References of "Attia, Shady"
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See detailClimate Change Effects on Belgian Households: A Case Study of a Nearly Zero Energy Building
Attia, Shady ULiege; Gobin, Camille

in Sustainability (2020), 13(20), 5357

Overheating in residential building is a challenging problem that causes thermal discomfort, productivity reduction, and health problems. This paper aims to assess the climate change impact on thermal ... [more ▼]

Overheating in residential building is a challenging problem that causes thermal discomfort, productivity reduction, and health problems. This paper aims to assess the climate change impact on thermal comfort in a Belgian reference case. The case study represents a nearly zero energy building that operates without active cooling during summer. The study quantifies the impact of climate change on overheating risks using three representative concentration pathway (RCP) trajectories for greenhouse gas concentration adopted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Building performance analysis is carried out using a multizone dynamic simulation program EnergyPlus. The results show that bioclimatic and thermal adaptation strategies, including adaptive thermal comfort models, cannot suppress the effect of global warming. By 2050, zero energy buildings will be vulnerable to overheating. [less ▲]

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See detailGoede praktijken voor zonwering en EPB-berekening
Attia, Shady ULiege

Conference (2020, October 08)

De gevolgen van klimaatverandering leiden tot een toename van de frequentie en intensiteit van hittegolven tijdens de zomer en de transformatie van een bewolkte hemel naar een turbulente heldere hemel met ... [more ▼]

De gevolgen van klimaatverandering leiden tot een toename van de frequentie en intensiteit van hittegolven tijdens de zomer en de transformatie van een bewolkte hemel naar een turbulente heldere hemel met toenemende uren zonnestraling. De impact hiervan is opmerkelijk voor het thermische comfort en welzijn van de bewoners in gebouwen. In deze presentatie zullen we die implicaties voor bestaande en nieuwe gebouwen onderzoeken in relatie met de comfortbehoeften van de bewoners/gebruikers. Als onderdeel van de activiteiten van Annex 80 van het Internationaal Agentschap (Resilient Cooling for Buildings), zal de presentatie zich richten op het potentieel van zonwering en het delen van goede praktijken over de integratie van zonwering tijdens het ontwerp- en bouwproces. Ten slotte wordt het belang besproken van de interactie van de bewoners/gebruikers en de essentie van zonweringoplossingen in relatie met thermische comfortvereisten. De presentatie zal zich toespitsen op berekeningsmethodes voor oververhitting die in de EPB van België en vergeleken met de andere Europese landen worden gebruikt. [less ▲]

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See detailBest practices of quality assurance for Net Zero Energy Building Design
Attia, Shady ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2020)

High-performance buildings including net-zero energy buildings (NZEB) are facing difficulty to become market mainstream in warm and hot climates. Besides the economic there are serious technical and ... [more ▼]

High-performance buildings including net-zero energy buildings (NZEB) are facing difficulty to become market mainstream in warm and hot climates. Besides the economic there are serious technical and design challenges that hamper design teams design, construct and operate NZEB. There is a difficulty to assure design quality and make concepts to get implemented as ultra-energy-efficient building concepts. There is a need for setting quality assurance criteria and design reviews to guarantee achieving the energy efficiency target metrics for NZEBs. This paper presents guidance and recommendations on the necessary performance target metrics for NZEBs and makes them explicit. Results are based on cross-analysis of several case studies, presenting an overview of challenges and providing recommendations based on available empirical evidence to further lower those barriers Worldwide with a focus on the European construction sector. By defining the performance thresholds for NZEBs including the metrics we offer the design team the possibility of verification and design assessment during early design decision-making phases to instill a kind of practical, evidence-based, and quantifiable guidance for high-performance buildings and in particular NZEBs. [less ▲]

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See detailSpatial and Behavioral Thermal Adaptation in Net Zero Energy Buildings: An Exploratory Investigation
Attia, Shady ULiege

in Sustainability (2020), 12(19), 7961

Climate responsive design can amplify the positive environmental effects necessary for human habitation and constructively engage and reduce the energy use of existing buildings. This paper aims to assess ... [more ▼]

Climate responsive design can amplify the positive environmental effects necessary for human habitation and constructively engage and reduce the energy use of existing buildings. This paper aims to assess the role of the thermal adaptation design strategy on thermal comfort perception, occupant behavior, and building energy use in twelve high-performance Belgian households. Thermal adaptation involves thermal zoning and behavioral adaptation to achieve thermal comfort and reduce energy use in homes. Based on quantitative and qualitative fieldwork and in-depth interviews conducted in Brussels, the paper provides insights on the impact of using mechanical systems in twelve newly renovated nearly- and net-zero energy households. The article calls for embracing thermal adaptation as a crucial design principle in future energy efficiency standards and codes. Results confirm the rebound effect in nearly zero energy buildings and the limitation of the current building energy efficiency standards. The paper offers a fresh perspective to the field of building energy efficiency that will appeal to researchers and architects, as well as policymakers. [less ▲]

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See detailTowards a European rating system for sustainable student housing: Key performance indicators (KPIs) and a multi-criteria assessment approach
Attia, Shady ULiege; Alphonsine, Pierre; Amer, Mohamed ULiege et al

in Environmental and Sustainability Indicators (2020), 7

The shortage of student housing in Western Europe and the high demand for student populations indicate the potential of the impetus for more sustainable and better quality accommodation. The residential ... [more ▼]

The shortage of student housing in Western Europe and the high demand for student populations indicate the potential of the impetus for more sustainable and better quality accommodation. The residential building sector is one of the significant contributors to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, yet appropriate criteria for the assessment of student housing do not exist. Decisions to evaluate student housing are still primarily based on rental cost or anecdotal evidence when assessing their performance and living quality. Multi-objective criteria are needed to assist with the selection of sustainable student housing for higher education institutions students. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to identify key performance indicators for assessing sustainable student housing, and to develop a simple tool for the selection and measurement of the sustainability of student housing. The overarching aim is to improve the quality and sustainability of student accommodation in Europe. The methodology is based on a mixed-method research approach comprising a literature review on rating systems, a survey questionnaire with 610 student respondents, and a ranking analysis acquired from the severity index calculation. A total of 44 key performance indicators were identified, and a simple interactive tool was developed and tested. The proposed tool is demonstrated using a case study with two students as the decision-makers. The tool provides a novel approach to assess student housing. This creates an opportunity for a pan European environmental policy and an increase in market competitiveness to attract European and overseas students. [less ▲]

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See detailTechniques de construction durable des bâtiments IA+B – Eléments
Attia, Shady ULiege; Ruellan, Guirec ULiege

Learning material (2020)

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See detailMethodology for design decision support of cost-optimal zero-energy lightweight construction
Mahmoud, Mohamed Amer Mohamed ULiege; Hamdy, Mohamed; Wortmann, Thomas et al

in Energy and Buildings (2020), 223(110170),

The interest to find cost-optimal zero-energy solutions for building, using multi-objective optimization, has risen dramatically over the last decade. Accordingly, several studies have been carried out ... [more ▼]

The interest to find cost-optimal zero-energy solutions for building, using multi-objective optimization, has risen dramatically over the last decade. Accordingly, several studies have been carried out, proposing new methods and tools. None, however, has introduced a simplified approach that is viable by a broader range of users. This study addresses this lack, offering a methodology that supports the decision making process on cost-optimal zero energy building, using a novel approach, namely Multi-Objective Parametric Analysis (MOPA), rather than optimization algorithms. This study adds to the domain of roof stacking construction by setting the weight of construction as a third objective. The current methodology is applied to a newly developed theoretical Reference Building (RB) for a Belgian passive roof stacking house. Different options of the building’s superstructure components (walls, roof, and windows) have been examined. MOPA follows three consecutive steps: modeling setup, parametric simulation, and ends up with evaluation and selection. The results show cost-optimal zero-energy and lightweight packages of design variables for the building envelope. [less ▲]

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See detailWebinar: Healthy schools during and after COVID-19
Attia, Shady ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2020)

This seminar, jointly organized by UCLouvain (Architecture et Climat lab), ULiege (Sustainable Building Design Lab), and perspective.brussels, will consider what our schools might look like in the coming ... [more ▼]

This seminar, jointly organized by UCLouvain (Architecture et Climat lab), ULiege (Sustainable Building Design Lab), and perspective.brussels, will consider what our schools might look like in the coming months and years. It is an opportunity to exchange good practices and insights regarding the spatial adaptations related to the reopening of schools after the pandemic : what measures are taken in various countries to guarantee the safety and health of children? what spatial weaknesses in school design are highlighted by this crisis? how can school urbanism or spaces sharing make this design more resilient? This seminar is part of the « HERES - Healthy and Resilient Schools » collaboration project supported by Wallonie Bruxelles International. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluating the wind cooling potential on outdoor thermal comfort in selected Iranian climate types
Roshan, Gholamreza; Moghbel, Masoumeh; Attia, Shady ULiege

in Journal of Thermal Biology (2020), 92

Wind is one of the main factors affecting people's outdoor thermal sensation. Ongoing urbanization and urban densification are transforming the urban climate and complicating the pedestrian-level wind ... [more ▼]

Wind is one of the main factors affecting people's outdoor thermal sensation. Ongoing urbanization and urban densification are transforming the urban climate and complicating the pedestrian-level wind environment. Therefore, the main aim of this research is to evaluate the potential wind-cooling effect on human outdoor thermal conditions. Accordingly, the current research attempts determine the best wind directions for thermal comfort at the studied stations and how these factors will be changed under the effects of global warming. Outdoor thermal conditions were modeled based on the physiologically equivalent temperature (PET) thermal index using RayMan software for the decades of the 2000s and the 2040s in different climate types of Iran (Csb, BWh, Csa, and BSh) To estimate the potential cooling effect of wind, the PET was calculated (1) under actual wind conditions, and (2) under calm wind (0.05 m/s) conditions. Then, the ΔPET for these two conditions, which indicates the cooling potential effect (CPE) of the wind, was calculated for four representative stations (Ardebil, Bandar Abbas, Gorgan, and Shiraz). In comparison with the 2000s, the results indicated that by the 2040s, the predicted wind cooling potential will have increased in Ardebil, Shiraz, Bandar Abbas and Gorgan (CPE of 13.2 °C, 13.1 °C, 11.2 °C, and 11 °C, respectively). Based on the overall average of two climate change scenarios (A2 and B1) used in this study, the occurrence of "comfortable" conditions by the 2040s will have increased in Bandar Abbas, Shiraz, and Ardebil by 1.1%, 0.4%, and 0.3%, respectively, while it will have decreased in Gorgan by 1.5%. Accounting for the cooling effect of wind, the comfort cooling potential of wind is predicted to rise by an average of 1.6 °C in the 2040s compared with the 2000s in all the studied stations. Therefore, this will affect the microclimates positivley and could reduce the urban heat island effects. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of Spatial Distribution Maps for Energy Demand and Thermal Comfort Estimation in Algeria
Semahi, Samir; Benbouras; Mahar, Waqas Ahmed ULiege et al

in Sustainability (2020), 12(15), 6066

Climatic spatial maps are essential for understanding the thermal conditions of cities and estimate their cooling and heating energy needs. Climate maps allow building designers and city planners to get ... [more ▼]

Climatic spatial maps are essential for understanding the thermal conditions of cities and estimate their cooling and heating energy needs. Climate maps allow building designers and city planners to get adequately informed without accessing, analyzing or interpreting dense textual information. In this study, a representative residential benchmark model was simulated in seventy-four cities of Algeria. The simulation results were interpolated using geographic information systems to generate six high-resolution maps that spatially estimate and visualize the discomfort hours and cooling/heating energy needs. The unique methodology relies on a reliable weather dataset (2004–2018) and combines the power of building performance simulation and geographic information systems. The results of these analyses provide easy to understand and web-based atlas that can be used to explore regional and local climate and quantify the discomfort hours, the heating/cooling energy needs and energy use intensity. The spatial maps are not a static product, but rather data-rich content, which can be expanded to include the most important cities of Algeria. The capabilities of the tool allow architects and urban planners to understand the climate better and propose practical design guidance. [less ▲]

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See detailQuantification of the Outdoor Thermal Comfort Process: Simulation & Calculation data
Matallah, Mohamed Elhadi ULiege; Ahriz, Atef; Attia, Shady ULiege

Report (2020)

The study aims to quantify the outdoor thermal comfort in arid climate by calculating PET index. This report contains all the dataset ‘tables’ used throughout the study’s process: simulations and ... [more ▼]

The study aims to quantify the outdoor thermal comfort in arid climate by calculating PET index. This report contains all the dataset ‘tables’ used throughout the study’s process: simulations and calculation data, following several steps. All the data are verified and strongly attached from the first stage to the last results. Although, the study methodology had followed several recent types of research in the same field, were published and chosen as references for urban climate researches. We should indicate that the report represents only the data and results; furthermore, it is not containing the deep interpretation’s form of the research. [less ▲]

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See detailOccupant-Facade interaction: a review and classification scheme
Alessandra, Luna-Navarro; Roel, Loonen; Juaristi, Miren et al

in Building and Environment (2020), 177

The interest in occupant interaction with building controls and automation systems is growing due to the wider availability of embedded sensing devices and automated or intelligent building components ... [more ▼]

The interest in occupant interaction with building controls and automation systems is growing due to the wider availability of embedded sensing devices and automated or intelligent building components that can integrate building control strategies with occupant-centred data and lead to greater occupant satisfaction and reduction in energy consumption. An area of particular interest is the interaction strategies between occupants and the so called automated facades, such as dynamic shading devices and switchable glazing. Occupant-Facade interactions are often disruptive and source of dissatisfaction because of conflicts between competing requirements, e.g. energy-efficiency and indoor environmental quality. To solve these conflicts, expertise from several disciplines is required, including Behavioural Science and Building Physics, but the absence of common research frameworks impedes knowledge transfer between different fields of expertise. This paper reviews existing multi-disciplinary research on occupant interaction with facades, buildings and automation systems and provides a new classification scheme of Occupant-Facade interaction. The scheme is based on an extensive review of interactive scenarios between occupants and facades that are summarised in this paper. The classification scheme was found to be successful in: 1) capturing the multidisciplinary nature of interactive scenarios by clarifying relationships between components; 2) identifying similarities and characteristics among interactive scenarios; 3) understanding research gaps. The classification scheme proposed in this paper has the potential to be a useful tool for the multi-disciplinary research community in this field. The review also showed that more research is needed to characterise the holistic and multi-disciplinary effect of occupant interaction with intelligent building components. [less ▲]

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See detailFuture trends and main concepts of adaptive facade systems
Attia, Shady ULiege; Lioure, Romain; Declaude, Quentin

in Energy Science and Engineering (2020), 00(1), 1-18

There is a growing interest in adaptive facade technologies to counter overheating problems and well‐being concerns in smart and high‐performance buildings. However, traditional literature review studies ... [more ▼]

There is a growing interest in adaptive facade technologies to counter overheating problems and well‐being concerns in smart and high‐performance buildings. However, traditional literature review studies do not necessarily provide deep insights into the future trends of adaptive facade technologies. To address these limitations, this paper proposes a novel conceptual framework and technological classification for adaptive facades in the future. Our research methodology includes a literature review expert interviews and content analysis. In‐depth interviews with 27 international adaptive facade experts were conducted with a focus on the European context. The results categorize the adaptive facade technologies under four promising families and present a conceptual framework that identifies human‐centered design, smart building operating systems, service‐driven solutions, circularity, and materials as the main drivers of the facade technological advancements. Overall, this methodology yields new and rich qualitative knowledge related to adaptive facades; however, it has certain limitations, such as being time‐consuming. The research provides insights on future delivery processes and the future structural trends of adaptive facades. The new categorization and framework articulate the multifunctionality and performance requirements of facade technologies including smartness, automation, comfort, and well‐being. [less ▲]

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See detailAn Experimental Study on the Use of Fonio Straw and Shea Butter Residue for Improving the Thermophysical and Mechanical Properties of Compressed Earth Blocks
Mabila, Etienne; Delvoie, Simon ULiege; Toguyeni, David et al

in Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (2020), 8(2), 107-132

The efficient use of building materials is one of the responses to increasing urbanization and building energy consumption. Soil as a building material has been used for several thousand years due to its ... [more ▼]

The efficient use of building materials is one of the responses to increasing urbanization and building energy consumption. Soil as a building material has been used for several thousand years due to its availability and its usual properties improving and stabilization techniques used. Thus, fonio straws and shea butter residues are incorporated into tow soil matrix. The objective of this study is to develop a construction eco-material by recycling agricultural and biopolymer by-products in compressed earth blocks (CEB) stabilization and analyze these by-products’ influence on CEB usual properties. To do this, compressed stabilized earth blocks (CSEB) composed of clay and varying proportion (3% to 10%) of fonio straw and shea butter residue incorporated were subjected to thermophysical, flexural, compressive, and durability tests. The results obtained show that the addition of fonio straw and shea butter residues as stabilizers improves compressed stabilized earth blocks thermophysical and mechanical performance and durability. Two different clay materials were studied. Indeed, for these CEB incorporating 3% fonio straw and 3% - 10% shea butter residue, the average compressive strength and three-point bending strength values after 28 days old are respectively 3.478 MPa and 1.062 MPa. In terms of CSEB thermal properties, the average thermal conductivity is 0.549 W/m·K with 3% fonio straw and from 0.667 to 0.798 W/m. K is with 3% - 10% shea butter residue and the average thermal diffusivity is 1.665.10-7 m2/s with 3% FF and 2.24.10-7 m2/s with 3.055.10-7 m2/s with 3% - 10% shea butter residue, while the average specific heat mass is between 1.508 and 1.584 kJ/kg·K. In addition, the shea butter residue incorporated at 3% - 10% improves CSEB water repellency, with capillary coefficient values between 31 and 68 [g/m2·s]1/2 and a contact angle between 43.63°C and 86.4°C. Analysis of the results shows that, it is possible to use these CSEB for single-storey housing construction. [less ▲]

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See detailDeveloping two benchmark models for nearly zero energy schools
Attia, Shady ULiege; Shadmanfara, Niloufar; Ricci, Federico

in Applied Energy (2020), 263(224641), 1-18

The aim of this study is to develop an energy performance data set and two building performance simulation benchmark models for high performance schools in Belgium. The study reports the results of an ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study is to develop an energy performance data set and two building performance simulation benchmark models for high performance schools in Belgium. The study reports the results of an inventory and field survey conducted on nearly Zero Energy Schools (nZES) and Passive House Schools (PHS) constructed after year 2013. An analysis of energy consumption (electricity and natural gas) and a walkthrough survey were conducted during May 2018. The energy consumption analysis was done for the occupancy period of 2015–2018 based on monthly consumption data. Two building performance simulation models are created in EnergyPlus to benchmark the average energy consumption and building characteristics. The validity of the estimate has been further checked against the public statistics and verified through model calibration and utility bill comparison. The paper provides a timely opportunity to evaluate the real performance of nZES, in relation to design assumptions and how schools’ professionals can turn the energy performance gap challenge to their advantage. The findings on energy needs and use intensity are useful in temperate and continental climates. [less ▲]

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See detailAssessment of the Outdoor Thermal Comfort in Oases Settlements
Matallah, Mohamed Elhadi ULiege; Alkama, Djamel; Ahriz, Atef et al

in Atmosphere (2020), 11(185), 1-18

Oases throughout the world have become important ecosystems to replenish food and water supplies. The Saharan Oases exist above the largest underground water supplies in the World. In North Africa, oases ... [more ▼]

Oases throughout the world have become important ecosystems to replenish food and water supplies. The Saharan Oases exist above the largest underground water supplies in the World. In North Africa, oases witness significantly growing populations in the oasis towns and receive thousands of tourists yearly. In oasis settlements, the majority of the population spends most of the time outdoors, in extremely hot conditions; however, few studies have investigated urban outdoor thermal comfort conditions. Therefore, this study aimed to assess thermal comfort in the Tolga Oasis Complex and test the validity of the ‘oasis effect’ concept. The methodology is based on comparative field measurement and calculation approaches in the heart of Tolga Palm Grove and in different urban settlements. Results indicate highest heat stress levels (Physiologically Equivalent Temperature (PET) index) in the oases Palm Grove in July, PET = 41.7 °C, and urban settlements, PET = 40.9 °C. Despite the significant difference between the old and new settlement fabrics, our measurements and calculation did not identify any noticeable variation of thermal comfort. Thus, the oasis effect on the outdoor thermal comfort was insignificant (during July and August 2018). Finally, the study discusses ways to improve outdoor spaces design and relieve heat stress in the settlements of Tolga. [less ▲]

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See detailSensitivity Analysis of Passive Design Strategies for Residential Buildings in Cold Semi-Arid Climates
Mahar, Waqas Ahmed ULiege; Verbeeck, Griet ULiege; Reiter, Sigrid ULiege et al

in Sustainability (2020), 12(3), 1091

Buildings are significant drivers of greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption. Improving the thermal comfort of occupants in free-running buildings and avoiding active and fossil fuel-based systems ... [more ▼]

Buildings are significant drivers of greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption. Improving the thermal comfort of occupants in free-running buildings and avoiding active and fossil fuel-based systems is the main challenge in many cities worldwide. However, the impacts of passive design measures on thermal comfort in cold semi-arid regions are seldom studied. With the rapid urbanization and the widespread use of personalised heating and cooling systems, there is a need to inform building designers and city authorities about passive design measures that can achieve nearly optimal conditions. Therefore, in this study, a global sensitivity analysis of the impact of passive design parameters on adaptive comfort in cold semi-arid climates was conducted. A representative residential building was simulated and calibrated in Quetta, Pakistan, to identify key design parameters for optimal thermal comfort. The results list and rank a set of passive design recommendations that can be used widely in similar climates. The results show that among the investigated 21 design variables, the insulation type of roof is the most influential design variable. Overall, the sensitivity analysis yielded new quantitative and qualitative knowledge about the passive design of buildings with personalised heating systems, but the used sensitivity analysis has some limitations. Finally, this study provides evidence-based and informed design recommendations that can serve architects and homeowners to integrate passive design measures at the earliest conceptual design phases in cold semi-arid climates. [less ▲]

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See detailMethodology to asses business models of dynamic pricing tariffs in all-electric houses
Schonfeldt Karlsen, Sophie; Hamdy, Mohamed; Attia, Shady ULiege

in Energy and Buildings (2020), 207(January), 109586

There is a need for methodologiesthat integrate energy simulationand cost calculation to assess grid rent business models as incentive for demand-side management(DSM) in buildings. Despite the ... [more ▼]

There is a need for methodologiesthat integrate energy simulationand cost calculation to assess grid rent business models as incentive for demand-side management(DSM) in buildings. Despite the proliferation of energy simulation and cost calculation tools, there are no tool(e.g., softwareprogram) with appropriate methodology that caters specifically for the assessment of business models based on aggregation of dynamic pricing tariffs. Furthermore, the majority of existing methodologies focus on evaluating the supply-side management (SSM) of energy grids, and largely overlook the issue of influencing the customer to make good choices when it comes to DSM and\o rdesign/renovation actions. This paper introduce senergy and cost oriented methodology that provides informative support for utility companies and electric-grid customers including households’ occupants to assess the economic incentives of different energy and power dynamic pricing tariffs. A physical model-based building simulation tool (IDA-ICE) is used to assess the energy performance of a representative residential benchmark including 96 all-electric houses in Norway with and without renewable energy technology. A business model-based cost calculator is developed and linked with the energy simulation’s outputs to assess the effectiveness of three dynamic pricing tariffs, suggested recently by the Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE). The effectiveness of the three pricing tariffs is compared (improving building’s energy efficiency vs enhancing grid’s demand side load shifting). Overall, results indicate that the Tiered Rate tariff is the most effective business strategy for customers to reduce the heating load during high demand periods. However, the methodology generated a comprehensive suite of scenarios analysis that allow customers, utility companies and policy makers to accurately address several building renovation variations and demand side management strategies to make the right decision upfront. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of urban canopy green coverage and future climate change scenarios on energy consumption of urban developments
Fahmy, Mohamed; Mahdy, Mohamed; Mahmoud, Sherif et al

in Energy Reports (2020), 6(1), 638-645

The trend of urban and suburban developments is concluding that more than 70% of the world population will be living inurban areas by mid-21st century within dis-comfortable built environment. In Egypt, a ... [more ▼]

The trend of urban and suburban developments is concluding that more than 70% of the world population will be living inurban areas by mid-21st century within dis-comfortable built environment. In Egypt, a concern about climate change resilientcommunities is having more listeners after Paris climate agreement in 2015. Therefore, assessing present and future outdoormicroclimatic effects on the indoor environmental quality and energy consumption in turn is crucial to build the capacitiesfor mitigation and adaptation strategies. In this research work, the coupled outdoor–indoor simulation methodology is appliedusing ENVI-met and DesignBuilder to let buildings respond to the street canyon conditions since indoor simulation packagesdoes not consider urban details. Such mutual relation is explored in a site case in Borg El-Arab, Alexandria, Egypt, in whichurban canopy green coverage (trees, green walls and roofs) have been applied. Comparing results of indoor thermal comfortfor the examined site buildings in present until end of century (2020, 2050 and 2080) with and without the urban canopy greencoverage; show that indicators and adaptation strategies can be developed for climate change scenarios. [less ▲]

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