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See detailA decade of evolution of dual-use trade control concepts: strengthening or weakening non-proliferation of WMD
Michel, Quentin ULiege; Caponetti, Lia ULiege; Kolakowska-Falkowska, Irena et al

Book published by European Studies Unit (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 71 (9 ULiège)
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See detailDo academic activities contribute to WMD proliferation?
Paile, Sylvain ULiege; Michel, Quentin ULiege; Caponetti, Lia ULiege et al

Book published by European Studies Unit - University of Liège (2018)

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See detailLooking for the correlation between EU international trade policy and its dual-use export controls outreach programme: the WMD clause coherence
Caponetti, Lia ULiege

in Michel, Quentin; Lehofer, Wolfgang (Eds.) Incentives of Europe for Non-Proliferation Outreach Activities (2017)

The contribution aims at identifying a correlation between the European Union (EU) international trade policy - limited to mixed agreements between the EU and third countries - and the dual-use export ... [more ▼]

The contribution aims at identifying a correlation between the European Union (EU) international trade policy - limited to mixed agreements between the EU and third countries - and the dual-use export controls outreach programme implemented by the EU, called P2P (Partner to Partner) programme for dual-use goods. The first part sets out preliminary definitions to clarify what it is meant by mixed agreements and to identify the geographical scope of both variables: EU mixed agreements signed/being negotiated worldwide and third countries part of the EU P2P programme. It follows an analytical comparison which, by overlapping the geographical scope of the two variables, looks for countries part of the P2P which have also signed a trade agreement (TA) with the EU. At this stage of the analysis, the inclusion of a WMD non-proliferation clause in these agreements is inquired as proof of coherency between EU international trade policy and export controls priorities. The inclusion or non-inclusion of the WMD non-proliferation clause, as well as the date of the agreements are considered as tools seeking to identify the underlying logic driving the (co)relation between EU international trade and its dual-use export controls programme. The last part of the paper seeks to test the correlation in practice, by comparing the outcomes of the P2P in two different countries, Kazakhstan and Jordan. The final aim of the analysis is the identification of the independent variable, which means to answer the question: is EU international trade policy serving dual-use export controls’ objectives or is it the opposite? [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduction to International Strategic Trade Control Regimes
Michel, Quentin ULiege; Caponetti, Lia ULiege

Book published by European Studies Unit (2017)

The book introduces trade restrictions for security reasons and how international and European legally and politically binding regimes regulate the different categories of strategic items controlled. Part ... [more ▼]

The book introduces trade restrictions for security reasons and how international and European legally and politically binding regimes regulate the different categories of strategic items controlled. Part I outlines the overall structure and general principles of the World Trade Organisation (WTO). It focuses on provisions which establish the possibility of derogations to the general principle of free trade, within the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). In this framework, Article XX of the GATT, which establishes general exceptions, is succinctly explored, while the main part of this chapter is devoted to the analysis of Article XXI, which sets up security exceptions. Part II explores free trade exceptions organized by international legally and politically binding instruments, covering the following categories of items: — Conventional Weapons; — Weapons of mass destruction (WMD-including nuclear, chemical and biological weapons) and Dual-Use Items; — Conflict Minerals; — Diamonds; — Cultural Goods. Finally, Part III analyses the same categories of items under the European Union law perspective. [less ▲]

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See detailMass Surveillance Technology: Trading Trojan Horses
Caponetti, Lia ULiege

in Strategic Trade Review (2016), (Spring 2016), 53-71

This paper challenges the effectiveness and necessity of “mass surveillance technology”(MST) on two dimensions: (a) states’ internal use of MST and the subsequent issue of violation of fundamental ... [more ▼]

This paper challenges the effectiveness and necessity of “mass surveillance technology”(MST) on two dimensions: (a) states’ internal use of MST and the subsequent issue of violation of fundamental freedoms, and (b) surveillance technology export control, especially to third countries likely to use such technology to violate human rights. Following the Snowden Datagate scandal, many States undertook inquiries and adopted measures that, in some cases, were meant to regulate the use of mass surveillance technology. The paper will: a) assess and evaluate current regulations on mass surveillance technology and its place in democratic societies, including what is at stake in terms of technology, threats, reactions to threats, and geographic extension, b) the risks linked to the use of MST on the national level by questioning the validity of counter-terrorism measures as a justification for MST use c) analyze international trade control regimes and legislation to highlighting their inadequacy in the face of the threats posed by MST, and d) map the evolution of the EU dual-use trade control system towards a human security approach with regard to human rights protection, in order to assess the capability of the system to avoid the misuse of MST. [less ▲]

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See detailComment définir le service public à travers ses différentes facettes, missions et principes?
Caponetti, Lia ULiege; Sak, Barbara

Report (2016)

This paper introduces key notions to public services in Belgium and Europe such as: collective interest, public interest and general interest, analysed in a historical and evolutionary perspective, and ... [more ▼]

This paper introduces key notions to public services in Belgium and Europe such as: collective interest, public interest and general interest, analysed in a historical and evolutionary perspective, and then presented and discussed in their present understanding. Particular emphasis is put on the French notions issued from the French law given their contribution in shaping European law which is regulating today an important part of the organisation of public services. Missions attributed to public services are then classified following a Matriochka model, on the basis on their scope/proximity to the general interest: missions of general interest, missions of public service, missions of universal service and, finally, missions of minimum service. The seven basic principles framing public services are also presented. The second part of the paper deals with the notion of public service under the European Union’s perspective. Here the concept of services of general interest (SGI) is introduced and shaded with other deriving notions such as: services of general economic interest (SGEI) and social services general interest (SSGI). Principles and values at the basis of the European notions are finally presented and analysed through a review of legislation. [less ▲]

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See detailLe cadre réglementaire européen en matière de services publics : législation, financement et contraintes
Caponetti, Lia ULiege

Report (2016)

This paper provides an overview of public services / services of general (economic) interest from the European Union (EU) perspective. The first part sums up, in four theoretical phases, the evolutionary ... [more ▼]

This paper provides an overview of public services / services of general (economic) interest from the European Union (EU) perspective. The first part sums up, in four theoretical phases, the evolutionary process that led to the consolidation of the European legal framework for those services. The second part analyses the legal provisions, within EU treaties, dedicated to those services. Finally, the third part highlights some of the most critical issues related to the regulation of such services, notably: financing issues, regulation of State aid and the division of competence between the EU level and the national level (principle of subsidiarity). [less ▲]

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See detailServices publics et missions de service publicain belgique - Etat des lieux
Caponetti, Lia ULiege; Sak, Barbara; Demertzis, Vaia

Report (2016)

This paper presents various possible ways of organizing public services, focusing on economic services entrusted with a public service mission. Sections 2 and 3 give a general overview of the public ... [more ▼]

This paper presents various possible ways of organizing public services, focusing on economic services entrusted with a public service mission. Sections 2 and 3 give a general overview of the public sector in Belgium and public enterprises in particular. It shows that the management contract has become the main instrument for ‘managing’ a public service mission in Belgium and for supervising its organisation. The federal legislation, which served as a model for public service contracts for the other levels of government, is explained in particular in Section 4. Various illustrations of companies – presented in the appendix to this paper – make it possible to detail certain missions entrusted by contract Management and by delegation of public service mission at various institutional levels in Belgium. Finally, Section 6 recalls the importance of investments in order to ensure quality public services. [less ▲]

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See detailItaly’ sanctions system related to dual-use trade violations
Caponetti, Lia ULiege

in Michel, Quentin; Jankowitsch-Prevor, Odette; Paile, Sylvain (Eds.) Controlling the Trade of Strategic Goods: sanctions and penalties (2016)

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See detailFrom models to a model?
Caponetti, Lia ULiege

in Jankowitsch-Prevor, Odette; Michel, Quentin; Paile, Sylvain (Eds.) Modelling Dual-Use Trade Control Systems (2014)

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See detailEuropean Union’s WMD Non-proliferation policy: the competence-sharing between EU institutions
Caponetti, Lia ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2014)

This paper seeks to analyse the formation and change of the European Union’s WMD non-proliferation policy. The change of this policy is the result of the double, parallel evolution of the WMD concept and ... [more ▼]

This paper seeks to analyse the formation and change of the European Union’s WMD non-proliferation policy. The change of this policy is the result of the double, parallel evolution of the WMD concept and of the EU institutional framework. In section one, the two evolution processes are reviewed through the analysis of the EU’s key-documents about the WMD non-proliferation issues. Section two overviews the implementation of the EU non-proliferation policy and emphasizes the significance of the “horizontal” nature of this policy field. Section three sorts out and examines the main constraints on the effectiveness of the EU WMD non-proliferation policy. The Conclusion makes the overall assessment of the policy and addresses its future perspectives. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 73 (3 ULiège)