References of "Polis, Stéphane"
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See detailA comprehensive system of control characters for Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic text in Unicode
Nederhof, Mark-Jan; Rajan, Vinodh; Lang, Johannes et al

Computer development (2017)

We propose a comprehensive system of control characters for encoding Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs in Unicode.

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See detailThe scribal repertoire of Amennakhte son of Ipuy. Describing variation across Late Egyptian registers
Polis, Stéphane ULiege

in Cromwell, Jennifer; Grossman, Eitan (Eds.) Scribal Repertoires in Egypt from the New Kingdom to the Early Islamic Period (2017)

The aim of this chapter is to investigate diaphasic variation in the texts written by the Deir el-Medina scribe Amennakhte son of Ipuy in New Kingdom Egypt (ca. 1150 BCE) by analysing the graphemic and ... [more ▼]

The aim of this chapter is to investigate diaphasic variation in the texts written by the Deir el-Medina scribe Amennakhte son of Ipuy in New Kingdom Egypt (ca. 1150 BCE) by analysing the graphemic and linguistic features of the registers used by this individual when writing texts belonging to different genres. The registers are conceived here as selections operating within the scribal repertoire. At an empirical level, this study is intended as a first step towards a comprehensive description of the types of linguistic variation found within the written production of the Deir el-Medina community in New Kingdom Egypt (ca. 1500–1050 BCE). At a more methodological level, as a case study testing the applicability of some historical sociolinguistic methods in the field of Ancient Egyptian, which could ultimately result in refining our approach to its diachrony. [less ▲]

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See detailLinguistic variation in Ancient Egyptian. An introduction to the state of the art (with special attention to the community of Deir el-Medina)
Polis, Stéphane ULiege

in Cromwell, Jennifer; Grossman, Eitan (Eds.) Scribal Repertoires in Egypt from the New Kingdom to the Early Islamic Period (2017)

In this chapter, I explore different aspects of the variability ‘inherent to human languages’ as it manifests itself in the corpus of pre-Demotic texts from Ancient Egypt. More specifically, I adopt a ... [more ▼]

In this chapter, I explore different aspects of the variability ‘inherent to human languages’ as it manifests itself in the corpus of pre-Demotic texts from Ancient Egypt. More specifically, I adopt a sociolinguistic perspective and describe the types of impact that extra-linguistic factors have had on the written performance in this specific socio-cultural setting. [less ▲]

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See detailPolysemy networks in language contact. The borrowing of the Greek-origin Preposition κατά/ⲕⲁⲧⲁ in Coptic
Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane ULiege

in Dils, Peter; Grossman, Eitan; Richter, Tonio Sebastian (Eds.) et al Greek Influence on Egyptian-Coptic (2017)

This paper explores a particular aspect of the semantics of adposition borrowing, focusing on the extent to which polysemy networks associated with model language adpositions are copied in the target ... [more ▼]

This paper explores a particular aspect of the semantics of adposition borrowing, focusing on the extent to which polysemy networks associated with model language adpositions are copied in the target language. We make use of the distinction between comparative concepts and descriptive categories (Haspelmath 2010) to describe the integration of loanwords in a target language, in this case Greek-origin adpositions in Coptic. Taking the Greek-origin adposition κατά (katá) in Coptic as a case study, we show that entire polysemy networks are not borrowed. Rather, only some sections – not necessarily contiguous on a semantic map – of polysemy networks are borrowed. We conclude that this points to the possibility that loanwords are bor- rowed in individual constructions. [less ▲]

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See detailExplorer la variation graphique dans les sources hiératiques de l’époque ramesside : Le scribe Amennakhte, sa main, son école
Polis, Stéphane ULiege

Scientific conference (2016, December 07)

L'exposé est articulé en trois parties. Il s'ouvre sur un typologie de la variation dans les sources hiératiques du Nouvel Empire et vise à explorer les causes de cette dernière. Après quelques éléments ... [more ▼]

L'exposé est articulé en trois parties. Il s'ouvre sur un typologie de la variation dans les sources hiératiques du Nouvel Empire et vise à explorer les causes de cette dernière. Après quelques éléments de contextualisation concernant la communauté des ouvriers de la Tombe à Deir el-Médineh, la seconde partie est consacrée, d'une part, à la question de la construction de la norme - entre enseignement collectif et apprentissage individuel - et, d'autre part, à la diversité de la performance écrite (à travers l'examen de textes littéraires produits par Amennakhte et son ‘école’). En conclusion, je présente trois cas illustrant des voies fructueuses dans l'identification des mains de scribes et le regroupement de documents sur base paléographique. [less ▲]

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See detailAncient Egyptian texts in contexts. Towards a conceptual data model (the Thot Data Model - TDM)
Polis, Stéphane ULiege; Razanajao, Vincent ULiege

in Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies (2016), 59(2), 24-41

In this paper, we propose a conceptual data model that could be the basis for future implementations of databases and digital corpuses of Ancient Egyptian texts that fully integrate the material ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we propose a conceptual data model that could be the basis for future implementations of databases and digital corpuses of Ancient Egyptian texts that fully integrate the material dimensions of writing. The types of metadata that can be used for documenting the elements and relationships of this model are discussed and the resources (URIs) available for its online implementation (in the perspective of the ‘linked open data’ movement) are examined. [less ▲]

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See detailThe genesis of a negative agentive nominalizer. The journey of jwtj between Old Egyptian and Coptic
Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane ULiege

Conference (2016, October 21)

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See detailTowards a data model for (inter)textual relationships. Connecting Ancient Egyptian texts and understanding scribal practices
Polis, Stéphane ULiege; Razanajao, Vincent ULiege; Sojic, Nathalie ULiege

Conference (2016, October 05)

The goal of this lecture is theory-oriented: we propose a conceptual data model that allows us to deal with complex textual relationships. It is empirically grounded in our experience of digital ... [more ▼]

The goal of this lecture is theory-oriented: we propose a conceptual data model that allows us to deal with complex textual relationships. It is empirically grounded in our experience of digital annotation of Ancient Egyptian texts. This paper is initially born out of the practical need of annotating and linking together hundreds of textual witnesses in the framework of the Ramses project (Polis et al. 2013; Polis & Winand 2013), the aim of which is to build and publish online (http://ramses.ulg.ac.be) the first richly annotated corpus of Late Egyptian texts (c. 1350-900 BCE). [less ▲]

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See detailHieroglyphic encoding: The Thot Sign-List (TSL) data model and the hieroglyphic signs in Unicode
Polis, Stéphane ULiege; Rosmorduc, Serge

Conference (2016, July 11)

In this paper, we review issues related to the existing hieroglyphic sign-lists, focusing especially on the problematic aspects of the 'Manuel de Codage' (1988) and of the so-called 'Hieroglyphica' (2000 ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we review issues related to the existing hieroglyphic sign-lists, focusing especially on the problematic aspects of the 'Manuel de Codage' (1988) and of the so-called 'Hieroglyphica' (2000) for font-designers and users alike. We propose and discuss a data model for the Thot Sign-List (TSL, in prep.). This data model shall lead to the implementation of a structured and systematically referenced hieroglyphic repertoire, which should ultimately allow a sound extension of the Egyptian Hieroglyphs in Unicode. [less ▲]

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See detailParatextual elements in a papyrus archive from Deir el-Medina. Exploring a marginal scribal practice across genres and time
Polis, Stéphane ULiege

Conference (2016, June 02)

The aim of this paper is to describe the variety of paratextual elements encountered in the so-called ‘Chester Beatty’ papyrus archive coming from Deir el-Medina (Western Thebes; New Kingdom). Originally ... [more ▼]

The aim of this paper is to describe the variety of paratextual elements encountered in the so-called ‘Chester Beatty’ papyrus archive coming from Deir el-Medina (Western Thebes; New Kingdom). Originally, this archive consisted of over 45 different manuscripts, which passed into various hands among the Necropolis workmen of the New Kingdom during a period of more than 100 years (Černý 1945; Koenig 1981; Pestman 1982; Grandet 2002) and is now scattered among collections and museums around the world (Cairo, Dublin, Geneva, London, Oxford).After some considerations on the history of this archive — from Antiquity until its eventful discovery, both in situ within the village of Deir el-Medina and on the antiquity market between 1928 and 1935 (Posener, in Černý 1978: VI-VII) — this talk will be devoted to the formal description and functional categorization of the paratextual elements encountered in the texts of the archive. This corpus has been selected in order to limit the amount of variation possibly induced by different mediums (the texts are all written on papyrus) and by heterogeneous socio-cultural settings. On the other hand, it allows me to explore a great variety of paratextual elements used by this community across time (from the 19th dynasty until the second part of the 20th dynasty) and genres. [less ▲]

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See detailDébats autour du concept de type en typologie des langues
Lttr13; Badir, Sémir ULiege; Polis, Stéphane ULiege et al

Conference (2016, May 18)

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See detailThe hands of Papyrus Turin 1879: Individualizing handwritings in 20th dynasty hieratic sources
Polis, Stéphane ULiege

Conference (2016, April 08)

Papyrus Turin 1879 (and other fragments) — the so-called ‘Map of the gold mines’ or ‘Turin map’ — is among the most famous papyri of the Turin collection, but it was neither systematically published, nor ... [more ▼]

Papyrus Turin 1879 (and other fragments) — the so-called ‘Map of the gold mines’ or ‘Turin map’ — is among the most famous papyri of the Turin collection, but it was neither systematically published, nor studied up until today. Most of the egyptological attention was indeed captured by the ‘map’ side (e.g., Goyon 1949; Harrell & Brown 1992, with previous references), but the other side, which contains many hieratic texts belonging to different genres, has never been examined thoroughly (exceptions are Janssen 1994 and Hovestreydt 1997 for col. 1-2 of frag. A, vo). The goal of this talk is twofold. First, I will provide an overview of the texts found on this papyrus, focusing on the types of hieratic hands. A special attention will be devoted to the repertoire of hieratic signs as well as to the amount of variation in terms of signs formation for a single hand. Second, I will explore the possibility of ‘individualizing’ the hands of this papyrus by connecting their features to other hieratic sources of the 20th dynasty. Harrel & Brown’s (1992) suggestions regarding the attribution of these texts to specific scribes will be challenged and an alternative methodology will be suggested. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Egyptianness of the Coptic basic vocabulary: A typological view
Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane ULiege

Conference (2016, February 18)

The notion of ‘basic vocabulary’ is associated with the linguist and anthropologist Morris Swadesh, who proposed a list of 200 (and later 100) items. These lists, while widely used in historical and ... [more ▼]

The notion of ‘basic vocabulary’ is associated with the linguist and anthropologist Morris Swadesh, who proposed a list of 200 (and later 100) items. These lists, while widely used in historical and comparative linguistics, are based on Swadesh’s intuitions rather than on empirical research. More recently, however, the Leipzig Loanword Typology Project conducted a cross-linguistic survey of loanwords (Haspelmath & Tadmor 2009). One of the results is a 100-item list of basic vocabulary entries — the ‘Leipzig-Jakarta list of basic vocabulary.’ This list is the product of four factors, computed for a database of 1440 meanings in 41 languages: borrowability, representation in the database, analyzability / simplicity, and age. As Tadmor (2009) points out, this is the first list of basic vocabulary items based on extensive cross-linguistic comparison, and it constitutes a ‘full-fledged basic vocabulary’ that ‘comprises the notions normally associated with this concept: stability (our age score), universality (our representation score) and simplicity (our analyzability score), as well as resistance to borrowing (our unborrowed score)’ (2009: 68). In this talk, we examine this list of 100 meanings in order to evaluate the influence of Greek on the Coptic basic vocabulary, or — to put it the other way around — the ‘Egyptian¬ness’ of the Coptic lexicon, which seems to reflect an intense language contact situation. As a first step, Coptic data were collected from Crum (1939), the most extensive Coptic dictionary, for four dialects: Sahidic, Bohairic, Fayyumic, and Akhmimic. All Coptic lexemes associated with a meaning on the list were collected, even if poorly attested. Additionally, a questionnaire was been submitted to Copticists in order to detect Greek loanwords that would also be used for expressing these 100 meanings. Furthermore, we used etymological tools (Černý 1976; Westendorf 1977; Vycichl 1983) in order to attribute an age score (from 0 = Greek loanword to 4 = Old Egyptian) to the lexemes at two levels: the formal level (when is the word first attested in Ancient Egyptian) and the semantic level (when is the Coptic meaning first associated with this word). The vast majority of meanings (ca. 85%) have at least one pre-Coptic Egyptian cognate, most of which are already attested in Old Kingdom texts. As a result of this study, we are able (1) to evaluate the influence of Greek on the basic vocabulary of the main Coptic dialects, (2) to describe the basic vocabulary of Coptic dialects independently and to observe how they differ from one another, (3) to produce a first estimate of the rate of change in basic vocabularies over the course of Egyptian as a whole. [less ▲]

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See detailNouveaux textes littéraires du scribe Amennakhte (et autres ostraca relatifs au scribe de la Tombe)
Dorn, Andreas ULiege; Polis, Stéphane ULiege

in Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale (2016), 116

Cet article est le premier d’une série de contributions consacrées à la publication de documents inédits conservés à l’Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale et ayant pour point commun le fait d’être ... [more ▼]

Cet article est le premier d’une série de contributions consacrées à la publication de documents inédits conservés à l’Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale et ayant pour point commun le fait d’être, plus ou moins directement, liés au fameux scribe de la Tombe Amennakhte, fils d’Ipouy. L’objectif est de fournir les matériaux de base qui seront nécessaires à la réalisation de projets de plus grande ampleur, telles une étude micro-historique autour de l’individu en question et une analyse globale de la production textuelle d’un scribe de Deir el-Médineh à la 20e dynastie. Les six ostraca publiés ici appartiennent au fonds des ostraca dits « littéraires » de l’IFAO. Les deux premiers documents sont assurément les plus remarquables dans la mesure où ils viennent enrichir le nombre des textes littéraires ‘signés’ par le scribe Amennakhte. [less ▲]

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See detailActualités du modèle darwinien en linguistique
Lttr13; Badir, Sémir ULiege; Polis, Stéphane ULiege et al

in Blanckaert, Claude; Léon, Jacqueline; Samain, Didier (Eds.) Modélisations et sciences humaines. Figurer, interpréter, simuler (2016)

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See detailFigures de l'énonciation : les gestes discursifs du savoir
Lttr13; Badir, Sémir ULiege; Polis, Stéphane ULiege et al

in Biglari, Amir; Salvan, Geneviève (Eds.) Figures en discours (2016)

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See detailA re-examination of O. Cairo JdE 72460 (= O. Cairo SR 1475). Ending the quest for a 19th Dynasty queen’s tomb in the Valley of the Kings
Dorn, Andreas; Polis, Stéphane ULiege

in Collombert, Philippe; Lefèvre, Dominique; Polis, Stéphane (Eds.) et al Aere perennius. Mélanges égyptologiques en l'honneur de Pascal Vernus (2016)

In this paper, we offer a new interpretation for O. Cairo JdE 72460. Based on a discussion of the expressions used for measuring distances in the New Kingdom documentation, we explore the various possible ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we offer a new interpretation for O. Cairo JdE 72460. Based on a discussion of the expressions used for measuring distances in the New Kingdom documentation, we explore the various possible translations. We then try to map the abstract relationships between places as well as the related measurements onto actual archeological structures. We come to the conclusion that this ostracon might be linked to work in progress inside KV 5. [less ▲]

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See detailBibliographie de Pascal Vernus (1967-2014)
Lefèvre, Dominique; Polis, Stéphane ULiege

in Collombert, Philippe; Lefèvre, Dominique; Polis, Stéphane (Eds.) et al Aere perennius. Mélanges égyptologiques en l'honneur de Pascal Vernus (2016)

Cette bibliographie - divisée en deux sections, les "monographies" et les "articles" - ne reprends que les publications de Pascal Vernus à portée directement scientifique. Les nombreux articles ayant un ... [more ▼]

Cette bibliographie - divisée en deux sections, les "monographies" et les "articles" - ne reprends que les publications de Pascal Vernus à portée directement scientifique. Les nombreux articles ayant un objectif de vulgarisation n'ont pas été retenus. Enfin les compte-rendus d'ouvrages ainsi que les compte-rendus annuels qui ont paru dans l'Annuaire de l'École pratique des Hautes Études n'ont pas été inclus afin de ne pas gonfler une bibliographie déjà riche de près de deux-cents titres. [less ▲]

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