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See detailEffect of pear apple and date fibres incorporation on the physico-chemical, sensory, nutritional characteristics and the acceptability of cereal bars
Bchir, Brahim; Thiry, Jean-François; Rabetafika, Holy Nadia et al

in Food Science and Technology International (2018)

Cereal bars are nutritious food composed of several ingredients including dry raw and agglutinative ingredients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of pear apple and date fibres, from ... [more ▼]

Cereal bars are nutritious food composed of several ingredients including dry raw and agglutinative ingredients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of pear apple and date fibres, from cooked fruit co-product, addition on the physico-chemical textural and sensory properties of cereal bars. First, five formulations containing an amount of 10% of co-products and commercial fibre, used as a reference, were elaborated and their physico-chemical composition was determined. Second, to determine the acceptability of consumer, apple fibre co-products were added (6, 10 and 14%). Products were evaluated for their texture using a texturometer and sensory characteristics using an acceptance test. Results showed that physico-chemical composition of cereal bars elaborated with co-products was slightly different compared to those elaborated with commercial fibre. All bars have low water activity levels (∼0.470) and interesting energy (300 kcal/100 g bar). External appearance revealed a darker colour (L*:∼42/a*:∼8/b*:∼20). There were no significant differences (P > 0.05) in texture values (hardness: 40.8 N; cohesiveness: 0.34; springiness: 0.60; chewiness: 8.30 N) between cereal bars prepared with pear co-product and wheat bran. Acceptance test confirms the formulation used for cereals bars and showed that incorporation of 10% of co-product produced cereal bars with the highest acceptability. Sensory characteristics revealed that appearance is the limiting factor for consumer acceptability, essentially for cereal bars containing pear co-product. Apple, pear and date co-products could be used successfully as a food ingredient to develop new formulations of cereal bars. © 2017, The Author(s) 2017. [less ▲]

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See detailConcentrés protéiques du pollen du palmier dattier (Phoenix dactilyfera L.): Effet de la sonication sur les propriétés physico-chimiques, thermiques et de surface
Sebii, Haifa; Karra, Sirine; Bchir, Brahim et al

Conference (2017, April 13)

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See detailPollen du palmier dattier: Propriétés physico-chimiques et techno-fonctionnelles
Sebii, Haifa; Bchir, Brahim; Karra, Sirine et al

Poster (2016, March)

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See detailFoamability and Foam Stability of Male and Female Date Palm Sap (Phoenix dactylifera L.) During the Collection Period
Makhlouf-gafsi, Ines; Mokni-ghribi, Abir; Bchir, Brahim et al

in Food Biophysics (2015)

This work aimed to study the influence of date palm sex on the surface properties of date palm sap (DPS) (Phoenix dactylifera L.) during the collection period. The behavior at the interface and foaming ... [more ▼]

This work aimed to study the influence of date palm sex on the surface properties of date palm sap (DPS) (Phoenix dactylifera L.) during the collection period. The behavior at the interface and foaming properties were evaluated via equilibrium surface tension (drop volume) and bubbling method, respectively. Unlike male sap, the female sap was unable to produce foam due to its low rate of adsorption, low average hydrophobicity values, and low bulk viscosity values throughout the collection period. For male sap, there are significant differences (p<0.05) on foaming properties throughout the collection period. In fact, the last 3 weeks of sap collection were characterized by a decrease pace of surface tension which explains the enhancement of both foam capacity and stability. The last week of collection period present the best foam power (0.9). To explain these differences, the interactions of several factors and their affects on foaming properties were examined. Results showed a positive correlation between foam capacity and average hydrophobicity values. In the other hand, foam stability exhibits a positive correlation with the increase of protein concentration and bulk viscosity. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical composition and functional properties of dietary fibre extracted by Englyst and Prosky methods from the alga Ulva lactuca collected in Tunisia
Yaich, Hela; Garna, Haikel; Bchir, Brahim et al

in Algal Research (2015), 9

Nowadays there is a growing trend to find new sources of dietary fibre (DF), such as marine algae by-products that have traditionally been undervalued. In this respect, the aim of the present ... [more ▼]

Nowadays there is a growing trend to find new sources of dietary fibre (DF), such as marine algae by-products that have traditionally been undervalued. In this respect, the aim of the present investigation was firstly to compare two methods of dietary fibre quantification (Englyst and Prosky) and secondly to determine the chemical composition and some of the functional properties of total and insoluble fibres extracted in accordance with the Englyst method. The dietary fibres of dried Ulva lactuca collected from the Tunisian littoral were determined by the Prosky (gravimetric method) and Englyst (enzymatic-chemical method) methods. The two extraction methods (Englyst–Prosky) provided approximately the same values in total fibres (~54%). However, they had different insoluble and soluble fibre contents. U. lactuca contained 20.53% and 31.55% of soluble fibres and 34.37% and 21.54% of insoluble fibres using the Prosky and Englyst methods, respectively. The fractionation of the insoluble dietary fibre concentrate revealed that hemicellulose was the most abundant fraction (32.49%), followed by cellulose (16.59%) and “lignin-like” compounds (1.53%). For both fibre concentrates, the main neutral sugar was glucose (20.70%–27.59%), which corresponded to hemicellulose and cellulose. The water holding capacity of insoluble fibre concentrate was relatively high. It varied between 9.32 g and 10.3 g of water/g of dry fibre at 25 °C and 80 °C, respectively. Nevertheless, the oil holding capacity of the insoluble fibre concentrate was not affected by temperature. It was about 1.08 and 1.01 g of oil/g of dry fibre at 25 °C and 80 °C. Despite the significant functional properties of fibre concentrate, the presence of lead limits its use as an ingredient in the food industry. [less ▲]

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See detailFractionation of apple by-products as source of new ingredients: Current situation and perspectives
Rabetafika, Holy-Nadia ULiege; Bchir, Brahim; Blecker, Christophe ULiege et al

in Trends in Food Science and Technology (2014), 40(1), 99-114

Apple (Malus sp.) is among the most processed fruit that generates high amount of wastes. Depending on processes, various by-products are available offering a great diversity of low-cost raw materials ... [more ▼]

Apple (Malus sp.) is among the most processed fruit that generates high amount of wastes. Depending on processes, various by-products are available offering a great diversity of low-cost raw materials. Biorefinery processes are expected to convert them into new added-value products such as hemicelluloses, oligosaccharides and polyphenols. This paper reviews the current uses of apple by-products as source of fibre and phytochemicals with special emphasis on recent fractionation processes. Future trends and challenges of apple by-product reuse are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailContribution to the valorization of^pomegranate (Punica granatum L.)
Bchir, Brahim; Roiseux, Olivier; Attia, Hamadi et al

Poster (2007, October 11)

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