References of "Charlier, Nathan"
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See detailGouverner la recherche entre excellence scientifique et pertinence sociétale. Une comparaison des régimes flamand et wallon de politique scientifique
Charlier, Nathan ULiege

Book published by Presses Universitaires de Liège (2021)

Au cours des quarante dernières années, les politiques scientifiques ont fortement évolué partout dans le monde, notamment pour faire contribuer plus directement la recherche à l’innovation et à la ... [more ▼]

Au cours des quarante dernières années, les politiques scientifiques ont fortement évolué partout dans le monde, notamment pour faire contribuer plus directement la recherche à l’innovation et à la croissance économique. En conséquence, la recherche est devenue un objet qu’il faut évaluer, comparer, orienter, bref, gouverner de manière stratégique. Dans cette nouvelle configuration, entre excellence scientifique et pertinence sociétale, les outils de financement orientent les agendas de recherche, les universités s’ouvrent à de nouvelles interactions avec l’industrie et les chercheurs disposent de moins en moins d’autonomie. Ils doivent rendre des comptes et leurs performances font l’objet d’indicateurs et d’évaluations régulières. Or, dans une temporalité similaire, Flandre et Wallonie ont pris des trajectoires politiques et institutionnelles distinctes suite au processus de réforme de l’État belge, donnant lieu à des transformations différentes de leurs politiques de recherche. Cet ouvrage est le premier à explorer cette double dynamique de transformation de manière comparée en Flandre et en Wallonie. Au travers d’études de cas approfondies, il s’attache à décrire les pratiques, analyser les discours et interpréter les choix de ceux qui organisent, subsidient, évaluent, orientent et donnent un cadre d’action aux universités et aux chercheurs. Les différents chapitres explorent tour à tour deux espaces de concertation (le Conseil Wallon de la Politique scientifique et le Vlaamse Raad voor Wetenschap en Innovatie), deux universités (l’ULiège et l’UGent) et deux centres de recherche universitaires dans le domaine des biotechnologies (le GIGA et le VIB). L’ouvrage donne des outils pour comprendre comment la recherche se transforme, à la croisée d’évolutions globales et de choix politiques régionaux. La Flandre, marquée par une ambition de compétition internationale, met d’abord en avant la performance et la productivité des scientifiques, tandis que la Wallonie demande surtout à ses chercheurs de contribuer au redéploiement industriel de la région. Cet ouvrage met en lumière les effets et les tensions résultant de ces orientations. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluating Large-Scale Integrated Care Projects: The Development of a Protocol for a Mixed Methods Realist Evaluation Study in Belgium
Goderis, Geert; Colman, Elien; Alvarez Irusta, Lucia et al

in International Journal of Integrated Care (2020)

Background: The twelve Integrated Care Program pilot projects (ICPs) created by the government plan ‘Integrated Care for Better Health’ aim to achieve four outcome types (the Quadruple Aim) for people ... [more ▼]

Background: The twelve Integrated Care Program pilot projects (ICPs) created by the government plan ‘Integrated Care for Better Health’ aim to achieve four outcome types (the Quadruple Aim) for people with chronic diseases in Belgium: improved population health, improved patient and provider experiences and improved cost efficiency. The aim of this article is to present the development of a mixed methods realist evaluation of this large-scale, whole system change programme. Methods: A scientific team was commissioned to co-design and implement an evaluation protocol in close collaboration with the government, the ICPs and several other involved stakeholders. Results: A protocol for a mixed methods realist evaluation was developed to gain insights into the mechanisms that foster successful results in ICPs. The qualitative evaluation proposed will be based on the document analysis of yearly ICP progress reports, selected case studies and focus group interviews with stakeholders. Processes and outcomes of all the projects will be monitored using indicators based on administrative data on population health and the quality and costs of care. A yearly survey will be organized to collect data on patient-reported outcomes and experiences and on provider-reported measures of inter-professional collaboration and proper wellbeing. Using both quantitative and qualitative data, we will develop theories about the mechanisms and the associated contextual factors that lead to integrated care and the Quadruple Aim outcomes. Discussion: The objective of this study is to deliver policy recommendations on strategies and best practices to improve care integration in Belgium and to implement a sustainable monitoring system that serves both policy makers and the stakeholders within the ICPs. Some challenges due to the large scale of the project and the multiple stakeholders involved may impede the successful implementation of this proposal. [less ▲]

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See detailParticipative methods to mobilise a whole-system change towards integrated care for chronic care in Belgium
Van Durme, Thérèse; Colman, Elien; Anthierens, Sibyl et al

Conference (2019, April)

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See detailThe co-creation in the design of a dashboard to develop a population health approach: initial experience from Integreo program
Alvarez Irusta, Lucia; Macq, Jean; Van Durme, Thérèse et al

Conference (2019, April)

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See detailFlanders Ahead, Wallonia Behind (But Catching up): Reconstructing Communities Through Science, Technology and Innovation Policymaking
Van Oudheusden, Michiel ULiege; Charlier, Nathan ULiege; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

in Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society (2019)

Drawing on a documentary analysis of two socio-economic policy programs, one Flemish (“Vlaanderen In Actie”), the other Walloon (“Marshall Plans”), and a discourse analysis of how these programs are ... [more ▼]

Drawing on a documentary analysis of two socio-economic policy programs, one Flemish (“Vlaanderen In Actie”), the other Walloon (“Marshall Plans”), and a discourse analysis of how these programs are received in one Flemish and one Francophone quality newspaper, this article illustrates how Flanders and Wallonia both seek to become top- performing knowledge-based economies (KBEs). The paper discerns a number of discursive repertoires, such as “Catching up,” which policy actors draw on to legitimize or question the transformation of Flanders and Wallonia into KBEs. The “Catching up” repertoire places Flanders resolutely ahead of Wallonia in the global race towards knowledge, excellence, and growth, but suggests that Wallonia may, in due course, overtake Flanders as a top competitive region. Given the expectations and fears that “Catching up” evokes among Flemish and Walloon policy actors, the repertoire serves these actors as a flexible discursive resource to make sense of, and shape, their collective futures and their regional identities. The article’s findings underline the simultaneity of, and the interplay between, globalizing forces and particularizing tendencies, as Flanders and Wallonia develop with a global KBE in region-specific ways. [less ▲]

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See detailGenerating “evidence-based guidelines” in integrated care programs: translations and requalifications
Charlier, Nathan ULiege

Conference (2018, August)

The Belgian government program “Integreo” is a large policy plan that aims at implementing integrated care for patients with multiple chronic conditions. Integrated health services are defined by WHO as ... [more ▼]

The Belgian government program “Integreo” is a large policy plan that aims at implementing integrated care for patients with multiple chronic conditions. Integrated health services are defined by WHO as: “the management and delivery of health services so that people receive a continuum of preventive and curative services according to their needs over time and across different levels of the health system”. In practice,14 pilot projects will implement integrated care programs in local settings, involving various healthcare professionals to change the organization of care provision in specific networks. “Evidence-based guidelines” in care provision is presented as a key component of the policy plan. Yet it remains somewhat under-defined and problematic. Integrated care calls for patient-centered multidisciplinary coordination, while many “evidences” emanate from monodisciplinary settings, focusing on one pathology. According to policy documents, evidence-based guidelines should be assessable by standardized indicators, but they should also be adapted to the context in order to be operational and clear. Thus, to generate guidelines and change practices, evidences have to go through multiple translations among different groups of stakeholders: scientists, government authorities, healthcare practitioners. Furthermore, once established, evidence-based guidelines might clash with other key components of integrated care such as patient involvement. As part of the scientific team evaluating the pilot projects, I will observe the implementation of the policy plan and the interactions between its stakeholders. I will investigate how "evidence-based guidelines" unfold in the policy plan, in different settings and groups, allowing me to draw insightful conclusions about the requalification of knoweldgeS. [less ▲]

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See detailA possible theory of change for “Integreo Reform”
Charlier, Nathan ULiege; Colman, Elien

Conference (2018, May)

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See detailAnticiper les changements technologiques pour ne plus les subir
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Charlier, Nathan ULiege; Chefneux, Luc et al

Article for general public (2018)

Carte blanche pour l'instauration en Wallonie d'un "Institut d'évaluation des technologies" : allons-nous encore nous contenter de subir les développements technologiques ou allons-nous choisir de les ... [more ▼]

Carte blanche pour l'instauration en Wallonie d'un "Institut d'évaluation des technologies" : allons-nous encore nous contenter de subir les développements technologiques ou allons-nous choisir de les débattre, les questionner et participer de manière concertée à orienter leur trajectoire ? [less ▲]

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See detailLes instruments de mesure de performance au service de l’action publique : une analyse comparée des dispositifs de régulation de la recherche universitaire dans les communautés belges
Fallon, Catherine ULiege; Charlier, Nathan ULiege

in Politique et Management public (2018)

Political discourses help to define the legitimate and mobilizable conceptions to justify a certain exercise of power: it is at the level of their pragmatic translations within the devices of government ... [more ▼]

Political discourses help to define the legitimate and mobilizable conceptions to justify a certain exercise of power: it is at the level of their pragmatic translations within the devices of government that a certain "theory of action" is read that proposes and legitimizes the political problem to be solved and the modalities of public intervention (Rose & Miller, 1992). This article mobilizes a constructivist perspective that integrates the transformations of the state and its modes of action in Belgium, in the field of science policy: since 1988, universities have followed very different paths in the two communities, Flemish and French-speaking, to the extent that the Belgian territory today presents two political regimes of higher education and research. By analyzing at the level of individual actors some recent mechanisms for the management of university quality and the regulation of public funding of research, this comparative approach helps to bring to light the specific dynamics of normativity at the heart of the evaluation mechanisms that constitute forms of governmentality (Foucault, 1978) based on the commitment of the actors concerned. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation et transformation en Belgique
Fallon, Catherine ULiege; Charlier, Nathan ULiege

in Barats, Christine; Bouchard, Julie; Haakenstad, Arielle (Eds.) Faire et dire l’évaluation. Regards des sciences sociales sur les fabriques contemporaines de l’évaluation dans l’enseignement supérieur et la recherche (2018)

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