Reference : Vitamin D, cardiovascular disease and mortality
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Laboratory medicine & medical technology
Vitamin D, cardiovascular disease and mortality
Pilz, Stefan [ > > ]
Tomaschitz, Andreas [ > > ]
März, Winfried [ > > ]
Drechsler, Christiane [ > > ]
Ritz, Eberhard [ > > ]
Zittermann, Armin [ > > ]
CAVALIER, Etienne mailto [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Chimie médicale >]
Pieber, Thomas [ > > ]
Lappe, Joan [ > > ]
Grant, William [ > > ]
Holick, Michael [ > > ]
Dekker, Jacquelin [ > > ]
Clinical Endocrinology
Blackwell Publishing
Yes (verified by ORBi)
United Kingdom
[en] vitamin D ; atherosclerosis ; recommandations ; prospective ; intervention
[en] A poor vitamin D status, i.e. low serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D), is common
in the general population. This finding is of concern not only because of the classic vitamin D
effects on musculoskeletal outcomes, but also because expression of the vitamin D receptor
(VDR) and vitamin D metabolizing enzymes in the heart and blood vessels suggests a role of
vitamin D in the cardiovascular system. VDR-knockout mice suffer from cardiovascular disease
(CVD) and various experimental studies suggest cardiovascular-protection by vitamin D,
including anti-atherosclerotic, anti-inflammatory and direct cardio-protective actions, beneficial
effects on classic cardiovascular risk factors as well as suppression of parathyroid hormone
(PTH) levels. In epidemiological studies, low levels of 25(OH)D are associated with increased
risk of CVD and mortality. Data from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are sparse and have
partially, but not consistently, shown some beneficial effects of vitamin D supplementation on
cardiovascular risk factors (e.g. arterial hypertension). We have insufficient data on vitamin D
effects on cardiovascular events, but meta-analyses of RCTs indicate that vitamin D may
modestly reduce all-cause mortality. Despite accumulating data suggesting that a sufficient
vitamin D status may protect against CVD, we still must wait for results of large-scale RCTs
before raising general recommendations for vitamin D in the prevention and treatment of CVD.
In current clinical practice the overall risks and costs of vitamin D supplementation should be
weighed against the potential adverse consequences of untreated vitamin D deficiency

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