References of "Da Silva, Amanda Carolina"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
See detailDites à ma mère que je suis la!
Da Silva, Amanda Carolina ULiege

Conference (2019, April 23)

L’idée de la compagnie État d’Urgence repose sur une synergie entre artiste et chercheur. L’artiste apporte des méthodes de création spécifiques à son art – théâtre, danse, acrobatie – et le chercheur met ... [more ▼]

L’idée de la compagnie État d’Urgence repose sur une synergie entre artiste et chercheur. L’artiste apporte des méthodes de création spécifiques à son art – théâtre, danse, acrobatie – et le chercheur met à disposition ses méthodes pour explorer les terrains. Pour Dites à ma mère que je suis là !, nous avons essayé de donner à voir et à réfléchir collectivement sur la dimension émotionnelle de l’art et l’objectivité de la recherche, en juxtaposant des disciplines différentes – du travail avec le corps en passant par la scénographie, l’image, le son, l’écriture. Pendant le processus de création, nous nous sommes basés sur la rencontre de ces deux identités – l'artiste et chercheur. Martine Cendre, la metteuse en scène du spectacle, évoque son expérience à la naissance du projet : « Cela a été un challenge. Au début je ne voyais pas comment organiser et “m’approprier” des tous ces questionnements, juxtapositions de spécialités artistiques, de parcours et d’expériences individuelles, de témoignages et d’écrits scientifiques, sans un texte théâtral sur lequel m’appuyer. Je ne voyais pas comment les artistes, le plateau pouvaient recevoir cette masse d’information et la mettre en pratique. Il nous a fallu tout casser et apprendre à utiliser d’autres codes pour passer de l’existentiel au politique, du terrain de recherche au plateau. Il nous a fallu déconstruire pour reconstruire, créer un cycle permanent entre l’art et la recherche scientifique, puiser dans la boite à outils, complexe, certes, mais infiniment riche. » (Martine Cendre, avril 2018) [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (1 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailthe art to talk on immigration: a State of emergency
Da Silva, Amanda Carolina ULiege

Conference (2019, March 07)

This paper intend to present the results of the state of emergency project. The project started in 2014 with a simple question: how researchers that work in immigration can communicate with civil society ... [more ▼]

This paper intend to present the results of the state of emergency project. The project started in 2014 with a simple question: how researchers that work in immigration can communicate with civil society outside the traditional academic channels? It is not only a matter of popularization of academic research, but mainly brings researchers into society, far from the academic walls. The answer to this question was the art and the spaces of culture. Art, and also cultural spaces have enormous potential, its could bring together different social groups and help researchers to be in society, and making their research accessible. In the society, debates on immigration are mostly dominated by media and political representations, what is also polarizing societies between solidarity and anti-immigration movement's. Therefore, the presence of researchers to discuss the immigration issue in society has become urgent. The state of emergency project had as bases the research: “The borders of Nord-Pas-de-Calais” (2014), and brought together different artistic disciplines, in a co-construction aproach. The project started from the assumption that art is a collective production, but artistic cretion started with the individual consciousness on the issue the artist is focusing. It was adopted the artistic improvisation method to develop a spectacle and other tolls and ethnography tolls (as fieldwork and observation), in order to limit the power relations on the both sides. The project took two years to be concluded. The result was an dance performace, “Dites a ma mère que je suis la”, and a hybrid form of workshop that mixes the artistic and the methods of immigration research. I contrast, I developed during the project an ethnography whit the artists. Where the main objective was to understand which impact of research tolls and knowledge on the issue could produce in artist's way to see immigration, and how this new approach could change the researcher and artist productions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (1 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa condition des mineurs isolés à Calais : un état des lieux post-Jungle
Da Silva, Amanda Carolina ULiege; Escarcena, Juan Pablo

in Simba, Jean Fidele; Batibonak, Sariette; Coulibaly (Eds.) Mutations dans les migrations, conflictualités dans les pratiques (2019)

Au cours des années 2015 et 2016, une grande médiatisation a été produite autour de la « Jungle » de Calais. Cependant, après son démantèlement, ce sujet est resté lettre morte. À travers l'observation de ... [more ▼]

Au cours des années 2015 et 2016, une grande médiatisation a été produite autour de la « Jungle » de Calais. Cependant, après son démantèlement, ce sujet est resté lettre morte. À travers l'observation de terrain, il a été possible d'observer une violence particulière à Calais dans ce contexte après « Jungle », où les Mineurs Isolés Étrangers (MIE) sont les plus concernés. La pratique des actes de violence est attribuée à la stratégie de prévention d’une nouvelle Jungle. Cette violence est ethnicisée, les migrants en provenance de la corne de l'Afrique sont plus concernés. Dans un contexte de prévention, il a été possible d’établir le lien entre violence et l’image de « réfugiés ». Enfin, à travers notre catégorisation des « actes de violence », il était possible d'identifier une violence normalisée, injustifiée et disproportionnée. C'est une violence dépendante de l'obscurité et cachée derrière l’impunité et qui tend à rester obscure du fait du statut des migrants. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (1 ULiège)
See detailDes représentations globales aux images du terrain: explorer la solidarité des artistes sur les espaces de (im)mobilité
Da Silva, Amanda Carolina ULiege

Conference (2019, January 31)

Cet article a pour objectif d'explorer les productions des artistes dans un contexte de "crise de l'immigration". J'aborderai la production artistique dans les espaces d'immobilité comme un acte de ... [more ▼]

Cet article a pour objectif d'explorer les productions des artistes dans un contexte de "crise de l'immigration". J'aborderai la production artistique dans les espaces d'immobilité comme un acte de solidarité principalement motivé par la représentation de l'immigration en tant que problème global. Cependant, la mobilisation des artistes sur l'espace d'immobilité (camps, occupations illégales, etc.) est liée à un cosmopolitisme, dans une logique de résolution de problèmes, dans laquelle les "conditions humaines tragiques" sont devenues une occasion de prendre part au destin du monde. En revanche, les représentations artistiques sur la crise de l’immigration sont des outils puissants pour reproduire ou contester les images des victimes ou rendre visible des questions et des «zones d'ombre», l’art en tant qu’espace de résistance. Si la victimisation contribue à la visibilité, en faisant appel à une action de la société civile transnationale, au niveau local, elle pourrait renforcer et accroître les différences entre migrant et citoyen. Je suis partie de l'hypothèse que la position des artistes détermine la représentation artistique sur les questions d'immigration. Ainsi, quel est l'impact de ces œuvres artistiques sur la construction de l'image de l'immigrant? Dans une perspective comparative des différents cas d’artistes à Calais et à Liège, il a été possible d’analyser la mobilisation des artistes dans la production des œuvres sur l’immigration, mais aussi les contraintes imposées par le monde de l’art. Dans le cas du monde de l'art, la dimension exclusive des réseaux, il a été possible de voir les luttes de l'artiste pour rendre visible les luttes des migrants, ainsi que le problème de la diffusion liée à la politisation des questions d'immigration. Inversement, les migrants dans ces espaces d'immobilité trouvaient dans la pratique des disciplines artistiques un moyen de partager et de s'exprimer au travers de la diffusion publique. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailDeterring solidarity in border spaces: Acomparative analyses of food distribution bans in Ventimiglia and Calais.
Escarcena, Juan Pablo; Da Silva, Amanda Carolina ULiege

in Howell, Jayne; Altamirano, Deborah; Totah, Faedah (Eds.) et al Porous Borders, Invisible Boundaries? Ethnographic Perspectives on the Vicissitudes of Contemporary Migration (2018)

During the so-called "refugee crisis” in Europe, the presence of migrant groups in European cities has motivated very different reactions from local authorities and civil society. Taking into ... [more ▼]

During the so-called "refugee crisis” in Europe, the presence of migrant groups in European cities has motivated very different reactions from local authorities and civil society. Taking into consideration two key aspects, the typology of destination cities and reaction of local authorities, we focus on two specific cities—Ventimiglia and Calais—because they are both situated at important points of passage on the borders between states. Also in each case, local authorities have chosen a deterrence approach in the form of a ban on food distribution to deal with immigration issues. We analyze the different ways in which local authorities of Ventimiglia and Calais have implemented bans directed at food distribution programs for migrants and the responses to the bans from local citizens’ solidarity organizations. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (2 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailFrom global representations to images of the field: exploring artistes solidarity on (im)mobility spaces
Da Silva, Amanda Carolina ULiege

Conference (2018, July 03)

This paper aims to add insight to the role that arts play in the immigrants and artistes expirience, and making visible migrants particularly excluded (irregular migrants for exemple). Pulling together ... [more ▼]

This paper aims to add insight to the role that arts play in the immigrants and artistes expirience, and making visible migrants particularly excluded (irregular migrants for exemple). Pulling together qualitative data from Calais and Liege artistic projects, this paper explores the role that arts plays in building bridges between society and the immigrants in other hand its is also important to explore how this particular art is perceived and what challenges artists encounter to put immigrants on the scene. Maggie O'Neill in her book Transnational Refugees: The Transformative Role of Art? Will argue “that in the process of renewing methodologies and working in collaboration with artists to conduct performative praxis and art a "potential space", a transformative space emerges, a "potential space" for transformative possibilities”. There is strong literature to support the role that art therapy can play in helping refugees address trauma (Kalmanowitz and Lloyd, 2016). At the social level, we also see the role the artists can play in challenging dominant narratives art created by immigrants can help to show the discriminatory treatment of migrants leading to debates (Johnston and Pratt, 2010). It is clear from the literature that arts and culture play various functions on the integration and immigration issues, but what is the impact of these artistic works and this artistc experience to migrants? The world of arts is itself complex and dependent in diferent levels, of state, diffusers, and artists, as some researchers emphasize the relevance of institutions on the study of art and immigration as the policy contexts, funding structures, places of diffusion of art and culture (theaters) [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailBringing Solidarity and Hostility to EU borders: The Calais Camps at the Heart of French-UK Securitization of Immigration Process
Da Silva, Amanda Carolina ULiege

in Timofey, Agarin; Nevena, Nancheva (Eds.) European crisis, perspectives on refugees, solidarity, and Europe (2018)

In the last decade immigration became a major issue in public debates across the European Union (EU). The EU focussed on the securitization of immigration, placing it in the centre of the integration ... [more ▼]

In the last decade immigration became a major issue in public debates across the European Union (EU). The EU focussed on the securitization of immigration, placing it in the centre of the integration process; which was further connected with the construction of an internal space of security for Europeans, while reifying the social boundaries that exclude non-Europeans. Additionally, EU members developed a restrictive and defensive immigration policy to keep the unasked-for immigrant on the outer side the EU borders. The present paper starts from the assumption that the securitization of immigration is an approach employed to deal with people’s movement, as well as to legitimize exclusion and justify the increasing vulnerability of migrants. It also contends that immigrants’ camps represent a part of the security apparatus: they separate migrants from the rest of the society and, thus, prevent integration. Thus, this paper observes the securitization dynamics in the border area between France and the United Kingdom, analysing its impact in the city of Calais. Since closing the hangar of Sangatte, France and the UK uphold a ‘security logic’ that exteriorizes the UK borders to Calais, while interiorizing French boundaries through the construction of camps and perpetuating the migrant’s exclusion. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 87 (8 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe art to talk on immigration: a state of emergency
Da Silva, Amanda Carolina ULiege

Conference (2017, June 29)

This paper intend to present the results of the state of emergency project. The project started in 2014 with a simple question: how researchers that work in immigration can communicate with civil society ... [more ▼]

This paper intend to present the results of the state of emergency project. The project started in 2014 with a simple question: how researchers that work in immigration can communicate with civil society outside the traditional academic channels? It is not only a matter of popularization of academic research, but mainly brings researchers into society, far from the academic walls. The answer to this question was the art and the spaces of culture. Art, and also cultural spaces have enormous potential, its could bring together different social groups and help researchers to be in society, and making their research accessible. In the society, debates on immigration are mostly dominated by media and political representations, what is also polarizing societies between solidarity and anti-immigration movement's. Therefore, the presence of researchers to discuss the immigration issue in society has become urgent. The state of emergency project had as a bases my research, “The borders of Nord-Pas-deCalais” (2014), and brought together two dancers, two acrobats, a scene director and a plastic artist. The project started from the assumption that art is a collective production, but artistic intention started with the individual consciousness on the issue the artist is focusing. It was adopted the artistic improvisation method to develop a spectacle and other tolls. In order to incorporate research on immigration into artistic production it was necessary to present and to appropriate the artists of basic concepts, but also carry out a fieldwork, that was developed during a month at the French border (Calais city). The methodology adopted by the artists consisted in a fieldwork. The project took two years to be concluded. The result was a dance spectacle, “Dites a ma mère que je suis la”, and a hybrid form of workshop that mixes the artistic and the methods of immigration research. I contrast, I developed during the project a multi-sited ethnography whit the artists. Where the main objective was to understand which impact the scientific knowledge on the issue could produce in artist's way to see immigration, and how this new approach could change the researcher and artist productions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (3 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Borders of Nord-Pas-de-Calais: Camps, Actors and Insecurity
Da Silva, Amanda Carolina ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

I explore the securitization of the immigration process developed between France and the UK as units of the EU regional security complex. My main intention was to not only identify how both countries ... [more ▼]

I explore the securitization of the immigration process developed between France and the UK as units of the EU regional security complex. My main intention was to not only identify how both countries securitized immigration together, but also to identify the social consequences its produces for the city of Calais. The FR-UK immigration policy has been implemented in the city of Calais since 2002, and over time security apparatus has become more sophisticated, which sums up the transposition of the UK border and construction of refugee camps and jungles. As a result of this process, it was possible to identify the appearance of self-established camps, emergence of new actors, and rise of nationalism. I aim to highlight the relevance of bilateral policies developed between both countries and its impacts in Calais. From this, policies’ and migrants’ representations of emerging camps, new actors and nationalism will produce considerable changes in the city. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (5 ULiège)
See detailThe Borders of Nord-Pas-de-Calais: Camps, Actors and Insecurity
Da Silva, Amanda Carolina ULiege

Scientific conference (2017, March 03)

I explore the securitization of the immigration process developed between France and the UK as units of the EU regional security complex. My main intention was to not only identify how both countries ... [more ▼]

I explore the securitization of the immigration process developed between France and the UK as units of the EU regional security complex. My main intention was to not only identify how both countries securitized immigration together, but also to identify the social consequences its produces for the city of Calais. The FR-UK immigration policy has been implemented in the city of Calais since 2002, and over time security apparatus has become more sophisticated, which sums up the transposition of the UK border and construction of refugee camps and jungles. As a result of this process, it was possible to identify the appearance of self-established camps, emergence of new actors, and rise of nationalism. I aim to highlight the relevance of bilateral policies developed between both countries and its impacts in Calais. From this, policies’ and migrants’ representations of emerging camps, new actors and nationalism will produce considerable changes in the city. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (4 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailShaping (im)mobility: borders, camps, and non-state actors
Da Silva, Amanda Carolina ULiege

Conference (2016, October 07)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (7 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailShaping (im)mobility in border camps: a case study of the transformation of Calais camps and its actors
Da Silva, Amanda Carolina ULiege

Conference (2016, July 13)

This paper explores the transition of informal temporary camps on the French border to a sustainable state, and discusses how local policy decisions and non-state actors worked together for the ... [more ▼]

This paper explores the transition of informal temporary camps on the French border to a sustainable state, and discusses how local policy decisions and non-state actors worked together for the implementation of a semi-permanent exclusion system based on the refugee crisis. I observe this issue as a result of a securitization process. The securitization apparatus (speech acts and policies), produced the immobility of a group. In the other hand actors will emerge to produce mobility. When a situation is defined as a crisis, atypical actions can be employed to protect the «political community». I started from the assumption that dialectic relation between securitization and camps actors had a high impact on the projects of refugees, and so long in their mobility. This is a question of integration policies at the local level. I aim to highlight the local level relevance, where the integration is primarily implemented, and therefore local and regional context should matter as much as the national model for integration (Martiniello, 2013). In Calais, due to the lack of immigrants policies, civilians associations started to react and build informal camps, but due to recent "crisis" the Stat concentrated all refugees in a single camp, 6 kilometers from the city center, called bidonville. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 129 (9 ULiège)
See detailétape de résidence du projet état d'urgence
Da Silva, Amanda Carolina ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

Amanda Da Silva, chercheuse en migrations internationales, analyse les politiques migratoires de l’Union Européenne, à travers la notion de « sécurisation de l’immigration ». Ce courant théorique ... [more ▼]

Amanda Da Silva, chercheuse en migrations internationales, analyse les politiques migratoires de l’Union Européenne, à travers la notion de « sécurisation de l’immigration ». Ce courant théorique vient de l’école d’études critiques de la sécurité et a pour concepts centraux : menace, sécurité et frontières. Par la notion de sécurisation, l’immigration est conceptualisée par la communauté politique comme une source d’insécurité. Des frontières sont érigées pour protéger une société où les discours et les politiques migratoires restrictives cristallisent l’image de l’immigrant en tant que menace. Cette recherche révèle que l’absence d’accueil de la part des États et le manque d’information généralisé servent la construction de camps où les réfugiés sont à la merci du marché de l’immigration clandestine et de la violence. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (2 ULiège)
See detailThat crisis idea! Refugee camps in European borders, from urgent condition to sustainable state
Da Silva, Amanda Carolina ULiege

Scientific conference (2016, April 01)

This article aims to explore the transition process of informal camps on the French border to a sustainable state, similarly to « ghettoization ». I observe this issue as a result of a ... [more ▼]

This article aims to explore the transition process of informal camps on the French border to a sustainable state, similarly to « ghettoization ». I observe this issue as a result of a securitizationprocess. I started from the assumption that the ethical and cultural dimensions have particular relevance in this process. This issue requires a transversal analysis, of policies and speeches of actors at local, national and international levels. This is a question of integration policies at the local level more than a question of national or European immigration models. I aim to highlight the local the local level relevance, where the integration is primarily implemented, and therefore local and regional context should matter as much as the national model for the analysis of integration (Martiniello, 2013). In Calais, due to the lack of local immigration policies the civilian population has been pushed to react, they started to build temporary camps, this initiative increased the social exclusion. The civil associations gained more relevance and followers by Facebook, what changes the engagement that pass from local to transnational. In Calais the migratory flow and the informal camps called jungles are known since 1999, until May 2014 these camps around the city center possessed temporary vocation, and were destroyed and rebuilt daily. Therefore, this is also a matter of security speeches. The definition of the context as a crisis situation made possible an agreement between the associations and the government, that amidthe destruction of small camps and concentrated all refugees in a single area, 6.1 kilometers from the city. The political decisions concerning the space occupied by these individuals aimed to make them invisible, placing them far from the city and limiting their access to city services, which by consequence led to the construction of a ghetto. When a situation is defined as a crisis, it passes immediately to the state security sphere, where atypical actions, (as border militarization, mass expulsions, police repression), can be employed to protect the «political community» and eliminate the source of the crisis. This means that in a context defined as a crisis, temporality gains an important dimension, as evokes short term solutions, mobilizing more efforts in building urgency camps than in the areas related to integration. On the other hand the temporary camps, while urgent measures will endure and be normalised, becoming durable spaces of exclusion. The originality of this proposal is to discuss how local policy decisions and non-state actors worked together with a system of temporary camps for the implementation of a complex, semi-permanent exclusion system. This is a matter of contextual perception as a crisis situation, which is designed by production of speeches, and will determine the nature and timeliness of actions and political elaborations. The idea of the refugee crisis is then mobilized to justify emergency actions and security policies; such as closing borders, construction and maintenance of camps as an emergency response. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 398 (5 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailNos amis, les immigrants! Les acteurs non-etatiques et ses discours
Da Silva, Amanda Carolina ULiege

Conference (2015, June 18)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (2 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailThe boundaries of Nord-Pas-de-Calais: a study on the securitization of immigration in France.
Da Silva, Amanda Carolina ULiege

Scientific conference (2015, June 17)

This article aims to analyze the migration policies of France through the prism of securitization of immigration theory, and presenting the results of this process through a field study. The ... [more ▼]

This article aims to analyze the migration policies of France through the prism of securitization of immigration theory, and presenting the results of this process through a field study. The securitization conceives the notion of insecurity as a phenomenon politically and discursively constructed (Huysmans, 2000; Buzan, 2012 ). The construction of threats will then justify the emergence of institutions and policies for the protection of a society that is being threatened. In the post September 11 refugees become a source of insecutiry, because security policies had as a main goal the movement control of people. When immigration is conceptualized as a source of insecurity for the political community it will redraw borders and boundaries. The borders have an inclusion and exclusion function which together perform a complex dialogue, figuring an ambivalence in the sense that they are spaces of distinction and contact. In this sense, "cultural boundaries" are constructed and transmitted as groups identities, these borders are erected to limit territorial and social ambiguities. In the french case, immigration and integration policies are guided by universalist republican model, it can be defined as nationalist and imperialist, while at the same time stressing universal political values, such as equal protection of all individuals before the law (Hollifield, 2006). The nature of this model provides a structural problem for implementing policies for minorities, that along with political speeches, against immigration, provided the increase in nationalism. The field research on the situation of refugees in Nord-Pas-de-Calais allowed to identify the results of the securitization of immigration process, which France and the UK are implicated. In Calais, the borders and boundaries are erected in permanence and immigrants remain confined in the jungles and squats. It was possible to clarify that humanitarian actors and activists became part of this process. This research reveals an absence of welcome context (from the government), where refugees are at the mercy of the illegal immigration market and police violence. Moreover these immigrants are living in «securitized» places that are the reflection of a movement prevention for those that are classified as undesirables, then any action that might challenge this system will be interpreted as a threat as well. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 365 (7 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSecuritização da imigração e tráfico de seres humanos na União Europeia: uma pesquisa de campo sobre as jungles de Calais
Da Silva, Amanda Carolina ULiege; Machado, Fernando Luis

in Gueraldi, Michelle (Ed.) Cadernos tematicos sobre trafico de pessoas: Migração e Tráfico de Pessoas (2014)

This article aims to present the results of a field research developed in the city of Calais (2013 - 2014) in France. The particularities of this border and immigrants policies of the European Union are ... [more ▼]

This article aims to present the results of a field research developed in the city of Calais (2013 - 2014) in France. The particularities of this border and immigrants policies of the European Union are responsible for the development of informal camps, where the exploitation of immigrants is an inseparable part of the context. I used as a theoretical approach to securitization of immigration. In the EU the securitization of immigration, illegal immigration and human trafficking are a linked phenomena. Currently immigrants and refugees are unprotected and defined as a source of insecurity, they are exclud and so long an inexhaustible source for criminal networks and activities related to human exploration. There are about 1,000 immigrants living in Calais (they live in camps known as jungles), waiting for an opportunity to cross the border. Calais is the 5th poorest city in France, where widespread insecurity of the inhabitants make it a conducive environment for the development of mafias and human trafficking, as well as the normalization of this "service" for the use of the term passeur. Through the field research, it was found that the majority of inhabitants of the jungles are refugees statutarian or de facto who were taken to Calais by human smugglers networks. These refugees are devoid of EU protection, and survive with the help of charities. it was possible to observ that securitization and lack of technical knowledge of non-state actors are crucial to further development of human smuggling and reproduction of securitization. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 112 (3 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailAs fronteiras de Nord-Pas-de-Calais: um estudo de campo sobre a securitização da imigração em França
Da Silva, Amanda Carolina ULiege

Master's dissertation (2014)

This thesis aims to analyze the migration policies of France through the prism of the securitization of immigration theory. This theoretical current comes from the school of critical security studies, and ... [more ▼]

This thesis aims to analyze the migration policies of France through the prism of the securitization of immigration theory. This theoretical current comes from the school of critical security studies, and has as central concepts security threat, borders and boundaries. The securitization observes that immigration is conceptualized as a source of insecurity for the political community, where the boundaries are erected to protect autochthonous, where political speeches (anti-immigration) and migration policies (restrictive) are convergent. The french immigration and integration policies are guided by universalist republican model. The nature of this model provides a structural problem for implementing policies for minorities, that along with political speeches, against immigration, provided the increase in nationalism. There is a facility to convert the refugees into a source of insecurity due to the competition between human security and national security. The refugees are in the gray zone of migration policies, where the concept can be easily manipulated, and the criteria for granting refugee status may be contested. The field research on the situation of refugees in Nord-Pas-de-Calais demonstrates that the dialectic between the concepts of refugee, illegal immigrant and sans-papiers contributes for the permanence of insecurity and confinement of refugees between the borders, which France and United Kingdom are implicated. This research reveals an absence of welcome context (of the government), where refugees are at the mercy of the illegal immigration market and police violence [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (1 ULiège)