References of "Pastoret, Paul-Pierre"
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See detailThe Replication in Vitro of the Gammaherpesvirus Bovine Herpesvirus 4 Is Restricted by Its DNA Synthesis Dependence on the S Phase of the Cell Cycle
Vanderplasschen, Alain ULiege; Goltz, M.; Lyaku, J. et al

in Virology (1995), 213(2), 328-40

Because several observations have suggested that replication of the gammaherpesvirus bovine herpesvirus 4 (BHV-4) is influenced by the physiological state of the host cell, a study was carried out to ... [more ▼]

Because several observations have suggested that replication of the gammaherpesvirus bovine herpesvirus 4 (BHV-4) is influenced by the physiological state of the host cell, a study was carried out to determine the relationship between BHV-4 infection and the cell cycle. The temporal expression of BHV-4 late (L) proteins in unsynchronized cell cultures was first investigated by flow cytometry. Interestingly, L protein expression occurred in a limited number of cells infected with a high multiplicity of infection, and a reciprocal correlation between the percentage of positive cells and the cell density at the time of infection was demonstrated. Moreover, the finding that a BHV-4 early-late protein was expressed in nearly all the cells suggested that a blockage in the viral replication cycle occurred in some infected cells at the stage of viral DNA synthesis or L protein expression. Because this blockage could be the consequence of the dependence of one or both of these events on the cell cycle, they were investigated after infection of synchronized cell cultures. The following findings were made. (i) Cell transition through the S phase quantitatively increased the rate of BHV-4 DNA replication. (ii) BHV-4 DNA synthesis could not be detected in cells arrested in G0. (iii) Synchronization of MDBK cells with Lovastatin before infection increased the percentage of cells expressing L proteins. (iv) In contrast, infection of cells arrested in G0 led to few positive cells. Taken together these results showed that BHV-4 DNA replication and consequently the expression of L proteins are dependent on the S phase of the cell cycle. This dependence could be of importance for several biological properties of BHV-4 infection in vitro and might have implications for the biology of the virus in vivo. [less ▲]

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See detailLatent Bovine Herpesvirus 1 Infection in Calves Protected by Colostral Immunity
Lemaire, Mylène; Meyer, Gilles; Ernst, E. et al

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (1995), 137(3), 70-1

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See detailAnalysis of Bovine Herpesvirus 4 Genomic Regions Located Outside the Conserved Gammaherpesvirus Gene Blocks
Lomonte, P.; Bublot, M.; van Santen, V. et al

in Journal of General Virology (The) (1995), 76((Pt 7)), 1835-41

Bovine herpesvirus 4 (BHV-4) DNA sequences located outside the gene blocks conserved among the gammaherpesviruses BHV-4, herpesvirus saimiri (HVS) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) were analysed. Twelve ... [more ▼]

Bovine herpesvirus 4 (BHV-4) DNA sequences located outside the gene blocks conserved among the gammaherpesviruses BHV-4, herpesvirus saimiri (HVS) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) were analysed. Twelve potential open reading frames (ORFs) were found. Protein database comparisons showed that no ORF translation products were similar to proteins encoded by alpha- or betaherpesviruses. Nevertheless, six of the ORFs were homologous in amino acid sequences to proteins encoded by HVS but apparently not to those encoded by EBV. Furthermore, the location and orientation of these six ORFs in the BHV-4 genome were similar to the corresponding ORFs in the HVS genome. No genes homologous to known cellular genes were found in the BHV-4 genome; this feature is the major difference between the BHV-4 and HVS genomes with regards to the overall gene content. [less ▲]

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See detailSynthesis and Processing of Bovine Herpesvirus-1 Glycoprotein H
Baranowski, Eric; Dubuisson, Jean; van Drunen Little-van den Hurk, Sylvia et al

in Virology (1995), 206(1), 651-4

The translation product of the bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1) gH gene was identified and characterized. Synthetic peptides were used to generate specific antisera and a glycoprotein of 108K was precipitated ... [more ▼]

The translation product of the bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1) gH gene was identified and characterized. Synthetic peptides were used to generate specific antisera and a glycoprotein of 108K was precipitated by one of the antisera. Cross-immunoprecipitations with monoclonal antibodies to BHV-1 glycoprotein gp108 and the anti-gH peptide antiserum demonstrated that gp108 is the translation product of the gH open reading frame. Glycoprotein gH synthesis and intracellular processing was analyzed in infected Madin-Darby bovine kidney cells using anti-gp 108 monoclonal antibodies. Glycoprotein gH is expressed as a beta-gamma protein and could be detected by radioimmunoprecipitation as early as 2 hr postinfection. Cotranslational N-glycosylation of gH is essential for the recognition by monoclonal antibodies, suggesting that N-linked glycans are involved in protein folding or that they are targets for most of monoclonal antibodies used in this study. [less ▲]

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See detailLe cheval de trait ardennais : évolution d’une race
Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULiege; Tinchi, Francis

in Colloques d'Histoire des Connaissances Zoologiques (1995), 6

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See detailQuantitative Assessment of the Specific Cd4+ T Lymphocyte Proliferative Response in Bovine Herpesvirus 1 Immune Cattle
Denis, M.; Kaashoek, M. J.; van Oirschot, J. T. et al

in Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology (1994), 42(3-4), 275-86

We quantified the CD4+ T cell proliferation specific for bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from cattle. The stimulation index as detected in proliferative assays performed ... [more ▼]

We quantified the CD4+ T cell proliferation specific for bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from cattle. The stimulation index as detected in proliferative assays performed in the presence of BHV-1 antigen is highly variable in immune cattle. By using proliferative assays performed after negative selection we showed that, as expected, CD4+ T cells were the limiting cell type for antigen-induced proliferation. Neither B, gamma delta T nor CD8+ cells seemed to be involved. The limiting dilution method was established to obtain quantitative estimations, namely frequencies of specific T cells. When limiting dilution cultures were supplemented with interleukin-2 (IL-2), an IL-2 induced unspecific cell proliferation masked the specific T cell proliferation. Natural killer cells were not the major cell type involved, but CD4+ lymphocytes themselves seemed to respond to IL-2 irrespective of the presence of antigen. When cultures were performed without addition of IL-2, the frequency of BHV-1 specific proliferative T cells could be obtained by the difference between the frequency of proliferating cells calculated in the presence and absence of antigen. The method provides a sensitive and quantitative means to measure the T cell immune response to BHV-1 vaccine candidates. [less ▲]

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See detailMise au point et validation d'un ELISA sandwich pour la détection d'antigène viral dans les leucocytes des bovins infectés de manière persistante par le virus de la diarrhée virale bovine
Mignon, Bernard ULiege; Dubuisson, Jean; Waxweiler, Sophie et al

in El Hassane Diop, P.; Kaeckenbeeck, A. (Eds.) Biotechnologies du diagnostic et de la prévention des maladies animales (1994)

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See detailPerspectives en matière de diagnostic, de contrôle et de prévention des infections à herpèsvirus chez les bovins
Thiry, Etienne ULiege; Lemaire, Mylène; Baranowski, Eric et al

Part of book (1994)

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See detailL'encéphalite bovine à herpèsvirus
Meyer, Gilles; Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULiege; Thiry, Etienne ULiege

Part of book (1994)

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See detailLes herpèsvirus bovins : biologie et implications
Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULiege; Lemaire, Mylène; Denis, Martine et al

Part of book (1994)

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See detailInfectious bovine rhinotracheitis (bovine herpesvirus 1) : helper T cells, cytotoxic T cells, and NK cells
Denis, Martine; Splitter, G.; Thiry, Etienne ULiege et al

Part of book (1994)

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See detailLe contrôle de l'infection par le virus de la rhinotrachéite infectieuse bovine
Lemaire, Mylène; Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULiege; Thiry, Etienne ULiege

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1994), 138

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See detailMadin Darby Bovine Kidney Cell Synchronization by Lovastatin: Application to Bovine Herpesvirus-1 Gene Expression
Vanderplasschen, Alain ULiege; Hanon, E.; Benarafa, C. et al

in Veterinary Research (1994), 25(6), 555-67

The number of investigations involving cell proliferation has increased rapidly in the last years. One of the major difficulties in studying cell-cycle-related events is obtaining highly synchronous cell ... [more ▼]

The number of investigations involving cell proliferation has increased rapidly in the last years. One of the major difficulties in studying cell-cycle-related events is obtaining highly synchronous cell populations without metabolic imbalance. This study demonstrates that the Madin Darby bovine kidney (MDBK) cells, a commonly used cell line in veterinary research, can be effectively synchronized using lovastatin (Lov), a drug used to treat hypercholesteremia in humans. This was demonstrated by the following results: (i) Lov inhibits cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner; (ii) Lov synchronizes MDBK cells mainly in the G1 and secondarily in the G2+M cell-cycle phases; (iii) the cytostatic effect of Lov can be specifically inhibited by addition of mevalonate (Mev) (Lov inhibits the synthesis of Mev); (iv) removal of Lov from G1-arrested cultures, followed by addition of Mev, resulted in the synchronous recovery of DNA synthesis; and (v) 5-bromo2'-deoxyuridine incorporation experiments revealed that MDBK cells synchronization by Lov can be followed for at least 3 cycles after removal of Lov and addition of Mev. Furthermore, as an application of investigations based on the availability of synchronized MDBK, we showed that bovine herpesvirus-1 gene expression is independent on the cell cycle. [less ▲]

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See detailLes glycoprotéines des herpèsvirus bovins 1 et 4
Thiry, Etienne ULiege; Baranowski, Eric; Lomonte, Patrick et al

in El Hassane Diop, P.; Kaeckenbeeck, A. (Eds.) Biotechnologies du diagnostic et de la prévention des maldies animales (1994)

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See detailAttachment of the Gammaherpesvirus Bovine Herpesvirus 4 Is Mediated by the Interaction of Gp8 Glycoprotein with Heparinlike Moieties on the Cell Surface
Vanderplasschen, Alain ULiege; Bublot, M.; Dubuisson, J. et al

in Virology (1993), 196(1), 232-40

Cell surface heparan sulfate serves as the initial receptor for several alphaherpesviruses and at least one betaherpesvirus. This study shows that during the process of adsorption of the gammaherpesvirus ... [more ▼]

Cell surface heparan sulfate serves as the initial receptor for several alphaherpesviruses and at least one betaherpesvirus. This study shows that during the process of adsorption of the gammaherpesvirus bovine herpesvirus 4 (BHV-4), the viral glycoprotein gp8 interacts with heparinlike moieties of cell surface. This conclusion is based on the following findings. (i) Soluble heparin was capable of blocking BHV-4 infection of Georgia bovine kidney cells by inhibition of viral attachment. (ii) Nevertheless, after virus adsorption to Georgia bovine kidney cells, heparin was partially capable of removing adsorbed virus. (iii) Enzymatic digestion of cell surface heparan sulfate but not of chondroitin sulfates A, B, and C reduced the binding of the virus to the cells, and rendered the cells partially resistant to infection. (iv) Radiolabeled purified BHV-4 bound to wild-type Chinese hamster ovary cells, whereas binding of the virus to mutant Chinese hamster ovary cell lines that where deficient in either all glycosaminoglycans or only heparan sulfate was significantly impaired. (v) Using heparin-affinity chromatography, gp8 glycoprotein was shown to bind specifically to immobilized heparin and to elute in the presence of soluble heparin. These data together showed that the gammaherpesvirus BHV-4, like alphaherpesviruses and one betaherpesvirus, adsorbs to cells by binding to cell surface heparin-like moieties. Therefore, this study extends the group of herpesviruses interacting with heparinlike moieties at the cell surface to a member of the gammaherpesvirinae subfamily. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentification of Different Target Glycoproteins for Bovine Herpes Virus Type 1-Specific Cytotoxic T Lymphocytes Depending on the Method of in Vitro Stimulation
Denis, M.; Slaoui, M.; Keil, G. et al

in Immunology (1993), 78(1), 7-13

Vaccinia virus recombinants expressing the three major bovine herpes virus-1 (BHV-1) glycoproteins gI, gIII and gIV were used to identify the major target antigens for BHV-1-specific CTL isolated from ... [more ▼]

Vaccinia virus recombinants expressing the three major bovine herpes virus-1 (BHV-1) glycoproteins gI, gIII and gIV were used to identify the major target antigens for BHV-1-specific CTL isolated from immune cattle. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) expanded in vitro in the presence of interleukin-2 (IL-2) and lysed both gIII- and gIV-infected target cells. Secondary in vitro stimulation of PBMC was also performed in the presence of either fixed BHV-1-infected autologous fibroblasts or ultraviolet (UV)-inactivated virus. Both methods of antigen presentation allowed the proliferation of BHV-1-specific CTL but the target glycoprotein for these CTL differed depending on the method of stimulation. Vaccinia-gIV-infected targets were lysed predominantly when PBMC were stimulated by fixed infected fibroblasts, whilst PBMC stimulated by UV-inactivated virus lysed mostly vaccinia-gIII-infected targets. This observation could be explained by a different processing pathway of BHV-1 antigens in each cell type involved. [less ▲]

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