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See detailThe cyclic lipopeptide orfamide induces systemic resistance in rice to Cochliobolus miyabeanus but not to Magnaporthe oryzae
Ma, Z.; Ongena, Marc ULiege; Höfte, M.

in Plant Cell Reports (2017), 36(11), 1731-1746

Key message: ThePseudomonas-derived cyclic lipopeptide orfamide can induce resistance toCochliobolus miyabeanus but not toMagnaporthe oryzae in rice. Abscisic acid signaling is involved in the induced ... [more ▼]

Key message: ThePseudomonas-derived cyclic lipopeptide orfamide can induce resistance toCochliobolus miyabeanus but not toMagnaporthe oryzae in rice. Abscisic acid signaling is involved in the induced systemic resistance response triggered by orfamide. Abstract: Diverse natural products produced by beneficial Pseudomonas species have the potential to trigger induced systemic resistance (ISR) in plants, and thus may contribute to control of diseases in crops. Some beneficial Pseudomonas spp. can produce cyclic lipopeptides (CLPs), amphiphilic molecules composed of a fatty acid tail linked to an oligopeptide which is cyclized. CLPs can have versatile biological functions, but the capacity of Pseudomonas-derived CLPs in triggering ISR responses has barely been studied. Pseudomonas protegens and related species can produce orfamide-type CLPs. Here we show that in rice, orfamides can act as ISR elicitors against the necrotrophic fungus Cochliobolus miyabeanus, the causal agent of brown spot disease, but are not active against the blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae. Orfamide A can trigger early defensive events and activate transcripts of defense-related genes in rice cell suspension cultures, but does not cause cell death. Further testing in rice cell suspension cultures and rice plants showed that abscisic acid signaling, the transcriptional activator OsWRKY4 and pathogenesis-related protein PR1b are triggered by orfamide A and may play a role in the ISR response against C. miyabeanus. © 2017, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany. [less ▲]

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See detailRole of phenazines and cyclic lipopeptides produced by pseudomonas sp. CMR12a in induced systemic resistance on rice and bean
Ma, Z.; Hua, G. K. H.; Ongena, Marc ULiege et al

in Environmental Microbiology Reports (2016)

Pseudomonas sp. CMR12a produces two different classes of cyclic lipopeptides (CLPs) (orfamides and sessilins), which all play a role in direct antagonism against soilborne pathogens. Here we show that ... [more ▼]

Pseudomonas sp. CMR12a produces two different classes of cyclic lipopeptides (CLPs) (orfamides and sessilins), which all play a role in direct antagonism against soilborne pathogens. Here we show that Pseudomonas sp. CMR12a is also able to induce systemic resistance to Magnaporthe oryzae on rice and to the web blight pathogen Rhizoctonia solani AG2-2 on bean. Plant assays with biosynthesis mutants of Pseudomonas sp. CMR12a impaired in the production of phenazines and/or CLPs and purified metabolites revealed that distinct bacterial determinants are responsible for inducing systemic resistance in these two pathosystems. In rice, mutants impaired in phenazine production completely lost their ability to induce systemic resistance, while a soil drench with pure phenazine-1-carboxamide (PCN) at a concentration of 0.1 or 1 μM was active in inducing resistance against M. oryzae. In bean, mutants that only produced phenazines, sessilins or orfamides were still able to induce systemic resistance against Rhizoctonia web blight, but a balanced production of these metabolites was needed. This study not only shows that Pseudomonas sp. CMR12a can protect rice to blast disease and bean to web blight disease, but also displays that the determinants involved in induced systemic resistance are plant, pathogen and concentration dependent. © 2016 Society for Applied Microbiology and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. [less ▲]

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See detailRadiative lifetimes along even-parity J = 1, 2 Rydberg series of neutral tin
Zhang, W.; You, S.; Sun, C. et al

in European Physical Journal D -- Atoms, Molecules, Clusters & Optical Physics (2009), 55

Using the time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) technique in a tin atomic beam, 40 natural radiative lifetimes have been measured for the even-parity J = 1 5pnp (n = 10–13, 15–19) and J = 2 5pnp ... [more ▼]

Using the time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) technique in a tin atomic beam, 40 natural radiative lifetimes have been measured for the even-parity J = 1 5pnp (n = 10–13, 15–19) and J = 2 5pnp (n = 10–13, 15–19, 27, 31, 32), 5pnf (n = 4, 5, 9–19, 22, 23) levels along the Rydberg series and for all the 5p8p perturbing levels of neutral tin with energies in the range 52263.8 to 59099.9 cm−1. A two-step laser excitation scheme was used in the experiment. A multiconfigurational relativistic Hartree-Fock (HFR) calculation taking core-polarization effects into account has also been performed for the even-parity states for testing the ability of this approach to correctly predict the radiative properties of tin atom. Through an analysis of the energy levels structure by the multichannel quantum defect theory (MQDT), the channel admixture coefficients have been obtained and used to fit the theoretical lifetimes to the experimental ones in order to predict new values for the levels not measured. A generally good overall agreement between experimental and theoretical MQDT and HFR lifetimes has been achieved except for a few levels. [less ▲]

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See detailLand´e factors for even-parity 5pnp and 5pnf J = 1, 2 levels along the Rydberg series of Sn I
Xu, J.; You, S.; Zhang, Y. et al

in Journal of Physics : B Atomic Molecular & Optical Physics (2009), 42

Land´e g-factors have been measured by time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence and Zeeman quantum-beat techniques for the even-parity levels of the J = 1 5pnp (n = 11–13, 15–19) and J = 2 5pnp (n = 11–13 ... [more ▼]

Land´e g-factors have been measured by time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence and Zeeman quantum-beat techniques for the even-parity levels of the J = 1 5pnp (n = 11–13, 15–19) and J = 2 5pnp (n = 11–13, 15–19, 31, 32), 5pnf (n = 4, 5, 9–19, 22, 23) Rydberg series and for all the 5p7p and 5p8p perturbing levels of neutral tin. A two-colour two-step excitation scheme was used in the experiment. The experimental results have been compared with theoretical g-values obtained by the multichannel quantum defect theory and the relativistic Hartree–Fock theory, respectively. In most cases, the theoretical values agree well with the experimental data. [less ▲]

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See detailLifetime and Landé factor measurements of 5p7p levels of Sn I by time-resolved laser spectroscopy
Zhang, Y.; Xu, J.; Zhang, W. et al

in Physical Review. A (2008), 78

Lifetimes for nine levels and Landé gJ factors for eight levels of the 5p7p configuration of neutral tin have been measured by the time-resolved fluorescence method and by the Zeeman quantum beat ... [more ▼]

Lifetimes for nine levels and Landé gJ factors for eight levels of the 5p7p configuration of neutral tin have been measured by the time-resolved fluorescence method and by the Zeeman quantum beat technique, respectively. A two-step laser excitation technique has been used for the measurements. The results obtained are compared with relativistic Hartree-Fock lifetime and gJ values taking core-polarization effects into account. [less ▲]

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See detailStudy findings : children's daily routines.
Delhaxhe, Arlette; Hindryckx, Geneviève ULiege; Olmsted, Patricia et al

in Olmsted, P.; Weickart, D. (Eds.) Families speak : early childhood care and education in 11 countries (1994)

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