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See detailThe polar region of Jupiter’s aurora : barcode noise, conjugate flares and more...
Bonfond, Bertrand ULiege; Grodent, Denis ULiege; Gladstone, Randy et al

Conference (2018, July 11)

Juno’s unprecedented polar orbits around Jupiter allow for unique observations of the polar aurorae and related phenomena. Here we make use of Juno-UVS, the UV imaging spectrograph operating in the 60-200 ... [more ▼]

Juno’s unprecedented polar orbits around Jupiter allow for unique observations of the polar aurorae and related phenomena. Here we make use of Juno-UVS, the UV imaging spectrograph operating in the 60-200 nm range, to explore the polar physics in two very different ways. In the first part of this presentation, we will analyze the rapid variations of the background noise caused by >10MeV electrons penetrating the instrument. In UV images, this rapidly varying signal takes the form of a barcode-like pattern. We will discuss the mapping, the altitude and the characteristic timescale of the “barcode events” in order to constrain the mechanisms giving rise to them. In the second part, we will compare simultaneous observations of the aurorae from the two hemispheres. One dataset comes from Juno-UVS while the other comes from the Hubble Space Telescope STIS instrument. We will show that most auroral features in one hemisphere have a clear counterpart in the other one. Among other examples, we will show evidence of conjugate flares in the active region of the two hemispheres. However, other strong brightness enhancements only show up in one hemisphere, without any echo in the other one. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (6 ULiège)
See detailJUNO/MWR's supportive observations of downward field-aligned MeV electrons at Jupiter
Santos-Costa, Daniel; Kurth, William; Hospodarsky, George et al

in 42nd COSPAR Scientific Assembly (2018, July 01)

Since August 2016, the Juno MicroWave Radiometer (MWR) has continuously measured the radiation emitted by Jupiter and the surrounding environment, over a frequency range from 0.6 to 22 GHz, from Juno's ... [more ▼]

Since August 2016, the Juno MicroWave Radiometer (MWR) has continuously measured the radiation emitted by Jupiter and the surrounding environment, over a frequency range from 0.6 to 22 GHz, from Juno's highly elliptical 53-day polar orbit about Jupiter. The contributors to the strongest radio signals at the shorter frequencies are the thermal, cosmic microwave background, and synchrotron emission produced by the inner electron belt. Weaker but perceptible signatures in MWR are also reported at the shortest frequency during perijove 1 (PJ1) and PJ3-PJ11. Some of them are identified as a source of synchrotron emission produced by downward field-aligned MeV electrons in the middle magnetosphere. In this paper, we present a synthesis of the spatial distributions of the microwave radiation observed at six wavelengths. We focus on synchrotron emissions originating from regions beyond Io's plasma torus that we believe to be linked to auroral activity. To support our findings, we discuss the results of a multi-instrument analysis of radio (MWR, WAVES), field (Juno magnetometer), extreme and far-ultraviolet auroral emission (Juno/UVS), plasma and energetic electron (JADE, JEDI) datasets, and background radiation signatures in Juno's ASC instrument for PJ1. Our data analysis raises the question how electrons with energies of 10's of MeV are populating, transported, and accelerated within the middle magnetosphere to become part of the auroral current circuit at Jupiter. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (1 ULiège)