References of "Burny, Philippe"
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See detailCoffee cooperatives and women empowerment in Rwanda’s rural areas - A case study of Karaba coffee cooperative
Gisaro M., Ya-Bititi; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege; Orjuela, Camilla et al

in Roelants, Bruno; Eum, Hyungsik; Esim, Simel (Eds.) et al Cooperatives and the World of Work (2019)

Cooperatives bring socio-economic benefits to their members through combining forces with others. Worldwide, it is estimated that there are around 800,000 cooperatives which provide affordable products ... [more ▼]

Cooperatives bring socio-economic benefits to their members through combining forces with others. Worldwide, it is estimated that there are around 800,000 cooperatives which provide affordable products and services and access to resources (UNDESA, 2014). Cooperatives create opportunities and promote income generating activities for many communities by providing goods and services through their daily activities. They provide medical care, access to markets, and job creation. Apart from enabling their members to access economies of scale, cooperatives help to enhance the status of their members to voice their needs and challenges in the community. Access to resources helps cooperative members to improve the quality of life by enhancing social and economic empowerment of women. It is in this context that Karaba coffee farmers joined their organization in order to address their social and economic problems. Cooperatives have empowered their members by creating jobs and other advantages. The potential contribution of women empowerment in development and poverty reduction is supported by global institutions such as the World Bank and other development practitioners. Cooperatives are used as engines of development in homesteads and agricultural activities (Gibson, 2005; UNDESA, 2012). Rwanda’s paid labour force employed as casual workers in agriculture sector and other informal sector constitute 97.3 per cent of active persons with very low salaries (Ansoms, 2008; Birchall, 2003). In addition to housework, most of the women in Rwanda’s coffee producing zones are involved in coffee production. The major concern of this study is to assess the role of cooperatives in empowering rural women in Karaba. The study aims at answering the following questions: (i) To what extent has Karaba coffee cooperative contributed to social and economic empowerment of women? (ii) What is the impact of women empowerment on Rwanda’s rural households? [less ▲]

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See detailEconomic Analysis of Perennial Crop Systems in Dak Lak Province, Vietnam
Phan Thi Thuy, ULiege; Le Duc Niem; HO, Thi Minh Hop ULiege et al

in Sustainability (2019), 11(1),

Dak Lak province, Central Highlands, Vietnam presents an interesting case in perennial crop systems, of which coffee and black pepper are the two premier commodities and contribute a large part to ... [more ▼]

Dak Lak province, Central Highlands, Vietnam presents an interesting case in perennial crop systems, of which coffee and black pepper are the two premier commodities and contribute a large part to economic growth provincially and at the national level. In recent years, in addition to mono-cropping systems, intercropping systems for diversification have developed quickly. This paper focuses on (1) comparing the economic efficiency of mono-coffee systems (MCSes), mono-pepper systems (MPSes), and coffee and pepper intercropping (CPI) by analyzing startup cost, annual cost, and profits; and (2) identifying the main factors affecting farmers’ decisions to convert their crop systems. The study was carried out by investigating 90 perennial crop samples using the three perennial crop systems (MCSes, MPSes, and CPI) in 2017–2018. Additionally, in-depth interviews and focus group discussion (FGD) methods were applied to collect more information about the operations of each system. Another survey with 37 samples (new plantations) was carried out to compute the startup cost. The findings showed evidence that MCSes had the lowest startup and annual costs, whereas MPSes had the highest costs of the three perennial crop systems. MCSes used less manure or compost in the initial setup and overused chemical fertilizer in annual production. Similarly, MPSes had high pesticide-stimulant costs in the production process to sustain crop development. The study indicated that CPI not only had the highest economic efficiency, but also created the best family employment opportunities of the three systems. Additionally, the study found some social factors that strongly influenced farmers’ decisions to shift their cropping system: These included ethnicity, education, training, and crop failure, in addition to economic factors (profits). [less ▲]

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See detailLand and agrarian reform in Rwanda: organic farming perspective
Mizero, Mireille ULiege; KARANGWA, ANTOINE; Burny, Philippe ULiege et al

in INTERNATIONAL Scientific Agricultural Symposium "Agrosym 2018":Book of Proceedings Published b y University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia (2018, October)

Since 2004, Rwanda is carrying an important land policy and a fundamental program of its farming systems transformation. The pillars of the government plan highlight the changes in land use management and ... [more ▼]

Since 2004, Rwanda is carrying an important land policy and a fundamental program of its farming systems transformation. The pillars of the government plan highlight the changes in land use management and tenure combined with improved inputs utilisation to ensure optimum productivity in the right line of the market-led agriculture. When they mention improved input, someone may understand essentiallyintensive use of commercial seeds, pesticides and chemical fertilizers. However, bio-fertilizers and natural pesticides are being promoted by the crop and livestock intensification program as well as the necessary techniques mobilised in the high quality of organic fertilizers production and use. This article aims to analyse how organic agriculture can coexist with conventional agriculture and allow agriculture operators to benefit of the market liberalisation. The literature review shows that during the agrarian system evolution, Rwandan peasants are involved in the program of land consolidation and agriculture intensification. Their level of performance has been appreciated throughout their active involvement in the commercial circuit. The main conclusion of this article is that organic farming prospects are inherent to optimal biomass valorisation especially crop residue, agro forestry and livestock dejection incorporated in the production systems. The unstructured interviews revealed that the most performing producers are those who own a minimum of 1ha with a recognized land lease and those who are using a mixture of organic manure and chemical fertilizers in potatoes. It has been demonstrated that the farmers who are enthusiastically participate in cooperatives have also an open mind to consolidate their commercial relationship. Moreover, they have constant ability to take advantage of the market, especially in pyrethrum and potatoes cropping system. [less ▲]

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See detailAgrarian and land reforms in Rwanda: Situation and perspectives
Mizero, Mireille ULiege; KARANGWA, ANTOINE; Burny, Philippe ULiege et al

in Agris On-line Papers in Economics and Informatics (2018), 10(3), 79-92

Rwanda is a landlocked country of Eastern Africa with 26,338 km2. The total arable land in Rwanda is more or less than 1.8 million ha and Rwanda has the highest population density in Africa. A series of ... [more ▼]

Rwanda is a landlocked country of Eastern Africa with 26,338 km2. The total arable land in Rwanda is more or less than 1.8 million ha and Rwanda has the highest population density in Africa. A series of policy reforms and agrarian strategic plan have been elaborated to transform the economy now oriented towards subsistence agriculture into a knowledge-based service and market-oriented economy. The research question is who has the right to land ownership for its rational use? The purpose of this article is to contribute to land sharing prospects between agricultural operators and investors in Rwanda for the optimisation of land access in the rural areas. This work is the result of deep literature review related to the situation of land issue prevailing from pre-colonial period to the recent 2004 land policy reforms in Rwanda. Crucial challenges before the beginning of the effective agrarian evolution are widely discussed. Agrarian perspectives show that the foreignization of agrarian reforms put Rwandan peasants in uncomfortable position. The changes in land use and tenure in Rwanda have been stimulated by both outside influence and inside adversary forces. The real land reform policy consists in specialization and exploitation of large-scale farms subsequent to land consolidation of small plots registered by individuals whose property certificates are preserved. Meanwhile, the required registration of land holdings does not entitle the land to definitive appropriation but it only provides the rights of use if rational exploitation is guaranteed. Such a rational system may result in expropriation for the inefficient producers.This article emphasize that in the case of Rwanda were population growth rate is high, the redistribution of land has its limits. The land consolidation should not be a rule either. Any agrarian reform must find a point of balance. This equilibrium consists in reducing the pressure on the property assets and promoting rural entrepreneurship. Agriculture program may improve and diversify the mode of land access and improved input acquisition to feed a growing population whereas non-agriculture population is gradually increasing. It has been found that farmers operating in co-operatives are more secure and have advantage for land access than individual farmers. [less ▲]

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See detailLa politique agricole commune de la revue à mi-parcours (2003) au bilan de santé (2009)
Ledent, Albert; Burny, Philippe ULiege

Book published by Les Presses universitaires de Liège (Les Presses Agronomiques de Gembloux) (2018)

Le présent ouvrage fait suite à celui paru en 2002: «La politique agricole commune des origines au 3e millénaire», auquel il se réfère fréquemment (LEDENT, BURNY, 2002). Dans le temps, il couvre en partie ... [more ▼]

Le présent ouvrage fait suite à celui paru en 2002: «La politique agricole commune des origines au 3e millénaire», auquel il se réfère fréquemment (LEDENT, BURNY, 2002). Dans le temps, il couvre en partie les périodes de programmation et financières 2000-2006 et 2007-2013. Dès le 29 septembre 2003, la Communauté a adopté une réforme fondamentale de la PAC dite «révision de la PAC à mi-parcours». Cette révision instaure un paiement unique (ou direct) par exploitation de l'Union européenne, indépendant de la production et lié au respect de normes en matière d'environnement, de santé publique, de santé des animaux et des végétaux, de bien-être des animaux et de bonnes conditions agricoles et environnementales ("écoconditionnalité"). La révision renforce la politique de développement rural, qu'elle dote de moyens financiers accrus. En outre, elle opère une réduction des paiements directs ("modulation") attribuables aux exploitations et atteignant au moins 5.000 euros par année, afin d'être en mesure d'accroître le financement du développement rural. Un événement majeur enregistré au début du siècle réside en une vague d'adhésion de 12 pays à l'Union européenne: - au 1er mai 2004 : Chypre, Estonie, Hongrie, Lettonie, Lituanie, Malte, Pologne, République tchèque, Slovaquie, Slovénie; - au 1er janvier 2007: Bulgarie, Roumanie. En élargissant l'Union à tant d'États, on la fait évoluer vers une zone de libre- échange; on s'écarte indubitablement du fédéralisme, auquel aspiraient, rêvaient la plupart des pères fondateurs de l'Europe et bien d'autres citoyens. Cette évolution est appréciée des États-Unis d'Amérique et de certains États membres: Royaume-Uni, Suède, Malte, Danemark, Pays-Bas, République tchèque, ... La réglementation régissant la PAC est particulièrement abondante et complexe bien que la Commission européenne et le Conseil de l'Union européenne (dénommé auparavant Conseil des ministres) s'attachent à sa simplification sur le plan législatif. Le règlement (CE) n°1234/2007 du 22 octobre 2007, dit règlement «OCM unique», portant organisation des marchés dans le secteur agricole et dispositions spécifiques en ce qui concerne certains produits de ce secteur (JO L 299 du 16.11.2007, 149 pages) est le fruit de longs efforts ; il était attendu. À mesure que la législation en matière d'organisation des marchés est modifiée ou complétée, le règlement OCM unique est mis à jour. Le règlement (CE) n° 1782/2003 (voir chapitre 1) prévoit le calcul du paiement unique (aides directes) aux agriculteurs en recourant à la méthode historique ou à la régionalisation du régime de paiement. En vue de l'application de ces méthodes, il est fixé un montant de référence qui est la moyenne sur trois ans (2000, 2001 et 2002) des montants totaux des paiements accordés à un agriculteur. Pour chaque État membre, le total des montants de référence ne peut être supérieur au plafond national. Dans l'application de la méthode historique proprement dite, le montant de référence est spécifique à chaque agriculteur. Au plus tard le 1er août 2004, un État membre pouvait décider de mettre en œuvre le régime du paiement unique prévu à l'échelle régionale. Il devait définir les régions selon des critères objectifs et en respectant le plafond national prévu. L'État membre subdivise celui-ci entre les régions. Chaque plafond régional ainsi obtenu est réparti entre les agriculteurs dont les exploitations sont situées dans la région concernée et en fonction du nombre des hectares admissibles au bénéfice de l'aide de montant uniforme. Les critères historiques prévalent essentiellement dans les anciens pays de l'Union européenne en vue du calcul des aides directes. Ils sont dépassés. En effet: -la période de référence retenue (2000-2002) est éloignée et la technique ainsi que l'économie évoluent rapidement ; - le régime de paiement unique intègre de plus en plus de secteurs productifs ; - la répartition de l'aide directe au revenu entre les agriculteurs se caractérise par l'octroi d'une part importante des paiements à un nombre relativement peu élevé de bénéficiaires (distorsions liées au système). Le bilan de santé de la PAC (voir chapitre 7) s'est efforcé d'atténuer (insuffisamment) cette grave inégalité. Le règlement (CE) n° 73/2009 coule en termes juridiques les propositions introduites à cette fin. Il devient possible de réviser le montant des droits au paiement fondés sur des critères historiques (article 45) ou sur un régime régionalisé (article 46 sq.). Il peut être procédé à un «lissage» des aides directes fondées sur des critères historiques. Le lissage consiste en un rapprochement, en 2010 ou ultérieurement, de la valeur des droits au paiement unique. À cette fin, on prélève sur les montants les plus élevés et relève les plus bas tout en ne permettant pas de créer de nouveaux droits et donc de couvrir des hectares qui n'avaient pas de soutien. Les États membres qui ont accordé le régime de paiement unique sur une base historique peuvent décider d'appliquer ce régime, en 2010 ou ultérieurement, sur une base régionale. Ils répartissent le plafond national entre les régions et peuvent décider que les plafonds régionaux font l'objet de modifications progressives annuelles qui s'opèrent au maximum en trois étapes et selon des critères objectifs et non discriminatoires tels que le potentiel agricole ou les critères environnementaux. Les États membres qui ont initialement préféré le modèle régional peuvent revoir la valeur des droits au paiement sur une période transitoire appropriée. L'octroi du paiement unique peut se faire sur une base exclusivement dérivée de données historiques ou sur une base totalement ou partiellement régionale. À noter que dans le cadre du bilan de santé, les États membres peuvent répartir jusqu'à 50 % des plafonds régionaux applicables entre tous les agriculteurs dont les exploitations sont situées dans les régions concernées, y compris ceux qui ne détiennent pas de droits au paiement. L'adaptation de la valeur des droits au paiement unique va dans le sens de l'équité, qu'elle n'atteint toujours pas. L'opération n'est pas simple ; elle est, cependant, moins délicate, surtout moins dangereuse pour les agriculteurs, que ce qui s'annonce pour l'après 2013 en vue de la fixation du budget pour la période de programmation et financière 2014-2020 et de la fixation du destin de la politique agricole commune, qu'il importe de sauvegarder pour l'Europe et le Monde, le Monde où survivent près d'un milliard de victimes de la sous-nutrition et qui serait peuplé de neuf milliards au moins d'habitants en 2050. Les négociations commerciales multilatérales d'Uruguay (1986-1993) ont conduit à la création de l'Organisation mondiale du commerce (OMC) et révélé bien des conflits d'intérêt dans le secteur agricole, que l'on s'efforçait de libéraliser (LEDENT, BURNY, 2002, p. 169 à 216). L'accord sur l'agriculture également issu de ces négociations prévoit la poursuite du développement du processus de réforme devant aboutir à des réductions progressives et substantielles du soutien et de la protection de l'agriculture. À cette fin, est créé un Comité de l'agriculture, au sein duquel ont débuté, à partir du 27 mars 2000, des pourparlers, qui, le 14 novembre 2001, ont été intégrés dans le cycle global dit «Millenium Round», décidé à Doha (Qatar). Cette dernière date marque le début du cycle de négociations multilatérales de Doha, qui ont connu bien des épisodes et qui ne sont toujours pas terminées. La crise financière, dont le début se situe en août 2007 (Jacques ATTALl, novembre 2008), et qui sévit en Europe le 6 octobre 2008, est le déclencheur de la crise économique, qui contrarie les pourparlers. La hausse du chômage dans nombre de pays a remis en cause l'objectif de libéralisation des échanges. Au début de 2010, le volontaire et avisé directeur général de l'OMC, Pascal LAMY, s'attache à faire le bilan des négociations et propose de déterminer s'il est possible de les conclure cette année. Le Comité de l'agriculture poursuit, à Genève, ses travaux techniques. Le nouveau commissaire européen au commerce, Karel DE GUCHT déclare le 12 février, à Genève, que: «Un des meilleurs moyens de tenir le protectionnisme à l'écart est de conclure le cycle de Doha le plus tôt possible (Agra Europe n° 3.240 du 22.02.2010, p. 19). Et, il ajoute de sages propos : «Dans ce but, je ferai de mon mieux pour assurer qu'un accord satisfaisant soit trouvé pour toutes les parties» (ibidem), conformément à ses fortes convictions. MM. LAMY et DE GUCHT, dont le rôle est considérable, ne peuvent perdre de vue la position de Olivier DE SCHUTTER, expert de l'ONU pour le droit à l'alimentation, qui a mis en garde les membres de l'OMC contre un accord sur l'agriculture aggravant la faim dans le monde. L'Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture (OMA, FAO) estime, quant à elle, que la production alimentaire devra augmenter d'au moins 70 % afin de pouvoir nourrir la population de neuf milliards de personnes en 2050. Dès lors, la mission de l'agriculture européenne consiste à produire plus, tout en étant le plus économe possible des ressources naturelles. [less ▲]

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See detailLeaving the Village but Not the Rice Field: Role of Female Migrants in Agricultural Production and Household Autonomy in Red River Delta, Vietnam
Nguyen Thi Minh Khué, ULiege; Nguyen Thi, Dien; Le Thi Minh, Chau et al

in Social Sciences (2018), 7(10), 202

The research investigates the impacts of female migrants on household’s farming and its implications on rural household autonomy under the context of economic reform in Vietnam. The different forms of ... [more ▼]

The research investigates the impacts of female migrants on household’s farming and its implications on rural household autonomy under the context of economic reform in Vietnam. The different forms of internal and external household arrangements related to the production and distribution processes of turning land to livelihood are designed to understand the land tenure change under the context of migration. This research focuses on the migration patterns, the volume and usages of remittance to understand the ways in which the different households allocate their resources on farm and non-farm sectors. The findings suggest that female migrants have a greater contribution in agriculture production both in remittance investment and time spending on agricultural maintenance while male migrants increase household earnings by accumulating capital from non-farm business. Migration, therefore, rather than creating agricultural regression, amplifies the autonomy of peasant families and their units of production as they respond to the modernization process [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of food quality from the point of view of consumer health and environmental protection
Petrescu, Dacinia Crina; Petrescu-Mag, Ruxandra Malina; Malschi, Dana et al

Conference (2018)

Starting from the premise that consumers play an important role in influencing the pressure that the food sector puts on the environment through their food choices and that these choices are influenced by ... [more ▼]

Starting from the premise that consumers play an important role in influencing the pressure that the food sector puts on the environment through their food choices and that these choices are influenced by their assessment of food quality, this study presents the results of a survey that investigated consumer attitude toward food quality. The objective was to obtain an image of consumer perceptions and knowledge on food quality and habits regarding food quality evaluation. Results show that freshness, taste and price are among the most important quality indicators for tested consumers. Environmental concerns are present in consumer minds, but they have lower importance as food quality evaluation attributes. The findings convey the ideas that investigated consumers pay attention to food quality and that more should be done in order to increase the awareness of environmental impact of food production and consumption. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of food quality from the point of view of consumer health and environmental protection
Petrescu, Dacinia Crina; Petrescu-Mag, Ruxandra Malina; Malschi, Dana et al

Poster (2018)

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See detailEvolution of Walloon agriculture towards an environment-friendly model
Burny, Philippe ULiege; Ho Thi Minh, Hop

Conference (2018)

Since the 1980's, the Common Agricultural Policy proposes voluntary measures in favour of the environment. These measures are continuously reinforced since then, some of them became compulsory if the ... [more ▼]

Since the 1980's, the Common Agricultural Policy proposes voluntary measures in favour of the environment. These measures are continuously reinforced since then, some of them became compulsory if the farmers want to get direct payments, through the so-called "cross-compliance" after the 2003 reform and "green payment" after the 2013 reform. At the same time, organic farming received a legal status and was more and more supported and successful, like specific quality products, including origin-labelled products and products friendly to the environment. This paper examines and discusses: 1) the evolution of organic farming in Wallonia (South of Belgium) which represented 10% of the agricultural area and 11% of the number of farmers in 2016; 2) the implementation of the greening of the CAP in Wallonia from 2015 to 2017, with the choice between the different possible ecological focus areas, showing the success of catch crops or green cover; and 3) the increasing number of products officially recognized as "specific quality products". This evolution proves that the environment is more and more taken into account in the agricultural practices, leading to less environmental risks and a more efficient use of natural resources. [less ▲]

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See detailThe possible implementation of the income stabilisation tool in Wallonia
Burny, Philippe ULiege

Conference (2018)

After several reforms of the Common Agricultural Policy and the disappearance of intervention prices and production quotas, price volatility is the rule on agricultural markets and, as a consequence, farm ... [more ▼]

After several reforms of the Common Agricultural Policy and the disappearance of intervention prices and production quotas, price volatility is the rule on agricultural markets and, as a consequence, farm income is more and more unstable and unpredictable. In such conditions, risk management becomes an important tool within the CAP (regulation (EU) n° 1305/2013, regulation (EU) 2017/2393). In such a context, the Walloon administration dealing with agriculture ordered a preliminary study in order to examine the possible implementation of the income stabilization tool (IST) in the region. The paper deals with examples from Canada, the United States, Spain and Italy and with scenarios about Wallonia. Two hypotheses were tested : an income loss of 20% and 30% compared to the mean income of the previous period of three years. The used data come from the FADN network. The tested period covers the years from 2010 to 2016 included, so that the implementation of the IST is examined for four years, from 2013 to 2016. The calculations are made on the total FADN sample (more than 400 farms) on one hand, and on four specialized farm groups : bovine meat, milk, general crops, crops and cattle, on the other hand. The results show that the IST would not have been implemented when the total sample is considered. When specialized farm groups are considered, the IST would have been implemented only for the threshold of 20% of income loss, once for the dairy, once for the general crops and once for the crops and cattle specialized farm groups. The first condition being fulfilled, the calcultations are made for each individual farm, and Financial compensations are granted to farms which have registered an income loss of at leat 20%. Then the mean compensation for the specialized farm groups is extrapolated to the regional Walloon level. The compensation is fixed at 70% of the loss and the public support to this compensation is fixed at 70%. The public subsidies must be co-financed at least by 25% from the EU budget. Finally, it appears that the potential cost of the IST is affordable, but the participation of the farmers in this mutual fund is uncertain, making the success of the IST still doubtful. [less ▲]

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See detailThe CAP implementation in Wallonia-today performance and questions for the future. A brief supplementary comment from Warmia and Mazury perspective
Burny, Philippe ULiege; Gazinsky, Benon

in Wigier, Marek; Kowalski, Andrzej (Eds.) The Common Agricultural Policy of the European Union – the present and the future. EU Member States point of view (2018)

The new Common Agricultural Policy was defined in 2013, with a stronger emphasize on the environment and the introduction of the “green payment”, as well as a clear support for organic farming. This paper ... [more ▼]

The new Common Agricultural Policy was defined in 2013, with a stronger emphasize on the environment and the introduction of the “green payment”, as well as a clear support for organic farming. This paper examines how the green payment was implemented for the first time in Wallonia (South of Belgium, one of the founders of the European Union) and shows the situation in both Wallonia and the Warmia and Mazury voivodeship in Poland, a new EU Member State. It appears that agriculture in both regions is on the way towards a more sustainable development model, though the future is more uncertain than ever. [less ▲]

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See detailSustainable Development Implementation In Poland And In Other Member States Of The European Union
Burny, Philippe ULiege; Gaziński, Benon; Nieżurawski, Lech et al

in Torun Business Review (2017), 16(2), 5-17

In this paper, with the use of selected headline indicators, an attempt was made to analyse the performance of sustainable development in Poland and in other EU Member States. An analysis and assessment ... [more ▼]

In this paper, with the use of selected headline indicators, an attempt was made to analyse the performance of sustainable development in Poland and in other EU Member States. An analysis and assessment of headline sustainable development indicators for EU-28 in the years 2004-2015 was made and Eurostat served as a source of required data. During this period, Poland has been obliged to meet a number of the Union criteria and received financial support from the EU budget. A ranking of countries has been proposed, reflecting their progress in the implementation of sustainable development, depicting the place occupied by Poland. [less ▲]

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See detailRecent evolution of the consumption of organic food products in Belgium
Burny, Philippe ULiege

in AGROFOR International Journal (2017), 2(3), 78-83

The consumption of organic food products in Belgium increased significantly and continuously between 2008 and 2016, growing from 1.5 % to 3.2% of the total consumers’ expenses for fresh food products ... [more ▼]

The consumption of organic food products in Belgium increased significantly and continuously between 2008 and 2016, growing from 1.5 % to 3.2% of the total consumers’ expenses for fresh food products. Nine percent of Belgian families buy organic food products at least once per week and represent 60% of the total expenses. The total expenses per capita reached nearly 33€ in 2015. The main expenses concerned dairy products (6.72 €/capita), vegetables (5.57) and fruits (4.40). These expenses have been globally increasing. The market share of organic products considerably varies from one type of food products to another: it is the highest for meat substitutes (24.6% in 2016) and eggs (14.0%), while it reaches 3.0% for dairy products, 6.6% for vegetables and 4.3% for fruits. These percentages have been globally increasing during the last years. Vegetable products have been proportionally more sold than animal products compared to the situation in the conventional market. Supermarkets and specialized shops are the most common distribution channels, direct sales on farms and open markets remaining marginal. Families with high income and children and retired people with high income are those who spend the most on organic food products. This evolution is supported by the Walloon government through the organic farming development plan. [less ▲]

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See detailResilience to environmental pressure through quality food demand: meat consumption in Romania
Petrescu, Dacinia Crina; Petrescu-Mag, Ruxandra Malina; Burny, Philippe ULiege

in Environmental Engineering and Management Journal (2017), 16(10), 2391-2400

The paper focuses on Romanian consumers habits and perceptions related to meat consumption, following that it is deeply embedded in their dietary food culture. The aim of this study was to determine the ... [more ▼]

The paper focuses on Romanian consumers habits and perceptions related to meat consumption, following that it is deeply embedded in their dietary food culture. The aim of this study was to determine the main directions for achieving environmental resilience through meat consumption. The novelty of the study originates from underlying consumers contribution to sustainable development on two pillars buy less, eat the same and buy less, eat less . Statistical analysis revealed that 13.3% of meat is perceived to be wasted, which is significantly less than other food waste (Z=-5.485, p=0.000). Two thirds (65.1%) of tested people eat meat at least 4 days/ week and, when an environmental motivation is added, 67.7% of them are willing to make a high reduction of their meat intake, casting light on a pro-environmental attitude. Based on the results, Romanian consumers should be considered as reliable partners in finding new ways for meat consumption reduction that can alleviate environmental pressure. [less ▲]

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See detailA new wave in Romania: organic food. Consumers’ motivations, perceptions, and habits
Petrescu, Dacinia Crina; Petrescu-Mag, Ruxandra Malina; Burny, Philippe ULiege et al

in Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems (2017), 41(1), 46-75

This study is based on a probabilistic survey and adopts an original approach—by putting dual focus on certified and uncertified organic products—to draw a profile of Romanian consumers of organic food ... [more ▼]

This study is based on a probabilistic survey and adopts an original approach—by putting dual focus on certified and uncertified organic products—to draw a profile of Romanian consumers of organic food. Uncertified organic food (from farmers’ market or self-production) is considered to be more “organic” than certified organic food. While consumers are strongly oriented toward organic food (certified or uncertified) and driven by health concerns and taste, they are primarily deterred by price and lack of availability. Results show that, to develop a sustainable market, consumers’ extended and positive evaluations of uncertified organics represent the link to initiate the behavioral transition from conventional to certified organic food. [less ▲]

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See detailOpportunities and challenges for the fresh straw mushroom value chain development in Vietnam
HO, Thi Minh Hop ULiege; Burny, Philippe ULiege; Helder, Jan et al

in VIII International Agriculture Symposium "AGROSYM 2017": book of abstracts (2017)

Straw mushroom sector has been strongly growing in Vietnam since last decade with more th an 64,500 tons/year of production. The development of the sector helps improving both farm household's income and ... [more ▼]

Straw mushroom sector has been strongly growing in Vietnam since last decade with more th an 64,500 tons/year of production. The development of the sector helps improving both farm household's income and the environment by reducing pollution from rice straw buming at the end of the rice cuItivation season. Basing on the potential of the sector, Vietnamese govemment issued an agricultural development programme in 2010 in which mushrooms will be the focus to develop as one of five national strategie commodities. ln order to help the sector reaching this goal and growing more sustainably, the study was carried out in 2014 and 2016 to identify its opportunities and challenges by analysing stakeholders in the fresh straw mushroom value chain. The study was carried out through different meetings among the main actors of the straw mushroom value chain in August 2014 in Can Tho and in 2016 in Dong Nai province, Vietnam, to get opinions of target groups, key persons, as weil as information conceming the aims of the study. An analysis of the main stakeholders was conducted to identify opportunities and challenges for the sector to grow more sustainably. Low investment costs, depending on production scale, quickly received income circle, low land and labour effort use are the main opportunities for farmers while limited use of improved productionlprocessing technologies, limited production due to the seasonal character and c1imatic conditions are the main challenges for the other stakeholders of straw mushroom value chain. To enhance the use of hi-technology in production, preservation and processing and to build a brand for the Vietnamese straw mushroom are proposed to improve the current issues of the sector. [less ▲]

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See detailRecent evolution of the consumption of organic food products in Belgium
Burny, Philippe ULiege

in VIII International Agriculture Symposium "AGROSYM 2017" : book of abstracts (2017)

The consumption of organic food products in Belgium increased significantly and continuously between 2008 and 2016, growing from 1.5 % to 3.2% of the total consumers' expenses for fresh food products ... [more ▼]

The consumption of organic food products in Belgium increased significantly and continuously between 2008 and 2016, growing from 1.5 % to 3.2% of the total consumers' expenses for fresh food products. Nine percent of Belgian families buy organic food products at least once per week and represent 60% of the total expenses. The total expenses per capita reached nearly 33€ in 2015. The main expenses concerned dairy products (6.72 €/capita), vegetables (5.57) and fruits (4.40). These expenses have been globally increasing. The market share of organic products considerably varies from one type of food products to another: it is the highest for meat substitutes (24.6% in 2016) and eggs (14.0%), while it reaches 3.0% for dairy products, 6.6% for vegetables and 4.3% for fruits. These percentages have been globally increasing during the last years. Vegetable products have been proportionally more sold th an animal products compared to the situation in the conventional market. Supermarkets and specialized shops are the most common distribution channels, direct sales on farms and open markets remaining marginal. Families with high income and children and retired people with high income are those who spend the most on organic food products. This evolution is supported by the Walloon government through the organic farming development plan. [less ▲]

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See detailZnaczenie informacji w ocenie poziomu wdrazania koncepcji zrównowazonego rozwoju w krajach Unii Europejskie (na podstawie wybranych wskaznikow
Burny, Philippe ULiege; Gazinsky, Benon

in INFO 2017 XI Konferencja z cyklu : informacja w spoleczenstwie XXI Wieku, Olsztyn, 21-22 czerwca 2017 r. (2017)

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See detailContract farming application in the Vietnamese shrimp value chain
Thi Minh Ho, Hop; Burny, Philippe ULiege

in Petropoulos, D.; Kyriazopoulos, G. (Eds.) Conference proceedings of 2nd International Conference of Development & Economy (ICODECON) (2017)

Shrimp value chain in Vietnam functions with a large number of farmers. The stay in the weakest position in the chain due to their small individual scale with an average land of about 0.5 ha/farm, and low ... [more ▼]

Shrimp value chain in Vietnam functions with a large number of farmers. The stay in the weakest position in the chain due to their small individual scale with an average land of about 0.5 ha/farm, and low skills (Ho, 2012). As a leader and holding the strongest power in the shrimp value chain, the processors determine shrimp prices and set up requirements of shrimp quality and size in the market though quality control has not been completely implemented due to the limitations of financial capital, knowledge, awareness, as well as the quality of raw material supplied by collectors and farmers. In order to help the shrimp sector to work more efficiently, the Vietnamese government brought together shrimp farmers and plant processors through a farming contract. Two years after this application, the contract farming model failed due to the floor price mechanism, risk sharing, small scale of the model while there are excess suppliers in the market, administrative misconception and inefficient public management. As a result, farmers still stay at the weakest position and the shrimp sector could not improve its product safety to adapt to the requirement of import markets. The study results recommend necessarily a planning and projection of shrimp production zones, re-organizing shrimp farmers into legal teams or groups or coopératives to increase the size of the existing shrimp cultivation units in Vietnam. [less ▲]

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See detailResilience to environmental pressure: the role of agriculture in Wallonia (South of Belgium)
Burny, Philippe ULiege

in Ozunu, Alexandru; Nistor, Ioan Alin; Petrescu, Dacinia Crina (Eds.) et al Resilient society: multidisciplinary contributions from economic, law, policy, engineering, agriculture and life science fields (2017)

Agriculture is under environmental pressure since its modernization, mainly after the Second World War, which generated the use of large quantities of chemical products as pesticides and fertilizers ... [more ▼]

Agriculture is under environmental pressure since its modernization, mainly after the Second World War, which generated the use of large quantities of chemical products as pesticides and fertilizers. However, during the three last décades, the preservation of the quality of the environment progressively became a priority of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and different measures were successively implemented, some of them being compulsory and other ones not, or not yet. This paper focuses on the implementation of agricultural Policy measures at the regional level of Wallonia, the Southern part of Belgium, a founder state of the European Union. Three aspects are presented and analyzed: (1) the greening of the CAP, through the so-called "green payment" and its conséquences (permanent pasture maintenance, crop diversification, and the establishment of ecological focus areas); (2) the development of organic farming; and (3) the increasing number of specific quality labels. The paper argues that, supported by the CAP and the Walloon regional government through financial, research, education, extension, and advertising measures, the Walloon agriculture is farmed on the direction toward a more sustainable model, a more resilient onte to environnemental pressure. [less ▲]

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