References of "Philippart, Jean-Claude"
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See detailBiodiversité et caractéristiques physiques des cours d'eau
Philippart, Jean-Claude ULiege

in Lambot, Françis; et collaborateurs (Eds.) Actes du Colloque de Namur "La gestion physique des cours d'eau: bilan d'une décennie d'ingénierie écologique" (2008)

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See detailSexual maturity, reproductive behaviour and fertility in the first-generation hybrids of Blicca bjoerkna L. x Abramis brama L.
Matondo, Billy Nzau; Ovidio, Michaël ULiege; Philippart, Jean-Claude ULiege et al

in Cybium (2008), 32(2), 286-289

Sexual maturity, reproductive behaviour and fertility in the artificial first-generation hybrids of silver bream, Blicca bjoerkna, and common bream, Abramis brama, were investigated in this study. The ... [more ▼]

Sexual maturity, reproductive behaviour and fertility in the artificial first-generation hybrids of silver bream, Blicca bjoerkna, and common bream, Abramis brama, were investigated in this study. The results revealed that the females and males of hybrids attained their first sexual maturity at the same age. Maturity in F, hybrids was observed at the same moment as maturity in the common bream, the latter being the parental species. Sizes of male hybrids at maturity were intermediate to their parents but female hybrids were closer to the highest parental species, the common bream. As for reproductive behaviour, the numbers of spawning and mating behaviours observed were highly similar. Female hybrids mated simultaneously and successively with all types of males, except the common bream male. resulting in fertilised eggs. Male hybrids exhibited aggressiveness and territorial activities as in parental species common bream. Successful survival was observed in all post-F-1 (F-2 and backcross) generations at each developmental stage, proving that these hybrids are fertile. [less ▲]

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See detailMovement patterns and spawning activity of individual nase Chondrostoma nasus (L.) in flow-regulated and weir-fragmented rivers
Ovidio, Michaël ULiege; Philippart, Jean-Claude ULiege

in Journal of Applied Ichthyology (2008), 24(3), 256-262

Eighteen adult nase Chondrostoma nasus (L.) (37.6-48.2 cm FL) from three highly fragmented Belgian rivers were tagged with surgically implanted radio transmitters and manually tracked from the banks of ... [more ▼]

Eighteen adult nase Chondrostoma nasus (L.) (37.6-48.2 cm FL) from three highly fragmented Belgian rivers were tagged with surgically implanted radio transmitters and manually tracked from the banks of the rivers for 3-34 weeks. Their movements were mainly recorded during the circum reproduction period in 2001, 2002 and 2006 in river stretches delimited by physical barriers and/or minimum flow conditions. To reach the spawning grounds, nase displayed different patterns of movements that were mainly influenced by the configuration of the study site, the date of observation and the associated environmental conditions. Nase never cleared any physical obstacle but were able to spawn in minimum flow conditions or just downstream from physical obstacles. Nase were present on spawning grounds in late March in the warmest spring (2001) and from mid-April to early May in the coldest spring (2006). After spawning, a major proportion of C. nasus migrated a substantial distance downstream, whereas others remained near their capture site and showed frequent movements, sometimes corresponding to group displacements from one river to another. [less ▲]

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See detailMating patterns of first-generation hybrids of the roach, Rutilus rutilus (L.), and the silver bream, Blicca bjoerkna (L.)
Nzau Matondo, Billy; Ovidio, Michaël ULiege; Philippart, Jean-Claude ULiege et al

in Journal of Ethology (2008), 26(1), 179-183

Mating patterns among first-generation hybrids of the roach, Rutilus rutilus, and the silver bream, Blicca bjoerkna, between hybrids or with parent-species males, have been investigated under experimental ... [more ▼]

Mating patterns among first-generation hybrids of the roach, Rutilus rutilus, and the silver bream, Blicca bjoerkna, between hybrids or with parent-species males, have been investigated under experimental reproduction conditions. The results reveal that the level of sexual activity of these hybrids is high. Hybrid females mated simultaneously and successively with all types of male, resulting in fertilised eggs. Individual participation of roach males in mating was never observed, however. [less ▲]

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See detailL'avenir démographique de l'anguille européenne (Anguilla anguilla) dans la Meuse. Déclin inexorable ou sauvetage in extremis ?
Philippart, Jean-Claude ULiege

Conference (2007, November 07)

Demographic future of the European eel (Anguilla anguilla) in the River Meuse basin in Wallonia. Potential extinction or possible restoration ?

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See detailLa migration de remontée de l’anguille dans le bassin de la Meuse
Philippart, Jean-Claude ULiege; Ovidio, Michaël ULiege

Scientific conference (2007, November 07)

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See detailHybridization success of three common European cyprinid species, Rutilus rutilus, Blicca bjoerkna and Abramis brama and larval resistance to stress tests
Nzau Matondo, Billy; Ovidio, Michaël ULiege; Poncin, Pascal ULiege et al

in Fisheries Science (2007), 73(5), 1137-1146

Hybridization success at early developmental stages and larval resistance to osmotic, thermal and fasting tests in roach Rutilus rutilus, silver bream Blicca bjoerkna, common bream Abramis brama and their ... [more ▼]

Hybridization success at early developmental stages and larval resistance to osmotic, thermal and fasting tests in roach Rutilus rutilus, silver bream Blicca bjoerkna, common bream Abramis brama and their F1 hybrids were investigated. Results revealed that hybrid survival rates were similar to parents. At the eyed embryo stage, however, a maternal effect was observed as a general trend during hatchling and larval stages. After these stages, hybrids displayed a higher survival rate than their parents. Under stress tests, no survival was observed after 40 min for osmotic and thermal shocks and after 24 days for the prolonged fasting test in these species and their F1 hybrids. The median survivals of hybrids were intermediate between the two parents. For total mortality, hybrids were also affected by a maternal effect but to the advantage of the hybrids. [less ▲]

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See detailMultiyear homing and fidelity to residence areas by individual barbel (Barbus barbus)
Ovidio, Michaël ULiege; Parkinson, Denis; Philippart, Jean-Claude ULiege et al

in Belgian Journal of Zoology (2007), 137(2), 183-190

Nine barbels (Barbus barbus) from the River Ourthe (River Meuse basin) were equipped with transmitters programmed to switch ON during two consecutive spawning seasons in 1998 and 1999 (April to July). Six ... [more ▼]

Nine barbels (Barbus barbus) from the River Ourthe (River Meuse basin) were equipped with transmitters programmed to switch ON during two consecutive spawning seasons in 1998 and 1999 (April to July). Six of the nine barbels tracked in 1998 were also tracked in 1999 during the same period. The length of the spawning migration ranged from 200 to 22700m. After the spawning activity observed from 12-16 May 1998 and 4-6 May 1999, the barbels homed to the site occupied before spawning. Each barbel used the same spawning area in 1998 and 1999, despite the presence of other spawning sites on their migratory route. These observations revealed the existence of strict reproductive homing in the barbel and a long-term fidelity to particular resting places. [less ▲]

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See detailDoes turbulence affect the habitat choice of Atlantic salmon parr?
Enders, Eva C; Ovidio, Michaël ULiege; Roy, Mathieu L et al

Conference (2007, June)

Habitat preferences of Atlantic salmon parr are commonly described using mean flow velocity, water depth, and substrate as habitat variables, and a variety of habitat models have been developed using ... [more ▼]

Habitat preferences of Atlantic salmon parr are commonly described using mean flow velocity, water depth, and substrate as habitat variables, and a variety of habitat models have been developed using these variables to predict habitat quality. However, Atlantic salmon parr live in highly turbulent streams and rivers, in which intense fluctuations of flow velocity occur. Habitat preferences that consider the high variability of flow velocity have not been studied, and this although it has been shown in laboratory experiments that turbulence may affect the behavior and energetics of fish. Consequently, we studied the use of turbulent flow by Atlantic salmon parr in Patapédia River, Québec, Canada using radio-telemetry. We analyzed summer habitat preferences of individual parr in relation to several dynamic hydraulic variables such as standard deviation of flow velocity, turbulent kinetic energy, Froude number, and shear stress, and compared them with the habitat availability within the river reach. Our results revealed that in a natural flow environment, parr display a high individual variability in habitat preferences in relation to flow turbulence. Such heterogeneous habitat preferences suggest that individuals are not constrained to single habitat types and exhibit flexible habitat use. Furthermore, no differences were observed in habitat preferences between the four daily periods (dawn, day, dusk, and night) within individual parr. [less ▲]

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See detailBehavioural tactics and spawning activity of rheophilic cyprinids radio-tracked in the transition zone between natural flow and minimum flow conditions
Ovidio, Michaël ULiege; Guillaume, Nicolas; Hallot, Eric ULiege et al

Conference (2007, June)

Using water resources for hydro-electricity production influences and limits the quality and quantity of habitat available for use by resident fishes. Changes in the fish community structure after setting ... [more ▼]

Using water resources for hydro-electricity production influences and limits the quality and quantity of habitat available for use by resident fishes. Changes in the fish community structure after setting minimum flow conditions have been more frequently studied than the behavioural adaptations of fish living in the vicinity of the disturbed river section. In the River Amblève (River Meuse basin, Belgium), a hydraulic power plant bypasses the river over a length of 10 km. Adult nase Chondrostoma nasus (n=10) and barbel Barbus barbus (n=8) were captured in the restitution zone of the turbinated flow several weeks before their reproduction periods. They were equipped with implant radio transmitters and manually and intensively tracked over several months to more than 1 year. The environmental conditions (water temperature and flow) as well as the geomorphology of the river were compared in both natural and flow-regulated sections. Nase and barbel demonstrated the capacity to map their contrasted environment and adapted their space and habitat utilisation as well as the choice of their spawning sites in relation with their specific biological characteristics and the environmental variations. The results are discussed in the context of the management of fish movements in flow-regulated rivers. [less ▲]

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See detailMobility of individual roach Rutilus rutilus (L.) in three weir-fragmented Belgian rivers
Geeraerts, Caroline; Ovidio, Michaël ULiege; Verbiest, Hilde et al

in Hydrobiologia (2007), 582

Adult roach Rutilus rutilus (L.) (N = 24; 19.9-36.1 cm FL) from three highly fragmented Belgian rivers were tagged with surgically implanted radio transmitters. Their seasonal movements were observed from ... [more ▼]

Adult roach Rutilus rutilus (L.) (N = 24; 19.9-36.1 cm FL) from three highly fragmented Belgian rivers were tagged with surgically implanted radio transmitters. Their seasonal movements were observed from March to August 2004 (circum reproduction period) in river stretches delimited by two physical barriers. In the three rivers, roach displayed similar patterns of movements which were mainly influenced by the date of observation (movements increased in late April-May) and water temperature (travel distances were more important when water temperature ranged between 10 degrees C and 14 degrees C). Roach sometimes cleared physical obstacles. The mean distances travelled in each river were relatively short (max. 2.5 km) and mainly influenced by the length of the study reach, which was delimited by physical barriers. [less ▲]

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See detailLa réintroduction du saumon atlantique dans le bassin de la Meuse : synthèse et résultats
Malbrouck, Christelle; Micha, Jean-Claude; Philippart, Jean-Claude ULiege

Book published by Ministère de la Région wallonne- Direction générale des Ressources Naturelles et de l'Environnement (DGRNE) - D/2007/5322/29 (2007)

Cette brochure fait le point, dans la situation de 2005, sur le projet 'Meuse Saumon 2000' lancé en Région wallonne en 1987 et s'inscrit dans un ensemble d'actions internationales en faveur de l'espèce ... [more ▼]

Cette brochure fait le point, dans la situation de 2005, sur le projet 'Meuse Saumon 2000' lancé en Région wallonne en 1987 et s'inscrit dans un ensemble d'actions internationales en faveur de l'espèce. Les sujets suivants sont abordés: i) une brève présentation du saumon Atlantique en termes de répartition géographique et de cycle biologique; ii) un rappel de l'histoire démographique du saumon Atlantique dans le bassin de Meuse avec l'évocation de son extinction locale dans les années 1940-1950 à cause d'une combinaison de facteurs tels que la pollution des eaux, la dégradation physique des habitats, la construction de barrages faisant obstacles aux migrations de reproduction de la mer vers les frayères surtout situées dans les rivières ardennaises ainsi que la pêche commerciale excessive; iii) une présentation des réalisations du projet pour le rétablissement de la libre remontée à partir de la Meuse, la construction d'échelles à poissons et l'évaluation de l'efficacité de ces ouvrages grâce à des contrôles biologiques réguliers (notamment au barrage de Lixhe); iv) une description du programme de repeuplement en jeunes saumons d'élevage et des études du suivi de l'efficacité des repeuplements; v) une caractérisation du comportement de dévalaison des jeunes saumons (smolts) et une identification des risques associés au passage des saumoneaux dans les turbines des centrales hydroélectriques aux barrages. Ces premières actions ont conduit en fin 2002-début 2003 à la remontée dans la Meuse jusqu'au barrage de Lixhe et dans la basse Berwinne à Berneau d'une quinzaine de saumons adultes de 61,5-79,0 cm issus des repeuplements en juvéniles, ce qui n'avait plus été vu en Meuse belge depuis près de 70 ans. Ces saumons été transférés en stations d'élevage et une partie de ces poissons adultes ont été reproduits artificiellement pour constituer une souche de 'nouveaux saumons de la Meuse'. Enfin, le dossier évoque les principales perpectives d'évolution du programme : i) le développement de la pisciculture régionale d'Errzée, ii) la finalisation de la construction de nouvelles passes à poissons pour la remontée et la dévalaison, iii) la poursuite des mesures pour améliorer la qualité des eaux et iv) l'intensification de la coopération internationale. [less ▲]

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See detailDéfinition de bases biologiques et éco-hydrauliques pour la libre circulation des poissons dans les cours d'eau non navigables de Wallonie. Volume 3: Identification des priorités d'action d'après les critères biologiques et piscicoles.
Ovidio, Michaël ULiege; Philippart, Jean-Claude ULiege

Report (2007)

Depuis 1988, le Ministère de la Région wallonne (MRW), Direction Générale des Ressources Naturelles et de l'Environnement (DGRNE), Direction des Cours d'Eau non navigables (DCENN) fait procéder à un ... [more ▼]

Depuis 1988, le Ministère de la Région wallonne (MRW), Direction Générale des Ressources Naturelles et de l'Environnement (DGRNE), Direction des Cours d'Eau non navigables (DCENN) fait procéder à un inventaire complet des obstacles physiques potentiels à la libre circulation des poissons dans les cours d'eau des bassins hydrographiques de la Meuse, du Rhin et partiellement de l'Escaut. Cette mission est assurée par une équipe de la Fédération des Sociétés de Pêche de l'Est et du Sud de la Belgique (FSPESB) qui a déjà couvert un vaste domaine hydrogéographique . Complémentairement à cet inventaire sur le terrain, la DCENN a chargé le LDPH-ULg de réaliser des études visant à caractériser, notamment par biotélémétrie, la franchissabilité effective de divers types d'obstacles, d'évaluer l'efficacité de certaines échelles à poissons construites sur des cours d'eau non navigables et, de manière générale, de rassembler un maximum d'informations sur l'évolution des connaissances et des techniques en matière de rétablissement de la libre circulation des poissons en rivière (Ovidio et al., 2005 & 2007). Ces différentes approches centrées sur les cours d'eau non navigables sont aussi développées par le LDPH sur les cours d'eau navigables à travers le suivi scientifique du programme Saumon Meuse (MRW, 2007) et l'exécution du volet ULg du programme Fédéral 2003-2006 FISHGUARD (Blust et De Boeck, 2003 ; De Boeck et al., 2006). L’approche du problème de la libre circulation des poissons en rivière se situe dans un contexte régional (Nouveau Code wallon de l'Eau),mais aussi international : Décision Benelux d'avril 1996 (Benelux, 1996-1999), Plans d'Action Meuse de la Commission Internationale de la Meuse-CIM (CIM, 2001 et 2002), Implications de la Directive Cadre sur l'Eau quant à la qualité écologique des eaux de surface (Guyon et al., 2006), Perspective de plans d’actions pour le sauvetage de l’anguille européenne (Belpaire, 2005). Vu l'état actuel d'avancement de toutes les études et actions menées en Région wallonne en cette matière, nous proposons dans le présent dossier de synthèse une analyse des options de gestion applicables aux espèces de poissons les plus concernées de notre ichtyofaune ainsi qu'une sélection des aménagements à évaluer en vue d’une amélioration et/ou à réaliser en priorité en fonction de différents critères. [less ▲]

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