References of "Rentier, Bernard"
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See detailI want to be an Open Scientist! Research evaluation and incentives to boost Open Science and research careers
Tanlongo, Federica; O’Neill, Gareth; Kurapati, Shalini et al

E-print/Working paper (2020)

Everybody is talking about Open Science and FAIR data but can you really make a living (and a good career) out of it? Will my career get better if I FAIRify my data? Or will it just make my head ache ... [more ▼]

Everybody is talking about Open Science and FAIR data but can you really make a living (and a good career) out of it? Will my career get better if I FAIRify my data? Or will it just make my head ache? When someone will evaluate my research, will the fact that my data complies with all the Open Science best practices matter? Or am I just losing time I should rather spend publishing on whatever journal I can lay hands on? And where am I supposed to learn how to be fair and open anyway? The right answer to these questions is crucial to the career choices and expectations of many students and young researchers, yes, but it is also the point which can make the difference between succeeding or failing in establishing Open Science (and ultimately Good Science). To be able to shift the research evaluation system in Europe in order to produce quality and reliable data, to set up a working incentive system for individual researchers and organisations is one of the keys to a widespread uptake of Open Science and FAIR practices. And being so crucial a point, we believe that researchers, Research Infrastructures, scientific organisations should have a say in this. That’s why we proposed an interactive session where good ideas, innovative pilots, proposed policies from all across Europe were presented and discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailSustainable and FAIR Data Sharing in the Humanities
Harrower, Natalie; Immenhauser, Beat; Lauer, Gehrard et al

Report (2020)

The ALLEA report “Sustainable and FAIR Data Sharing in the Humanities” provides key recommendations to make digital data in the humanities “Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reusable”, in line with ... [more ▼]

The ALLEA report “Sustainable and FAIR Data Sharing in the Humanities” provides key recommendations to make digital data in the humanities “Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reusable”, in line with the FAIR principles. The document is designed as a practical guide to help scholars, research funders, professionals and policymakers navigate the shift towards a sustainable data sharing culture. [less ▲]

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See detailResearch Assessment in an Open Science context
Rentier, Bernard ULiege

Conference (2019, September 17)

Research assessment must evolve and take into account Open Science (OS) criteria, i.e. analysis must be more qualitative than quantitative to avoid over-publication and other negative side-effects and to ... [more ▼]

Research assessment must evolve and take into account Open Science (OS) criteria, i.e. analysis must be more qualitative than quantitative to avoid over-publication and other negative side-effects and to provide incentives for the OS revolution. [less ▲]

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See detailOpen Science will never prevail without a thorough revisiting of the way evaluations of researchers are conducted
Rentier, Bernard ULiege

Conference (2019, June 20)

Open Science (OS) is a global movement reflecting in the scientific community a growing awareness of the importance of transparency and sharing. It promises to be a victory for cooperation over ... [more ▼]

Open Science (OS) is a global movement reflecting in the scientific community a growing awareness of the importance of transparency and sharing. It promises to be a victory for cooperation over competition. However, to succeed, it will have to overcome a deep human instinct of competitiveness. This inclination is fostered by an evaluation method based essentially on competition. It is very difficult today for early career researchers to adhere to the principles of OS as long as they keep being evaluated according to metric criteria that are most often indirect and reflect more the publisher’s prestige than the candidates’ qualities. Being trained and judged like jockeys in a horse race does not encourage them to take the time necessary for serenity in their research process nor to exchange and share honestly with their peers. A qualitative multi-criteria approach, OS-CAM: Open Science Career Assessment Matrix is now proposed. It is based not only on scholarly productivity but also on qualities expected in OS. It is adjustable according to the career level and to the field of research. It awaits to be used globally and fairly. [less ▲]

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See detailLa liberté de savoir: un enjeu universel
Rentier, Bernard ULiege

Article for general public (2019)

L’accès à la connaissance est un droit humain fondamental, en tant que corollaire du droit à l’éducation reconnu par le Pacte international relatif aux droits économiques, sociaux et culturels (PIDESC ... [more ▼]

L’accès à la connaissance est un droit humain fondamental, en tant que corollaire du droit à l’éducation reconnu par le Pacte international relatif aux droits économiques, sociaux et culturels (PIDESC) adopté par l’Assemblée générale de l’ONU le 16 décembre 1966. Ce pacte international, vieux de plus de 50 ans mettait en application l’article 26 de la Déclaration universelle des droits de l’homme. Ceci étant établi, il est évident qu’aucune barrière, ni technique, ni financière, ne peut priver quiconque de cet accès au savoir. [less ▲]

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See detailOpen Science, the challenge of transparency
Rentier, Bernard ULiege

Book published by Académie Royale de Belgique - New edition (2019)

[ebook] A new way of conceiving scientific research, Open Science, was born with the computer revolution. In the wake of Open Access (free public access to the results of publicly funded research), it ... [more ▼]

[ebook] A new way of conceiving scientific research, Open Science, was born with the computer revolution. In the wake of Open Access (free public access to the results of publicly funded research), it accompanies the great ideal of transparency that is now invading all spheres of life in society. This book describes its origins, perspectives and objectives. It also reveals the obstacles and barriers due to private profit and academic conservatism. [less ▲]

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See detailScience Ouverte, le défi de la transparence
Rentier, Bernard ULiege

Book published by Académie Royale de Belgique (2018)

A new way of conceiving scientific research, open science, was born with the computer revolution. In the wake of Open Access (free access to the results of publicly funded research), it goes hand in hand ... [more ▼]

A new way of conceiving scientific research, open science, was born with the computer revolution. In the wake of Open Access (free access to the results of publicly funded research), it goes hand in hand with the great ideal of transparency that is now invading all spheres of life in society. This book describes its origins, perspectives and objectives, and reveals the obstacles and obstacles due to private profit and academic conservatism. [less ▲]

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See detailInfOPAL_Les actes du Colloque_De l'engagement des chercheurs au service de l'animal et de la recherche
Drion, Pierre ULiege; Tirelli, Ezio ULiege; Geris, Liesbet ULiege et al

in OPAL (Ed.) Les actes du Colloque (2018, October 19)

Le débat en matière d’expériences sur animaux porte, par essence, sur des valeurs qui ont, par définition, une forte connotation subjective. Il pourrait sembler par exemple que les commissions d’éthique ... [more ▼]

Le débat en matière d’expériences sur animaux porte, par essence, sur des valeurs qui ont, par définition, une forte connotation subjective. Il pourrait sembler par exemple que les commissions d’éthique animales doivent partir du principe que les intérêts de l’homme (ou d’une espèce animale) pèsent plus lourd que les intérêts des animaux d’expérience (Nicks B, note de cours). En aucun cas cependant dans une mesure telle que tout intérêt de l’homme (ou d’une espèce animale) prévale sur n’importe quel intérêt de l’animal… [less ▲]

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See detailLa souris, le patient, et le faux expert. Décryptage d'une mystification.
Bakker, Julie ULiege; Balthazart, Jacques ULiege; Baron, Frédéric ULiege et al

Article for general public (2018)

La recherche sur animaux est actuellement encadrée de façon stricte en Wallonie comme dans toute l'Union Européenne (voir l'article de Marc Vandenheede publié dans le Vif). Cette législation et les ... [more ▼]

La recherche sur animaux est actuellement encadrée de façon stricte en Wallonie comme dans toute l'Union Européenne (voir l'article de Marc Vandenheede publié dans le Vif). Cette législation et les contrôles qui y sont associés induisent de nombreuses contraintes pratiques, des charges administratives et des coûts financiers importants que les chercheurs seraient certainement heureux d'éviter s'il existait une alternative à l'expérimentation animale. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse détaillée de la seconde version de l’avant-projet de Code du bien-être animal wallon. Lecture commentée au 21/03/2018 du Chapitre 8 (Expérimentation animale)
Drion, Pierre ULiege; Corhay, Albert ULiege; Haubruge, Eric ULiege et al

Report (2018)

La compétence « bien-être animal », auparavant fédérale, a été régionalisée en juillet 2014. Ce projet de code vise à remplacer les dispositions légales en vigueur (la Loi de 1984 telle que modifiée par ... [more ▼]

La compétence « bien-être animal », auparavant fédérale, a été régionalisée en juillet 2014. Ce projet de code vise à remplacer les dispositions légales en vigueur (la Loi de 1984 telle que modifiée par les décrets du Gouvernement wallon). Certains éléments sont repris tels quels de la Directive 2010/63. Cela est nécessaire car la Directive européenne en tant que telle n’a pas de force obligatoire en Belgique. Elle doit être transcrite par un instrument législatif (avant, la Loi de 1984 et ses modifications, aujourd’hui, le projet de code pour la Région wallonne). Certains aspects semblent flous, mais renvoient à des dispositions que le Gouvernement doit encore prendre (au travers d’arrêtés du Gouvernement wallon, comme le faisaient avant les nombreux arrêtés royaux et du gouvernement qui réglementent la matière). Les arrêtés d’exécution devront obligatoirement tenir compte de la Directive européenne et s’inspirer de dispositions actuellement en vigueur. [less ▲]

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See detailAnticiper les changements technologiques pour ne plus les subir
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Charlier, Nathan ULiege; Chefneux, Luc et al

Article for general public (2018)

Carte blanche pour l'instauration en Wallonie d'un "Institut d'évaluation des technologies" : allons-nous encore nous contenter de subir les développements technologiques ou allons-nous choisir de les ... [more ▼]

Carte blanche pour l'instauration en Wallonie d'un "Institut d'évaluation des technologies" : allons-nous encore nous contenter de subir les développements technologiques ou allons-nous choisir de les débattre, les questionner et participer de manière concertée à orienter leur trajectoire ? [less ▲]

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See detailScience needs a break !
Rentier, Bernard ULiege

Article for general public (2018)

OA is a "juste cause". It is supporting basic human rights, the rights to knowledge, education and wellness. It is a real democratic and sharing approach to science. If Green OA is the easy, efficient (if ... [more ▼]

OA is a "juste cause". It is supporting basic human rights, the rights to knowledge, education and wellness. It is a real democratic and sharing approach to science. If Green OA is the easy, efficient (if well enforced and cheap route to a forced obsolescence of the traditional mode of scientific communication, only "True Gold" Public OA will bring full access to both publishing and reading to the whole World, rather than the small fraction of it who could afford to read scientific literature so far and who will be allowed to express themselves in an APC-Gold era. However the most urgently needed reform is that of assessment methods, procedures and criteria. Without such a thorough revision, no progress to openness will ever be made because prestige will remain the prime criterion. [less ▲]

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See detailL’expérimentation animale reste indispensable (OPINION)
Amorim, Christiani; Andris, Fabienne; Arckens, Lut et al

Article for general public (2017)

Trop fréquemment, l’expérimentation animale est présentée comme une pratique archaïque. Elle a bien changé. Et 100 % des patients traités le sont grâce aux concepts et techniques développés grâce à elle.

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See detailAvant-projet de décret relatif au Code wallon du Bien-être des animaux Lecture commentée au 04 juillet 2017 des chap. 4, 8, 11
Drion, Pierre ULiege; Seutin, Vincent ULiege; Balthazart, Jacques ULiege et al

Report (2017)

La compétence « bien-être animal », auparavant fédérale, a été régionalisée en juillet 2014. Ce projet de code vise à remplacer les dispositions légales en vigueur (la Loi de 1984 telle que modifiée par ... [more ▼]

La compétence « bien-être animal », auparavant fédérale, a été régionalisée en juillet 2014. Ce projet de code vise à remplacer les dispositions légales en vigueur (la Loi de 1984 telle que modifiée par les décrets du Gouvernement wallon). Certains éléments sont repris tels quels de la Directive 2010/63. Cela est nécessaire car la Directive européenne en tant que telle n’a pas de force obligatoire en Belgique. Elle doit être transcrite par un instrument législatif (avant, la Loi de 1984, aujourd’hui, le projet de code). Certains aspects semblent flous, mais renvoient à des dispositions que le Gouvernement doit encore prendre (au travers d’arrêtés du Gouvernement wallon, comme le faisaient avant les nombreux arrêtés royaux et du gouvernement qui réglementent la matière). Les arrêtés d’exécution devront obligatoirement tenir compte de la directive européenne et s’inspirer de dispositions actuellement en vigueur. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of Research Careers fully acknowledging Open Science Practices - Rewards, incentives and/or recognition for researchers practicing Open Science
O'Carroll, Connor; Rentier, Bernard ULiege; Cabello Valdès, Cecilia et al

Report (2017)

Changing practices from the traditional approach in most disciplines will require a fundamental change in the way scientisits carry out research in an Open Science Environment. In order for this to be ... [more ▼]

Changing practices from the traditional approach in most disciplines will require a fundamental change in the way scientisits carry out research in an Open Science Environment. In order for this to be encouraged and incentivised, this change apprroach must be recognised and rewarded by both employers (when recruiting and promoting researchers) and research funders (when performing peer review of researchers in grant applications). Moreover, senior researchers must play a key role in this change as they are highly influential in the recruitment/promotion of researchers and conduct peer review both for funding agencies and publishers. The report rpovides background information on Open Science, researcher assessment and career Framework. It also describes different aspects of OS. The limitations of current recognition and reward processes are presented, with suggestions on how to alleviate these and how new paradigms can be envisioned and implemented. [less ▲]

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See detailOpen Access: challenging the norm in academia
Rentier, Bernard ULiege

Conference (2016, December 07)

Science communication is undergoing a considerable evolution in the Internet era. Open Access is at last letting researchers, scholars and students in developing countries acquire full access to ... [more ▼]

Science communication is undergoing a considerable evolution in the Internet era. Open Access is at last letting researchers, scholars and students in developing countries acquire full access to scientific knowledge. Nowadays, this represents a bit less than half of the scientific literature, the other half being still hidden behind paywalls and unaffordable by them. Unfortunately, in order to preserve their highly profitable business model, the major publishing companies are flipping the model from "pay to read" to "pay to publish". This is the most important threat for African and other developing countries: the price to pay for reading freely is the loss of opportunity to communicate. A truly democratic future, at the international level, calls for publicly run open publication platforms accessible to all, submitted to open reviewing and immediately accessible. This novel communication tool can only be attractive upon two conditions: 1) it must be attractive enough so that the researchers become aware of the advantages it provides in terms of audience, visibility and potential citations; 2) the research/researcher evaluation processes must take the new paradigm in consideration and quit using the current indirect metrics (proxys) such as the journals impact factor. However, this indispensable change in the evaluation tradition must be adopted worldwide and at the same time if no scientific community, particularly the young generation, is to be sacrificed. [less ▲]

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See detailScience Ouverte: Va-t-on continuer à faire de la recherche comme avant ?
Rentier, Bernard ULiege

Scientific conference (2016, November 03)

Les techniques d'information et de communication permettent aujourd'hui de concevoir des façons de faire de la recherche beaucoup plus efficaces, plus rapides, plus fondamentalement généreuses et ... [more ▼]

Les techniques d'information et de communication permettent aujourd'hui de concevoir des façons de faire de la recherche beaucoup plus efficaces, plus rapides, plus fondamentalement généreuses et désintéressées qu'auparavant. Cependant, l'évolution s'avère beaucoup plus lente qu'on ne pourrait s'y attendre. Elle est même frileuse. La cause de ce quasi immobilisme réside dans le conservatisme des procédures d'évaluation de la recherche et des chercheurs. Tant que celles-ci en resteront aux principes qui prévalaient au siècle dernier, il ne faut pas s'attendre à de vrais progrès. Pourquoi tant d'immobilisme dans un univers qui se dit progressiste, inventif, créatif et ouvert ? Un dégel n'est-il pas inévitable ? souhaitable ? Les pratiques traditionnelles ne sont-elles pas devenues moralement indéfendables en regard des moyens disponibles ? Est-ce une fatalité que la Science se montre aussi progressiste dans sa recherche et conservatrice pour son évaluation ? La Science Ouverte crée une brèche dans cette muraille d'un autre temps. [less ▲]

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See detailStrategic challenges and potential benefits of Open Access publishing: lessons for senior management
Rentier, Bernard ULiege

in Doctoral Education Bulletin (2016), 8(Special edition (winter)), 5-6

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See detailOpen Science: a revolution in sight?
Rentier, Bernard ULiege

in Interlending and Document Supply (2016), 44(4),

• Purpose This article aims at describing the evolution of scientific communication, largely represented by the publication process. It notes the disappearance of the traditional publication on paper and ... [more ▼]

• Purpose This article aims at describing the evolution of scientific communication, largely represented by the publication process. It notes the disappearance of the traditional publication on paper and its progressive replacement by electronic publishing, a new paradigm implying radical changes in the whole mechanism. It aims also at warning the scientific community about the dangers of some new avenues and why, rather than subcontracting an essential part of its work, it must take back a full control of its production. • Design/methodology/approach The article reviews the emerging concepts in scholarly publication and aims to answer frequently asked questions concerning free access to scientific literature as well as to data, science and knowledge in general. • Findings The article provides new observations concerning the level of compliance to institutional open access mandates and the poor relevance of journal prestige for quality evaluation of research and researchers. The results of introducing an open access policy at the University of Liège are noted. • Social implications Open access is, for the first time in human history, an opportunity to provide free access to knowledge universally, regardless of either the wealth or the social status of the potentially interested readers. It is an essential breakthrough for developing countries. • Value Open access and Open Science in general must be considered as common values that should be shared freely. Free access to publicly generated knowledge should be explicitly included in universal human rights. There are still a number of obstacles hampering this goal, mostly the greed of intermediaries who persuade researchers to give their work for free, in exchange for prestige. The worldwide cause of Open Knowledge is thus a major universal issue for the 21st Century. [less ▲]

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See detailGood practices from Universities: University of Liège, Belgium - Impact of Open Archives on Research Communication Efficiency : The ORBi Experience
Rentier, Bernard ULiege

Scientific conference (2015, October 30)

ORBi, the institutional repository at the University of Liège (ULg), Belgium, is currently the most successful "green OA" tool, with a compliance rate close to 90%. This is due to a strongly enforced ... [more ▼]

ORBi, the institutional repository at the University of Liège (ULg), Belgium, is currently the most successful "green OA" tool, with a compliance rate close to 90%. This is due to a strongly enforced institutional mandate which has progressively but quickly led authors to realise all the benefits they could draw from it. A September 2015 survey has demonstrated the popularity of ORBi among the ULg research community. [less ▲]

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