less ▲]

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See detailUtilisation de la réalité virtuelle comme outil thérapeutique Quels sont les facteurs influençant son acceptation auprès des cliniciens ?
Marchal, Sylvie; Etienne, Anne-Marie ULiege; Willems, Sylvie ULiege et al

Poster (2017, November 18)

Le travail d’un psychologue, d’un neuropsychologue ou encore d’un logopède évolue constamment en fonction des apports de la recherche. L’efficacité de la réalité virtuelle comme outil thérapeutique est ... [more ▼]

Le travail d’un psychologue, d’un neuropsychologue ou encore d’un logopède évolue constamment en fonction des apports de la recherche. L’efficacité de la réalité virtuelle comme outil thérapeutique est étudiée et soulignée depuis une vingtaine d’années (Malbos et al., 2013). Néanmoins, actuellement, une minorité de cliniciens l’ont intégrée dans leur pratique (Gicquel, 2016). Le but de cette étude est d’identifier les facteurs ayant un rôle déterminant dans le choix des cliniciens d’utiliser la réalité virtuelle. Pour ce faire, nous avons effectué notre travail en deux étapes : l’élaboration d’un modèle conceptuel et l’élaboration d’un questionnaire visant à éprouver la pertinence du modèle proposé. Le modèle a donc été construit sur base de la littérature concernant l’acceptation d’une technologie (Azjen, 1985 ; Davis, 1989 ; Taylor et Todd, 1995 ; Venkatesh et al., 2008). Il soutient l’idée que l’intention de réaliser un comportement dépendrait de l’utilité perçue, de l’attitude, des normes subjectives et de la perception de contrôle comportemental. Ce modèle a ensuite guidé l’élaboration des items de notre questionnaire en adaptant ceux régulièrement proposés au sein de la littérature (Davis, 1989 ; Glegg, 2013 ; Venkatesh et al., 2008). Au niveau méthodologique, la diffusion du questionnaire s’est faite par internet au travers des réseaux sociaux et professionnels francophones. La participation se réalisait sur base volontaire. Ainsi, 98 personnes ont participé à notre étude (80 femmes, 18 hommes). Cet échantillon était composé de 71 psychologues (72,4%), 15 neuropsychologues (15,3%) et 12 logopèdes (12,2%). Parmi eux, 84 répondants (85,7%) n’avait jamais utilisé la réalité virtuelle dans un contexte clinique et plus de la moitié de l’échantillon s’estimait peu familier avec cette technologie ou les recherches sur son efficacité en clinique. En accord avec nos hypothèses, nos résultats indiquent que les cliniciens tendent principalement à se référer à la norme subjective, à leur perception de contrôle sur l’utilisation de l’outil ainsi qu’à leur attitude propre envers la technologie pour former leur intention d’utiliser la réalité virtuelle dans leur pratique clinique. Par contre, l’absence de significativité de l’utilité perçue est en désaccord avec notre hypothèse. Ceci pourrait potentiellement s’expliquer par la non-familiarité des répondants avec l’utilisation de l’outil virtuel. [less ▲]

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See detailImplicit Belittlements Call for Implicit Measures: Emotional Reactions to Youth Paternalistic Stereotypes
Silvestre, Aude ULiege; Huart, Johanne ULiege; Dardenne, Benoît ULiege

in Psychologica Belgica (2017), 57(2), 133-153

Age discrimination at work can potentially affect every worker. Indeed, like ‘old’ workers, young ones hired in their first job elicit the idea that they have quite interesting social abilities but lack ... [more ▼]

Age discrimination at work can potentially affect every worker. Indeed, like ‘old’ workers, young ones hired in their first job elicit the idea that they have quite interesting social abilities but lack of competence, which constitutes a case of paternalistic stereotypes (Fiske, Cuddy, Glick, & Xu, 2002). Generally, the negative (incompetence) facet of such stereotypes is not blatantly expressed, but is subtly conveyed behind an apparently positive discourse. Consequently, it is considered as being generally under-detected, while harmful. In this paper, we examine whether paternalistic stereotyping’s under-detection is real or if it is due to the use of inadequate measures. Based on a study showing that targets feel that something is wrong (Dardenne, Dumont, & Bollier 2007), we rely on affective measures to investigate whether the detection of the subtly conveyed negative facet of paternalistic stereotypes calls for subtle, implicit measures. In Study 1, explicit self-reports of targets’ affective states after a meeting with a paternalistic boss revealed mainly positive affect. In Study 2, an implicit emotional measure however revealed the presence of a negative affective state. The last Study, using a more ecological affective measure, demonstrates that paternalistic stereotypes trigger an ambivalent affective reaction. Altogether, the three studies suggest that the negative facet of paternalistic stereotypes is not as under-detected as we thought. [less ▲]

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See detailThe link between self-perceptions of aging, cancer view and physical and mental health of older people with cancer: A cross-sectional study
Schroyen, Sarah ULiege; Marquet, Manon ULiege; Jerusalem, Guy ULiege et al

in Journal of Geriatric Oncology (2017), 8(1), 64-68

Objectives Older people may suffer from stigmas linked to cancer and aging. Although some studies suggested that a negative view of cancer may increase the level of depression, such an association has ... [more ▼]

Objectives Older people may suffer from stigmas linked to cancer and aging. Although some studies suggested that a negative view of cancer may increase the level of depression, such an association has never been studied in the elderly population. Similarly, even though it is established that a negative self-perception of aging has deleterious consequences on mental and physical health in normal aging, the influence in pathological contexts, such as oncology, has not been studied. The main aim of this study is thus to analyze the effect of these two stigmas on the health of elderly oncology patients. Materials and Methods 101 patients suffering from a cancer (breast, gynecological, lung or hematological) were seen as soon as possible after their diagnosis. Their self-perception of age, cancer view and health (physical and mental) was assessed. Results Multiple regressions showed that patients with a more negative self-perception of aging and/or more negative cancer view reported poorer global health. We also observed that negative self-perception of aging was associated with worse physical and mental health, whereas negative cancer views were only linked to worse mental health. No interaction was observed between these two stigmas, suggesting that their action is independent. Conclusion Older patients with cancer face double stigmatization, due to negative self-perception of aging and cancer, and these stigmas have impacts on global and mental health. Self-perception of aging is also linked to physical health. Longitudinal studies will be necessary to analyze the direction of the association between this double stigmatization and health. [less ▲]

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See detailStereotype Content of People with Acquired Brain Injury: Warm but Incompetent
Fresson, Megan ULiege; Dardenne, Benoît ULiege; Geurten, Marie ULiege et al

in Journal of Applied Social Psychology (2017)

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See detailThe role of parental anxiety sensitivity and learning experiences in children's anxiety sensitivity.
Stassart, Céline ULiege; Dardenne, Benoît ULiege; Etienne, Anne-Marie ULiege

in British Journal of Developmental Psychology (2017)

This study evaluated the impact of the mother’s and father’s anxiety sensitivity (AS) andlearning experiences on children’s AS, and the influence of two moderators: the children’sfemininity orientation and ... [more ▼]

This study evaluated the impact of the mother’s and father’s anxiety sensitivity (AS) andlearning experiences on children’s AS, and the influence of two moderators: the children’sfemininity orientation and the children’s emotional intelligence (EI). The samplecomprised 200 non-clinical children, aged 9–13 years, and their parents (mothers andfathers). Results revealed that the effect of parental AS on children’s AS is moderated bythe children’s EI for maternal AS and by their femininity traits for paternal AS. Learningexperiences following somatic sensations influenced the children’s level of AS. Morespecifically, special attention by parents following a child’s somatic sensations (reinforce-ment and transmission of information) was associated with high AS in children. Parentalreactions of fear following a parent’s somatic sensations (modelling) seem to predicthigher scores for AS when the link is moderated by the child’s femininity orientation. Theimplications of these findings are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailStereotype contrast effect on neuropsychological assessment of contact-sport players: The moderating role of locus of control
Fresson, Megan ULiege; Dardenne, Benoît ULiege; Geurten, Marie ULiege et al

in Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology (2017)

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See detailBenevolent Ideology and Women’s Economic Decision-Making: When Sexism Is Hurting Men’s Wallet
Silvestre, Aude ULiege; Sarlet, Marie; Huart, Johanne ULiege et al

in PLoS ONE (2016), 11(2),

Can ideology, as a widespread “expectation creator,” impact economic decisions? In two studies we investigated the influence of the Benevolent Sexism (BS) ideology (which dictates that men should provide ... [more ▼]

Can ideology, as a widespread “expectation creator,” impact economic decisions? In two studies we investigated the influence of the Benevolent Sexism (BS) ideology (which dictates that men should provide for passive and nurtured women) on women’s economic decision- making. In Study 1, using a Dictator Game in which women decided how to share amounts of money with men, results of a Generalized Linear Mixed Model analysis show that higher endorsement of BS and contextual expectations of benevolence were associated with more very unequal offers. Similarly, in an Ultimatum Game in which women received monetary offers from men, Study 2’s Generalized Linear Mixed Model’s results revealed that BS led women to reject more very unequal offers. If women’s endorsement of BS ideology and expectations of benevolence prove contrary to reality, they may strike back at men. These findings show that BS ideology creates expectations that shape malefemale relationships in a way that could be prejudicial to men. [less ▲]

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See detail"OK, C'est pas bien, mais que peut-on y faire?" Propositions de stratégies pour contrer les effets néfastes des stéréotypes paternalistes sur la performance motrice
Silvestre, Aude ULiege; Dardenne, Benoît ULiege

in Etienne, Anne-Marie; Bragard, Isabelle (Eds.) Évolutions sociales, innovations et politiques: Nouvelles questions et nouveaux enjeux pour la psychologie de la santé, Actes du Congrès de l’AFPSA, tome 2 (2016)

Introduction : Au fil de trois études, nous tentons d’appliquer trois types de stratégies basées sur la régulation émo-tionnelle dans le but de réduire l’impact négatif des stéréotypes paternalistes sur ... [more ▼]

Introduction : Au fil de trois études, nous tentons d’appliquer trois types de stratégies basées sur la régulation émo-tionnelle dans le but de réduire l’impact négatif des stéréotypes paternalistes sur la performance mo-trice. Les personnes cibles de stéréotypes paternalistes sont explicitement perçues comme chaleu-reuses et gentilles, mais, plus subtilement, comme incompétentes. Méthodologie : Dans une première étude, nous appliquons les stratégies de réévaluation et de suppression de l’anxiété, pour diminuer les effets néfastes du paternalisme sur la performance motrice. Dans une seconde étude, nous proposons non plus une régulation d’une émotion spécifique, mais plutôt une régulation sur la valence des émotions. Nous envisageons une stratégie de diminution des émotions négatives, en comparaison à une stratégie d’augmentation des émotions positives. Enfin, dans une troisième étude, nous nous intéressons à une régulation totalement libre, non dirigée vers les émo-tions. Nous appliquons la pratique de la pleine conscience comme outils pour restaurer la perfor-mance motrice impactée négativement par l’exposition à du paternalisme. Résultats : Les résultats montrent que les stratégies de régulation dirigée vers l’anxiété n’ont pas d’impact sur la performance (étude 1), que diminuer ses émotions négatives amène à une moins bonne performance que d’augmenter ses émotions positives (étude 2), et enfin, qu’introduire un exercice de pleine conscience après une induction de paternalisme permet de restaurer la performance (étude 3). Conclusion : Il semblerait que moins la stratégie est dirigée vers une émotion spécifique, plus elle semble être efficace pour diminuer, voire éliminer, les effets négatifs sur la performance motrice. [less ▲]

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See detailStereotype reactance effect in individuals practicing contact sports
Fresson, Megan ULiege; Dardenne, Benoît ULiege; Geurten, Marie ULiege et al

Poster (2015, November)

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See detailSimilarities between the target and the intruder in naturally occurring repeated person naming errors
Brédart, Serge ULiege; Dardenne, Benoît ULiege

in Frontiers in Psychology (2015), 6(art 1474),

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See detailEffect of “diagnosis threat” in clinical setting
Fresson, Megan ULiege; Dardenne, Benoît ULiege; Meulemans, Thierry ULiege

Poster (2014, November 14)

Objective. When reminded of their neurological history, mild traumatic brain injured (TBI) students underperform on neuropsychological tests (Suhr & Gunstad, 2002). To date, this “diagnosis threat” (DT ... [more ▼]

Objective. When reminded of their neurological history, mild traumatic brain injured (TBI) students underperform on neuropsychological tests (Suhr & Gunstad, 2002). To date, this “diagnosis threat” (DT) phenomenon has mainly been studied with a non-clinical and high-functioning population (university students). The aim of this study was twofold: to study this phenomenon with neurological patients and to examine the mechanisms responsible for underperformance. Method. Patients (18-55 years-old) who had sustained a TBI or a stroke were recruited from ambulatory and hospitalized cares, and then assigned to one of three conditions : Patients attention was drawn on (1) their neurological disease and the neuropsychological components of the upcoming tasks (DT group) ; (2) their intact sensory capacities and the sensorial components of the tasks (Neutral group); or (3) their better cognitive abilities compared to Alzheimer disease patients (Stereotype boost group). After these instructions, patients carried out cognitive tasks and completed questionnaires. Results. Preliminary analyses (n=18) showed that, on the z-score of executive functioning, the DT group performed worse than both the neutral group (p=.03) and the stereotype boost group (p=.05), but did not differ for the attentional and memory scores. Instructions also had an impact on cognitive self-efficacy, with the neutral group demonstrating greater score than the negative one (p=.08). Furthermore, the self-efficacy score tended to correlate with the score of executive functioning (r=.37). Conclusions. Results show that the DT phenomenon has an impact on cognitive performances in clinical setting, at least on executive functions, which are usually demonstrated to be the most sensitive to stereotype effects. [less ▲]

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See detailSpecificity of Gender Role Orientation, Biological Sex and Trait Emotional Intelligence in Child Anxiety Sensitivity: A Moderated Mediation Analysis.
Stassart, Céline ULiege; Dardenne, Benoît ULiege; Etienne, Anne-Marie ULiege

in Personality and Individual Differences (2014), 71

The present study evaluates gender role theory as an explanation for the observed gender differences in anxiety sensitivity (AS) symptoms among children, and emotional intelligence (EI) as a protective ... [more ▼]

The present study evaluates gender role theory as an explanation for the observed gender differences in anxiety sensitivity (AS) symptoms among children, and emotional intelligence (EI) as a protective factor in the relation between gender role orientation and AS. Specifically, these two hypotheses are investi- gated in a moderated mediation analysis. The sample comprises 200 children, aged 9–13 years (95 boys, 105 girls). Results reveal that Masculinity (M) and EI are negatively associated with AS while Femininity (F) is positively associated with AS. Gender role orientation mediates the relation between biological gen- der and AS scores and EI moderates the relation between M (but not F) and overall AS symptoms. Findings support gender role orientation as an explanation for the observed gender disparity in AS; in the case of masculine orientation, the protective effect also depends on high emotional intelligence. This study pro- vides valuable insights for understanding the emotional socialization of children, as well as preventing or treating AS symptoms. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of benevolent sexism on assessment of dangerousness by novice and expert policemen: a study by eye tracking
Blavier, Adelaïde ULiege; Cardyn, Perrine; Gelon, Emilie et al

Conference (2013, May 28)

Our aim was to study how professional expertise may influence both visual perception of a scene and verbal judgment and how these 2 components interact and are influenced by benevolent sexism attitude. We ... [more ▼]

Our aim was to study how professional expertise may influence both visual perception of a scene and verbal judgment and how these 2 components interact and are influenced by benevolent sexism attitude. We studied how stereotype (here, benevolent sexism) influences both the eye movements and the verbal judgment according to the expertise. 3 groups of subjects (10 expert policemen-policewomen, 10 novice policemen-policewomen and 10 control subjects) answered to ASI questionnaire and assessed dangerousness of 15 images of domestic violence (individually and randomly presented). Eye movements were recorded while subjects looked at the domestic violence images. Our results showed the more benevolent sexist are the subjects (particularly the women), the more they looked at the victim and the lower they assessed the dangerousness. Moreover, novices answered more slowly and assessed ambiguous situations as more dangerous than experts. The differences between novices and experts were more important for women than for men, suggesting that professional experience has a stronger impact on women than men. Our findings confirm our main hypothesis suggesting sexism influences the visual analysis of a scene and thus the judgment attributed to the scene. Moreover, it seems professional experience does not modify the stereotype, particularly for benevolent sexist men. The discussion of all our results emphasizes their implication for a better understanding of our visual cognitive system (particularly the interaction between low-level visual analysis by eye movements and verbal judgment) and for the training of policemen (by taking into account the importance of their stereotype in complex interventions). [less ▲]

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